4.2 The Assyrian Empire

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  • 1. The Assyrian EmpireThe Assyrian Empire Chapter 4, Section 2Chapter 4, Section 2 Assyria develops a militaryAssyria develops a military machine and establishes a well-machine and establishes a well- organized administration.organized administration.
  • 2. A Mighty Military MachineA Mighty Military Machine  AssyriaAssyria • Assyria uses military might to acquireAssyria uses military might to acquire empire across Southwest Asiaempire across Southwest Asia  The Rise of a Warrior PeopleThe Rise of a Warrior People • After invasions in Mesopotamia,After invasions in Mesopotamia, Assyrians develop warlike behavior.Assyrians develop warlike behavior. • Assyrian king Sennacherib brutallyAssyrian king Sennacherib brutally destroys enemies.destroys enemies.
  • 3. A Mighty Military MachineA Mighty Military Machine (cont.)(cont.)  Military Organization and ConquestMilitary Organization and Conquest • Glorified armies wear metal armor,Glorified armies wear metal armor, copper helmets, leather protection.copper helmets, leather protection. • Use iron weapons, engineering skill, andUse iron weapons, engineering skill, and brute force to conquer cities.brute force to conquer cities. • Kill, enslave, or banish captive peoplesKill, enslave, or banish captive peoples to distant landsto distant lands
  • 4. The Empire ExpandsThe Empire Expands  Kings of AssyriaKings of Assyria • Defeat Syria, Palestine, BabyloniaDefeat Syria, Palestine, Babylonia between 850 and 650 B.C.between 850 and 650 B.C.  Assyrian RuleAssyrian Rule • Creates central authority over localCreates central authority over local governors of dependent regions.governors of dependent regions. • Collects taxes and tribute fromCollects taxes and tribute from conquered lands.conquered lands.
  • 5. The Empire ExpandsThe Empire Expands  Assyrian CultureAssyrian Culture • Rulers build great cities, includingRulers build great cities, including capital at Ninevehcapital at Nineveh • Carved sculptures of military campaignsCarved sculptures of military campaigns and the lion hunt.and the lion hunt. • KingKing AshurbanipalAshurbanipal builds library ofbuilds library of 20,000 tablets; Epic of Gilgamesh20,000 tablets; Epic of Gilgamesh
  • 6. The Empire CrumblesThe Empire Crumbles  Early WarningsEarly Warnings • Empire spread thin, cruelty earns many enemies, AshurbanipalEmpire spread thin, cruelty earns many enemies, Ashurbanipal diesdies  Decline and FallDecline and Fall • Army of Medes and Chaldeans destroys Nineveh (612 B.C.);Army of Medes and Chaldeans destroys Nineveh (612 B.C.); library surviveslibrary survives  Rebirth of Babylon Under the ChaldeansRebirth of Babylon Under the Chaldeans • Chaldeans make Babylon capital of own empireChaldeans make Babylon capital of own empire • King Nebuchadnezzar builds legendary hanging gardens ofKing Nebuchadnezzar builds legendary hanging gardens of BabylonBabylon • Builds tall ziggurats; astronomers make discoveries aboutBuilds tall ziggurats; astronomers make discoveries about solar systemsolar system • Chaldean Empire falls to Persians; they adopt AssyrianChaldean Empire falls to Persians; they adopt Assyrian inventions.inventions.
  • 7. A Biblical Reference toA Biblical Reference to SennacheribSennacherib 2 Kings 19:36-37 (ESV)2 Kings 19:36-37 (ESV) ““Then Sennacherib king of AssyriaThen Sennacherib king of Assyria departed and went home and lived atdeparted and went home and lived at Nineveh. And as he was worshiping in theNineveh. And as he was worshiping in the house of Nisroch his god, Adrammelechhouse of Nisroch his god, Adrammelech and Sharezer, his sons, struck him downand Sharezer, his sons, struck him down with the sword and escaped into the landwith the sword and escaped into the land of Ararat. And Esarhaddon his son reignedof Ararat. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his place.”in his place.”