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32.2 japan’s pacific campaign new

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Transcript

  • 1. Japan’s Pacific Campaign Chapter 32, Section 2 vs.
  • 2. Introduction  Japan attacks Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and brings the United States into World War II
  • 3. Surprise Attack on Pearl Harbor
  • 4. Japan and the United States  Japan develops a plan for attacks on European colonies and U.S. bases  In 1941 President Franklin D. Roosevelt cuts off oil shipments to Japan.  Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto plans attack on U.S. fleet in Hawaii
  • 5. Route of Japanese Fleet Attacking Pearl Harbor
  • 6. Waves of the Attack  First wave, 182 planes  Second wave, 171 planes
  • 7. World History Television
  • 8. USS Arizona Memorial
  • 9. Day of Infamy  Japan attacks Pearl Harbor—U.S. Naval base in Hawaii—on December 7, 1941  U.S. declares war on Japan December 8, 1941.  Japan also attacks Hong Kong, Thailand, and other islands
  • 10. Japanese Victories  Guam and Wake Island  The Philippines  Japanese attack Philippine Islands defended by U.S., Filipino troops.  Philippine islands fall to Japanese in 1942.
  • 11. Bataan Death March  The forcible transfer of 75,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war in the Philippines from the Bataan peninsula to prison camps  Beheadings, cut throats and casual shootings were the more common and merciful actions — compared to bayonet stabbings, rapes, disembowelments, numerous rifle butt beatings and a deliberate refusal to allow the prisoners food or water while keeping them continually marching for nearly a week in tropical heat.
  • 12. Pictures of the Bataan Death March
  • 13. World History Television Henry Grady Stanley, 89, recalls his time as a Prisoner of War during World War II.
  • 14. Propaganda Poster in the U.S. after the Bataan Death March
  • 15. Bataan Death March Memorial “The Battling Bastards of Bataan”
  • 16. Gains in Many Places  Japan captures British holdings, including Hong Kong and Singapore.  Japan conquers the Dutch East Indies which is rich in minerals  Japan captures Burma. This threatens India, Britain’s main possession in Asia.  Japanese forces treat conquered peoples and prisoners of war brutally
  • 17. Doolittle Raid  U.S. bombers attack Tokyo and other Japanese cities in April 1942.  (Here Lt. Col. James H. Doolittle wires a Japanese medal to a bomb, for "return" to its originators in the first U.S. air raid on the Japanese Home Islands.)  Raid does little damage, but shows that Japan is vulnerable.
  • 18. World History Television The Doolittle Raid
  • 19. Allies Turn the Tide  Battle of the Coral Sea—Americans stop Japanese advance, May 1942.  New kind of naval warfare—ships launch planes to fight each other (see next slide).
  • 20. Bombers do not engage each other, but pass each other on the way to the enemy aircraft carrier.
  • 21. The Allies Strike Back  The Battle of Midway  Japanese send powerful fleet to capture Midway Island.  Battle of Midway—U.S. destroy half of Japan’s aircraft carriers causing Japan to retreat.
  • 22. World History Television The Battle of Midway by John Ford
  • 23. An Allied Offensive  MacArthur’s Plan  Douglas MacArthur— American army commander in the Pacific.  He plans to “island- hop” past strongholds in order to attack weaker Japanese bases.
  • 24. Guadalcanal Battle of Guadalcanal—hellish battle that ends in Allied victory.
  • 25. Guadalcanal Diary (book and film)  Hollywood cooperated with the war effort by producing films to build the morale of the American people.  Released in 1943.  The film recounts the fight of the United States Marines in the Battle of Guadalcanal, which occurred only a year before the movie's release. While the film has notable battle scenes, its primary focus is on the characters and back stories of the Marines.
  • 26. World History Television Trailer for Guadalcanal Diary (1943)

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