25.3 industrialization spreads

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25.3 industrialization spreads

  1. 1. 25.3 Industrialization25.3 IndustrializationSpreadsSpreadsThe Industrialization that begins inThe Industrialization that begins inGreat Britain spreads to other parts ofGreat Britain spreads to other parts ofthe world.the world.
  2. 2. Industrial Development in the United StatesIndustrial Development in the United States U.S. has natural and labor resources needed toU.S. has natural and labor resources needed toindustrializeindustrialize Samuel Slater, English textile worker, builds textileSamuel Slater, English textile worker, builds textilemill in the U.S.mill in the U.S. Lowell, Massachusetts is a mechanized textile centerLowell, Massachusetts is a mechanized textile centerby 1820by 1820 Manufacturing towns spring up around factoriesManufacturing towns spring up around factoriesacross the countryacross the country Young single women flock to factory towns, work inYoung single women flock to factory towns, work intextile millstextile mills Clothing and shoemaking industries soon mechanizeClothing and shoemaking industries soon mechanize
  3. 3. Industrial Development in the United StatesIndustrial Development in the United States Later Expansion of U.S. IndustryLater Expansion of U.S. Industry Industrialization picks up during post-Civil WarIndustrialization picks up during post-Civil Wartechnology boomtechnology boom Cities like Chicago expand rapidly due to locationCities like Chicago expand rapidly due to locationon railroad lineson railroad lines Small companies merge to form larger, powerfulSmall companies merge to form larger, powerfulcompaniescompanies
  4. 4. Industrial Development in the United StatesIndustrial Development in the United States The Rise of CorporationsThe Rise of Corporations Stock—limited ownership rights for company,Stock—limited ownership rights for company,sold to raise moneysold to raise money Corporation—company owned by stockholders,Corporation—company owned by stockholders,share profits not debtsshare profits not debts Large corporations attempt to control as muchLarge corporations attempt to control as muchbusiness as they canbusiness as they can
  5. 5. Continental Europe IndustrializesContinental Europe Industrializes Troubles in Continental EuropeTroubles in Continental Europe Revolution and Napoleonic ward disrupted earlyRevolution and Napoleonic ward disrupted early1919thth-century economy-century economy Beginnings in BelgiumBeginnings in Belgium Belgium has iron ore, coal, water transportationBelgium has iron ore, coal, water transportation British workers smuggle in machine plans and startBritish workers smuggle in machine plans and startcompanies in 1799companies in 1799
  6. 6. Continental Europe IndustrializesContinental Europe Industrializes Germany IndustrializesGermany Industrializes Political, economic barriers; but industry, railroadsPolitical, economic barriers; but industry, railroadsboom by mid-centuryboom by mid-century Expansion Elsewhere in EuropeExpansion Elsewhere in Europe Bohemia develops spinning; Northern ItalyBohemia develops spinning; Northern Italymechanizes silk textilesmechanizes silk textiles Industrialization in France more measured;Industrialization in France more measured;agriculture remains strongagriculture remains strong
  7. 7. The Impact of IndustrializationThe Impact of Industrialization Rise of Global InequalityRise of Global Inequality Wealth gap widens; non-industrialized countriesWealth gap widens; non-industrialized countriesfall further behindfall further behind European nations, U.S., Japan exploit colonies forEuropean nations, U.S., Japan exploit colonies forrecoursesrecourses Imperialism spreads due to need for raw materials,Imperialism spreads due to need for raw materials,marketsmarkets
  8. 8. The Impact of IndustrializationThe Impact of Industrialization Transformation of SocietyTransformation of Society Europe and U.S. gain economic powerEurope and U.S. gain economic power African and Asian economies lag, based onAfrican and Asian economies lag, based onagriculture, craftsagriculture, crafts Rise of middle class strengthens democracy, callsRise of middle class strengthens democracy, callsfor social reformfor social reform

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