• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
25.2 industrialization
 

25.2 industrialization

on

  • 1,931 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,931
Views on SlideShare
492
Embed Views
1,439

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0

2 Embeds 1,439

http://mrleesclass.wordpress.com 951
http://www.waynecountyschools.org 488

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    25.2 industrialization 25.2 industrialization Presentation Transcript

    • 25.2 IndustrializationThe factory system changes theway people live and work,introducing a variety of problems
    • Industrialization Changes Life Factory Work Factories pay more than farms, spur demand formore expensive goods Industrial Cities Rise Urbanization—city-building and movement ofpeople to cities Growing population provides work force and amarket for factory goods British industrial cities: London, Birmingham,Manchester, Liverpool
    • Industrialization Changes Life Living Conditions Sickness widespread; epidemics, like cholera,sweep urban slums Life span in one large city is only 17 years Wealthy merchants, factory owners live inluxurious suburban homes Rapidly growing cities lack sanitary codes andbuilding codes Cities also without adequate housing, education,and police protection
    • Industrialization Changes Life Working Conditions Average working day is 14 hours for 6 days aweek, year round Dirty, poorly lit factories injure workers Many coal miners killed by coal dust
    • Class Tensions Grow The Middle Class Middle class—skilled workers, merchants, richfarmers, professionals Emerging middle class looked down on bylandowners and aristocrats Middle class has comfortable standard of living
    • Class Tensions Grow The Working Class Laborers’ lives not improved; some laborersreplaced by machines Luddites and other groups destroy machinery thatputs them out of work Unemployment is a serious problem; unemployedworkers riot
    • Positive Effects of the Industrial Revolution Immediate Benefits Creates jobs, enriches nation, encourages technologicalprogress Education expands, clothing cheaper, diet and housingimprove Workers eventually win shorter hours, better wages andconditions Long-Term Effects Improved living and working conditions still evident today Governments use increased tax revenues for urbandevelopments
    • Case Study: Manchester Children in Manchester Factories Children as young as 6 work in factories; manyare injured 1819 Factory Act restricts working age, hours Factory pollution fouls air, poisons river Nonetheless, Manchester produces consumergoods and creates wealth
    • Case Study: Manchester The Mills of Manchester Manchester has labor, water, power, nearby portat Liverpool. Poor live and work in unhealthy, even dangerousenvironment Business owners make profits by risking their ownmoney on factories Eventually, working class sees its standard ofliving rise some