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25.2 industrialization

25.2 industrialization






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    25.2 industrialization 25.2 industrialization Presentation Transcript

    • 25.2 IndustrializationThe factory system changes theway people live and work,introducing a variety of problems
    • Industrialization Changes Life Factory Work Factories pay more than farms, spur demand formore expensive goods Industrial Cities Rise Urbanization—city-building and movement ofpeople to cities Growing population provides work force and amarket for factory goods British industrial cities: London, Birmingham,Manchester, Liverpool
    • Industrialization Changes Life Living Conditions Sickness widespread; epidemics, like cholera,sweep urban slums Life span in one large city is only 17 years Wealthy merchants, factory owners live inluxurious suburban homes Rapidly growing cities lack sanitary codes andbuilding codes Cities also without adequate housing, education,and police protection
    • Industrialization Changes Life Working Conditions Average working day is 14 hours for 6 days aweek, year round Dirty, poorly lit factories injure workers Many coal miners killed by coal dust
    • Class Tensions Grow The Middle Class Middle class—skilled workers, merchants, richfarmers, professionals Emerging middle class looked down on bylandowners and aristocrats Middle class has comfortable standard of living
    • Class Tensions Grow The Working Class Laborers’ lives not improved; some laborersreplaced by machines Luddites and other groups destroy machinery thatputs them out of work Unemployment is a serious problem; unemployedworkers riot
    • Positive Effects of the Industrial Revolution Immediate Benefits Creates jobs, enriches nation, encourages technologicalprogress Education expands, clothing cheaper, diet and housingimprove Workers eventually win shorter hours, better wages andconditions Long-Term Effects Improved living and working conditions still evident today Governments use increased tax revenues for urbandevelopments
    • Case Study: Manchester Children in Manchester Factories Children as young as 6 work in factories; manyare injured 1819 Factory Act restricts working age, hours Factory pollution fouls air, poisons river Nonetheless, Manchester produces consumergoods and creates wealth
    • Case Study: Manchester The Mills of Manchester Manchester has labor, water, power, nearby portat Liverpool. Poor live and work in unhealthy, even dangerousenvironment Business owners make profits by risking their ownmoney on factories Eventually, working class sees its standard ofliving rise some