22.4 the american revolution

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22.4 the american revolution

  1. 1. 22.4 The American22.4 The AmericanRevolutionRevolutionEnlightenment ideas help spur theEnlightenment ideas help spur theAmerican colonies to shed British ruleAmerican colonies to shed British ruleand create a new nation.and create a new nation.
  2. 2. Britain and Its American ColoniesBritain and Its American Colonies The American Colonies GrowThe American Colonies Grow American colonies grow large and populous duringAmerican colonies grow large and populous duringthe 1600s and 1700sthe 1600s and 1700s Colonies thrive economically through trade withColonies thrive economically through trade withEuropeEurope Britain’s Navigation Act restricts that trade (1651)Britain’s Navigation Act restricts that trade (1651) Other trade laws add restrictions and taxesOther trade laws add restrictions and taxes Colonists identify less and less as British subjectsColonists identify less and less as British subjects
  3. 3. Americans Win IndependenceAmericans Win Independence British-Colonial Tensions AriseBritish-Colonial Tensions Arise Britain and American colonies win the French andBritain and American colonies win the French andIndian War in 1763Indian War in 1763 Britain taxes colonists to help pay the war debtsBritain taxes colonists to help pay the war debts Colonists argue that British cannot tax them withoutColonists argue that British cannot tax them withouttheir consenttheir consent
  4. 4. Americans Win IndependenceAmericans Win Independence Growing Hostility Leads to WarGrowing Hostility Leads to War Colonists protest tea tax with “Boston Tea Party” inColonists protest tea tax with “Boston Tea Party” in17731773 Colonists meet in Philadelphia to address BritishColonists meet in Philadelphia to address Britishpolicies (1774)policies (1774) British and Americans exchange fire at LexingtonBritish and Americans exchange fire at Lexingtonand Concord in 1775and Concord in 1775
  5. 5. Americans Win IndependenceAmericans Win Independence The Influence of the EnlightenmentThe Influence of the Enlightenment Colonial leaders push for independence, rely onColonial leaders push for independence, rely onEnlightenment ideasEnlightenment ideas Declaration of Independence—document justifyingDeclaration of Independence—document justifyingcolonial rebellioncolonial rebellion Leader Thomas Jefferson writes Declaration, usesLeader Thomas Jefferson writes Declaration, usesideas of John Lockeideas of John Locke
  6. 6. Americans Win IndependenceAmericans Win Independence Success for the ColonistsSuccess for the Colonists Despite British military might, colonists haveDespite British military might, colonists haveadvantages:advantages: Motivating cause of freedomMotivating cause of freedom French assistanceFrench assistance War’s expense for BritainWar’s expense for Britain British surrender at Yorktown in 1781; colonists winBritish surrender at Yorktown in 1781; colonists winthe warthe war
  7. 7. Americans Create a RepublicAmericans Create a Republic A Weak National GovernmentA Weak National Government Articles of Confederation set government plan forArticles of Confederation set government plan fornew republicnew republic Articles create legislature only, no executive orArticles create legislature only, no executive orjudicial branchesjudicial branches Result is weak national government that fails toResult is weak national government that fails toprovide unity and orderprovide unity and order
  8. 8. Americans Create a RepublicAmericans Create a Republic A New ConstitutionA New Constitution Leaders call Constitutional Convention in 1787 toLeaders call Constitutional Convention in 1787 torevise articlesrevise articles Group instead creates a new government under U.S.Group instead creates a new government under U.S.ConstitutionConstitution Constitution contains many political ideas of theConstitution contains many political ideas of theEnlightenmentEnlightenment
  9. 9. Enlightenment Ideas and theEnlightenment Ideas and theConstitutionConstitution
  10. 10. Americans Create a RepublicAmericans Create a Republic The Federal SystemThe Federal System Constitution creates three branches of governmentConstitution creates three branches of government Provides checks and balances—ensures branches shareProvides checks and balances—ensures branches sharepower equallypower equally Promotes federal system—power divided between nation andPromotes federal system—power divided between nation andstatesstates The Bill of RightsThe Bill of Rights Some fear too much national power, few protections of rightsSome fear too much national power, few protections of rights Leaders win support for Constitution by adding a Bill ofLeaders win support for Constitution by adding a Bill ofRightsRights Ten amendments to Constitution that protect freedomsTen amendments to Constitution that protect freedoms

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