21 4 absolute rulers of russia

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21 4 absolute rulers of russia

  1. 1. Absolute Rulers ofAbsolute Rulers ofRussiaRussiaChapter 21, Section 4Chapter 21, Section 4
  2. 2. Section OpenerSection Opener Peter the Great makes many changes inPeter the Great makes many changes inRussia to try to make it more like westernRussia to try to make it more like westernEuropeEurope
  3. 3. The First CzarThe First Czar Ivan the TerribleIvan the Terrible– In 1533, Ivan the TerribleIn 1533, Ivan the Terriblebecomes king of Russiabecomes king of Russia– Struggles for power withStruggles for power withboyarsboyars—landowning nobles.—landowning nobles.– Seizes power and is crownedSeizes power and is crownedczar, meaning “caesar”czar, meaning “caesar” Rule by TerrorRule by Terror– In 1560, Ivan turns againstIn 1560, Ivan turns againstboyars, kills them, seizesboyars, kills them, seizeslandslands Rise of the RomanovsRise of the Romanovs– Ivan’s heir is weak, leading toIvan’s heir is weak, leading toperiod of turmoilperiod of turmoil– In 1613, Michael RomanovIn 1613, Michael Romanovbecomes czarbecomes czar
  4. 4. Peter the Great Comes toPeter the Great Comes toPowerPower The Rise of PeterThe Rise of Peter– Peter the Great becomesPeter the Great becomesczar in 1696, begins toczar in 1696, begins toreform Russiareform Russia Russia Contrasts withRussia Contrasts withEuropeEurope– Cut off geographicallyCut off geographicallyfrom Europefrom Europe– Culturally isolated, littleCulturally isolated, littlecontact with westerncontact with westernEuropeEurope– Religious differencesReligious differenceswiden gapwiden gap
  5. 5. Peter Rules AbsolutelyPeter Rules Absolutely Peter Visits the WestPeter Visits the West– In 1697, Peter visits western Europe to learnIn 1697, Peter visits western Europe to learnEuropean waysEuropean ways Peter’s GoalPeter’s Goal– Goal ofGoal of westernizationwesternization —using western Europe as a—using western Europe as amodel for changemodel for change Peter’s ReformsPeter’s Reforms– Brings Orthodox Church under state controlBrings Orthodox Church under state control– Reduces power of great landownersReduces power of great landowners– Modernizes army by having European officers trainModernizes army by having European officers trainsoldierssoldiers
  6. 6. Peter Rules Absolutely (continued)Peter Rules Absolutely (continued) Westernizing RussiaWesternizing Russia– Introduces potatoesIntroduces potatoes– Starts Russia’s first newspaperStarts Russia’s first newspaper– Raises women’s statusRaises women’s status– Adopts Western fashionAdopts Western fashion– Advances educationAdvances education
  7. 7. Peter Rules Absolutely (continued)Peter Rules Absolutely (continued) Establishing St. PetersburgEstablishing St. Petersburg– Peter wants a seaport that will make travel toPeter wants a seaport that will make travel toWest easier.West easier.– Fights Sweden to win port on Baltic SeaFights Sweden to win port on Baltic Sea– In 1703, begins building new capital called St.In 1703, begins building new capital called St.Petersburg.Petersburg.– Building city takes many years, many serfs dieBuilding city takes many years, many serfs diein process.in process.– By the time of Peter’s death, Russia is force toBy the time of Peter’s death, Russia is force tobe reckoned with in Europebe reckoned with in Europe
  8. 8. ““English Embankment,”English Embankment,”St. Petersburg, RussiaSt. Petersburg, Russia
  9. 9. Palace Square, St. PetersburgPalace Square, St. Petersburg
  10. 10. Church of the Savior on Spilt Blood,Church of the Savior on Spilt Blood,St. Petersburg, RussiaSt. Petersburg, Russia

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