13.1 charlemagne unites germanic kingdoms

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13.1 charlemagne unites germanic kingdoms

  1. 1. 13.1 Charlemagne Unites13.1 Charlemagne UnitesGermanic KingdomsGermanic KingdomsMany Germanic kingdoms thatMany Germanic kingdoms thatsucceeded the Roman Empire aresucceeded the Roman Empire arereunited under Charlemagne’s empire.reunited under Charlemagne’s empire.
  2. 2. Invasions of Western EuropeInvasions of Western Europe Effects of Constant Invasions and WarfareEffects of Constant Invasions and Warfare Germanic invaders overrun western RomanGermanic invaders overrun western RomanEmpire in 400sEmpire in 400s Fighting disrupts trade and government;Fighting disrupts trade and government;people abandon citiespeople abandon cities Marks the beginning of theMarks the beginning of the Middle AgesMiddle Ages——period from 500 to 1500period from 500 to 1500
  3. 3. Invasions of Western EuropeInvasions of Western Europe The Decline of LearningThe Decline of Learning As cities are abandoned, level of learningAs cities are abandoned, level of learningdeclinesdeclines Knowledge of Greek language and culture isKnowledge of Greek language and culture isalmost completely lostalmost completely lost
  4. 4. Invasions of Western EuropeInvasions of Western Europe Loss of a Common LanguageLoss of a Common Language Introduction of German language changesIntroduction of German language changesLatin; dialects developLatin; dialects develop
  5. 5. Germanic Kingdoms EmergeGermanic Kingdoms Emerge Years of Upheaval Between 400 and 600Years of Upheaval Between 400 and 600 Germanic kingdoms replace Roman provincesGermanic kingdoms replace Roman provinces Continual wars change borders betweenContinual wars change borders betweenkingdomskingdoms The Church provides order and securityThe Church provides order and security
  6. 6. Germanic Kingdoms EmergeGermanic Kingdoms Emerge The Concept of Government ChangesThe Concept of Government Changes Germans held together by family ties andGermans held together by family ties andloyalty, not governmentloyalty, not government Small communities are governed by unwrittenSmall communities are governed by unwrittenrules and traditionsrules and traditions Germanic warriors pledge loyalty to theirGermanic warriors pledge loyalty to theirchief; live in lord’s hallchief; live in lord’s hall
  7. 7. Germanic Kingdoms EmergeGermanic Kingdoms Emerge Clovis Rules the FranksClovis Rules the Franks Germanic people called Franks hold power inGermanic people called Franks hold power inRoman province of GaulRoman province of Gaul Clovis, leader of the Franks, converts toClovis, leader of the Franks, converts toChristianity in 496Christianity in 496 Leads warriors against other GermanicLeads warriors against other Germanicarmiesarmies Unites Franks into one kingdom with Church’sUnites Franks into one kingdom with Church’shelp by 511help by 511
  8. 8. Germans Adopt ChristianityGermans Adopt Christianity How the Church SpreadHow the Church Spread Frankish rulers convert Germanic peoples toFrankish rulers convert Germanic peoples toChristianityChristianity Missionaries travel to convert Germanic andMissionaries travel to convert Germanic andCeltic groupsCeltic groups
  9. 9. Germans Adopt ChristianityGermans Adopt Christianity Monasteries, Convents, and ManuscriptsMonasteries, Convents, and Manuscripts Church builds monasteries—where monksChurch builds monasteries—where monkslive to study and serve Godlive to study and serve God Italian monk, Benedict, writes rules thatItalian monk, Benedict, writes rules thatgovern monastic lifegovern monastic life His sister Scholastica adapts rules for nunsHis sister Scholastica adapts rules for nunsliving in conventsliving in convents Monks establish schools, preserve learningMonks establish schools, preserve learningthrough librariesthrough libraries
  10. 10. Germans Adopt ChristianityGermans Adopt Christianity Papal Power Expands Under Gregory IPapal Power Expands Under Gregory I In 590, Gregory I, also called Gregory the Great,In 590, Gregory I, also called Gregory the Great,becomes popebecomes pope Under Gregory, Church becomes secular—a politicalUnder Gregory, Church becomes secular—a politicalpowerpower Pope’s palace becomes center of Roman governmentPope’s palace becomes center of Roman government Uses Church money to raise armies, care for poor,Uses Church money to raise armies, care for poor,negotiate treatiesnegotiate treaties Establishes a Christendom—churchly kingdomEstablishes a Christendom—churchly kingdomfanning out from Romefanning out from Rome
  11. 11. An Empire EvolvesAn Empire Evolves Europe’s KingdomsEurope’s Kingdoms The Franks control largest and strongest ofThe Franks control largest and strongest ofEurope’s many kingdomsEurope’s many kingdoms By 511, Frankish rule extends over what isBy 511, Frankish rule extends over what isnow Francenow France
  12. 12. An Empire EvolvesAn Empire Evolves Charles Martel EmergesCharles Martel Emerges Most powerful official in kingdom is majorMost powerful official in kingdom is majordomo—mayor of the palacedomo—mayor of the palace In 719, major domo Charles Martel becomesIn 719, major domo Charles Martel becomesmore powerful than kingmore powerful than king Defeats Muslims from Spain at Tours in 732;Defeats Muslims from Spain at Tours in 732;becomes a Christian herobecomes a Christian hero Son, Pepin, begins Carolingian Dynasty—Son, Pepin, begins Carolingian Dynasty—family that ruled 751–987family that ruled 751–987
  13. 13. Charlemagne Becomes EmperorCharlemagne Becomes Emperor From Pepin toFrom Pepin toCharlemagneCharlemagne Pepin dies in 768,Pepin dies in 768,leaves kingdom to twoleaves kingdom to twosons; in 771 one sonsons; in 771 one sondiesdies Second son,Second son,Charlemagne (CharlesCharlemagne (Charlesthe Great), rulesthe Great), ruleskingdomkingdom
  14. 14. Charlemagne Becomes EmperorCharlemagne Becomes Emperor Charlemagne Extends Frankish RuleCharlemagne Extends Frankish Rule Charlemagne’s armies reunite westernCharlemagne’s armies reunite westernEurope, spread ChristianityEurope, spread Christianity In 800, Charlemagne travels to Rome toIn 800, Charlemagne travels to Rome toprotect Pope Leo III from mobsprotect Pope Leo III from mobs Pope crowns Charlemagne emperor; givesPope crowns Charlemagne emperor; giveshim title, “Roman Emperor”him title, “Roman Emperor” Germanic power, Church, heritage of RomanGermanic power, Church, heritage of RomanEmpire now joined togetherEmpire now joined together
  15. 15. Charlemagne Becomes EmperorCharlemagne Becomes Emperor Charlemagne Leads a RevivalCharlemagne Leads a Revival Charlemagne limits nobles’ power byCharlemagne limits nobles’ power bygoverning through royal agentsgoverning through royal agents Encourages learning and orders monasteriesEncourages learning and orders monasteriesto open schoolsto open schools
  16. 16. Charlemagne Becomes EmperorCharlemagne Becomes Emperor Charlemagne’s HeirsCharlemagne’s Heirs Charlemagne dies in 814; his son, Louis the Pious,Charlemagne dies in 814; his son, Louis the Pious,rules poorlyrules poorly Louis’s three grandsons fight for control of empireLouis’s three grandsons fight for control of empire In 843 they divide empire into three kingdoms; signIn 843 they divide empire into three kingdoms; signTreaty of VerdunTreaty of Verdun

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