Final Project - Mohammed Rabbi

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Turn Down The Heat: Why A 4°C …

Turn Down The Heat: Why A 4°C
Warmer World Must Be Avoided

Final Project and Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi

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  • 1. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Turn Down The Heat: Why A 4°C Warmer World Must Be Avoided Final Project Source: (https://shutterstock.com/)
  • 2. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Global Warming (Source: http://topics.time.com/global-warming/pictures/) How will climate change affect storms like Sandy, seen in a satellite image?
  • 3. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi American Smokestacks (Source: http://ShutterStock.com/) Not helping the global-warming situation…
  • 4. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Global Warming Awareness Poster: Smoky Skies (Image Credit: Miteshkothari - http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/global-warming-alert-posters/)
  • 5. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Greenland Ice Sheet (Source: http://topics.time.com/global-warming/pictures/) This melt water lake was created by warm summer temperatures on the surface of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Melt-water lubricates the glacier bed and makes the ice flow faster into the sea. Global warming has caused melting to occur dozens of miles further inland than 20 years ago.
  • 6. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Global Warming Image (Source: http://topics.time.com/global-warming/pictures) Some climate experts say that without breakthrough technologies and as yet unimagined solutions, we cannot stem the progress of the climate change.
  • 7. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Climate Change Posters (Source: http://webneel.com/webneel/blog/)
  • 8. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Climate Change Images (Source: http://google.com )
  • 9. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Climate Change Images (Source: http://google.com )
  • 10. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Climate Change Poster https://www.google.com/
  • 11. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Global Warming Awareness Poster: Polar Bears In The Desert (Image Credit: Luis Beltrán- http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/global-warming-alert-posters/)
  • 12. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Global Warming Awareness Poster: Don’t Wait Until The Last Minute (Image Credit: Francisco Rodriguez - http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/global-warming-alert-posters/)
  • 13. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing? Various photos and examples of the effect of Global Warming around the world. Climate Change Poster (https://www.google.com/)
  • 14. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Climate Change: Global Vulnerability (Source: http://google.com)
  • 15. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Climate Change: Global Vulnerability (Source: http://google.com)
  • 16. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Climate Change: Vulnerable Cities (Source: http://google.com)
  • 17. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing (Source: http://topics.time.com/global-warming/pictures) NEEM researchers measure climate change using air captured in ancient ice.
  • 18. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing (Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/05) (Perito Moreno Glacier pictured) Melting Blitz In South America High in the Peruvian Andes, parts of the world's largest tropical ice sheet have melted at an unbelievable pace. Scientists found that significant portions of the Quelccaya Ice Cap that took over 1,600 years to form have melted in only 25 years.
  • 19. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing (Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/05/) Argentina's Upsala Glacier was once the biggest in South America, but it is now disappearing at a rate of 200 meters per year.
  • 20. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing (Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/05/) Glacial Change: Rhone glacier in Valais, Switzerland (Gary Braash) In 2001, the glacier had shrunk by some 2.5km, and its 'snout' had shifted about 450 meters higher up.
  • 21. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing (Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/05/) Rising Tides Cape Hatteras in North Carolina in the USA, pictured in 1999 and 2004.
  • 22. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing (Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/05/) Vanishing islands Tuvalu in the Pacific.
  • 23. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing (Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/05/) No Snow: Mount Hood in Oregon at the same time in late summer in 1985 and 2002.
  • 24. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing (Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/05/) More Pests: Damage to White Spruce trees in Alaska caused by the pests.
  • 25. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing (Source: http://topics.time.com/global-warming/pictures/) Tarawa atoll, Kiribati: Fearing that climate change could wipe out their entire Pacific archipelago, the leaders of Kiribati are considering an unusual backup plan: moving the populace to Fiji.
  • 26. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing (Source: http://topics.time.com/global-warming/pictures/) Great Barrier Reef: "Where has all the color gone?" Parts of the Great Barrier Reef have undergone an aesthetic decline reflecting the dangers from global warming that the vast, fragile ecosystem faces.
  • 27. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing: (Source: http://topics.time.com/global-warming/pictures/) The IPCC climate report says scientists are 95% certain that humans are the "dominant cause" of global warming, adding that a 'pause in warming over the past 15 years is too short to reflect long-term trends’.
  • 28. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing (Source: http://topics.time.com/global-warming/pictures/) A Mighty Wind: The dramatic and rapid loss of sea ice in recent years has consequences beyond the Arctic. Scientists have found the melting shifts the position of the Jet Stream, bringing cold Arctic air further south and increasing the odds of intense snow storms and extreme spring weather.
  • 29. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing (Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/05) (TONY KARUMBA/AFP/Getty Images) An International Tragedy: Research by British government found that climate change may have contributed to a famine in East Africa that killed between 50,000 and 100,000 people in 2010 and 2011. At least 24 percent of the cause of a lack of major rains in 2011 can be attributed to man-made greenhouse gases, Met Office modeling showed.
  • 30. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How The World Is Changing (Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/05) Experts speculate that warming oceans may have played a part in a strain of herpes that has killed Pacific oysters in Europe in recent years.
  • 31. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How Global Warming Is Changing Our Everyday Lives Various photos and examples of the effect of Global Warming during our everyday lives and routines. Climate Change Poster (https://www.google.com/)
  • 32. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Climate Change Chart (Source: http://google.com)
  • 33. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Climate Change: Effects on Human Health (Source: http://google.com)
  • 34. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Climate Change: Effects on Human Health (Source: http://google.com)
  • 35. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Climate Change: Effects on Human Health (Source: http://google.com)
  • 36. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How Our Lives Are Changing: (Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/05) Worsening Allergies: The spring 2013 allergy season could be one of the worst ever, thanks to climate change. Experts say that increased precipitation, along with an early spring, late-ending fall and higher levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide may bring more pollen from plants and increased mold and fungal growth.
  • 37. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How Our Lives Are Changing: (Source: http://topics.time.com/global-warming/pictures/) Fish catches could be hurt by climate change.
  • 38. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How Our Lives Are Changing: (Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/05) Wine To Go? Along with other agricultural impacts, climate change may have a dramatic effect on the world's most famous winemaking regions in coming decades. Areas suitable for grape cultivation may shrink, and temperature changes may impact the signature taste of wines from certain regions.
  • 39. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How Our Lives Are Changing: (Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/05) A Cold Cup Of Coffee: Climate change may dramatically shrink the area suitable for coffee cultivation by the end of the century and cause the extinction of Arabica coffee plants in the wild. Starbucks has already declared that "Addressing climate change is a priority."
  • 40. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How Our Lives Are Changing: (Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/05) Sour Apples: Apples produced in one Himalayan state of India are already losing their taste and even turning sour, experts say. Increased rainfall and erratic weather in the region mean less than ideal conditions for famously-sweet Kashmiri apples.
  • 41. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi How Our Lives Are Changing: (Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/05) Less Time On The Chair Lift: Climate change means warmer winters in northern latitudes and a shorter ski season. By 2039, more than half of the Northeast's ski resorts will not be able to maintain a 100-day season, according to the New York Times. Ski areas will be less likely to receive regular snowfall, and warmer daily low temperatures mean fewer opportunities for snowmaking.
  • 42. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture Mitigation and Adaption Climate Change Poster (https://www.google.com/)
  • 43. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture: (Ref: OECD (2009), "Climate Change and Agriculture: Impacts, Adaptation, Mitigation and Options for the OECD“)  Agriculture is particularly vulnerable to climate change.  IPCC projections to 2050 suggest both an increase in global mean temperatures and increased weather variability, with implications for the agricultural production worldwide.  While some regions of the world may benefit from improved conditions, the overall effect of climate change is nonetheless expected to be negative for global agricultural production if no action is taken. Source: (https://adsofthe world.com/)
  • 44. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture: (Ref: OECD (2009), "Climate Change and Agriculture: Impacts, Adaptation, Mitigation and Options for the OECD“)  As agricultural production increases, resource constraints, particularly water, will become tighter.  Agriculture globally accounts for about 70% of the world’s freshwater withdrawals.  Climate change is expected to alter the seasonal timing of rainfall and snow pack melt and result in a higher incidence and severity of floods and droughts.  Agriculture can both contribute to mitigation and sequestration of carbon emissions.  Mitigation:  Significant mitigation in Agriculture can be achieved through:  improved cropland and grazing land management, restoration of degraded lands, and land use change (e.g. agro-forestry).
  • 45. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture: (Ref: OECD (2009), "Climate Change and Agriculture: Impacts, Adaptation, Mitigation and Options for the OECD“)  Adaptation:  This may range from:  Altering farm management practices to adoption of new varieties, crops, and animal breeds more appropriate to future climate conditions.  Both rain-fed and irrigated agriculture will need to be managed more sustainably to reduce resulting production risks.  Policy Response:  Government policy can play an important role in maintaining a viable agriculture in the face of climate change.  Mitigation and adaptation approaches will need to be strengthened.  These will be more effective if they are embedded in longer-term strategies linked to agricultural policy reform, risk management, research and development, and market-based approaches.  Examples include: crop and disaster insurance, research into crop varieties better adapted to changing climatic conditions, and incentives for more efficient use of water.
  • 46. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture: (Source: www.google.com)
  • 47. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture: (Source: www.google.com)
  • 48. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture: (Source: www.google.com)
  • 49. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi So What Are We Doing? Examples of what we are doing around the globe to stop the clocks against Global Warming. Climate Change Poster (https://www.google.com/)
  • 50. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi So What Are We Doing? “Rally Against Global Warming” (http://topics.time.com/global-warming/pictures/) Demonstrators take part in the protest against climate change in the center of Copenhagen.
  • 51. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi So What Are We Doing? “Rally Against Global Warming” (http://topics.time.com/global-warming/pictures/) Protesters rally outside the Conference of the Parties of the U.N. Climate Change venue in Durban, South Africa, on Nov. 28, 2011.
  • 52. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi So What Are We Doing? “Rally Against Global Warming” (http://topics.time.com/global-warming/pictures/) Students and Washington residents concerned about global warming gathered in front of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, Saturday, April 14, 2007, to urge Congress to cut carbon dioxide emissions by 80% by 2050
  • 53. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi So What Are We Doing? (http://topics.time.com/global-warming/pictures/) United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon (left) speaks at the United Nations during a High Level event on Climate Change.
  • 54. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi So What Are We Doing? Climate Change Poster (https://www.google.com/)
  • 55. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi So What Are We Doing? Climate Change Poster (https://www.google.com/)
  • 56. A Digital Artifact by Mohammed Rabbi Our Earth…. Our Future. (Source: https://www.google.com/)