Indian Nationalism

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Is Gandhi a "Renegade?"

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Indian Nationalism

  1. 1. Is Gandhi a ‘Renegade?’
  2. 3. Zack de la Rocha Lead Singer, Rage Against the Machine According to Zack de la Rocha… What is a ‘Renegade?’ “ Since the Prehistoric Ages and the days of Ancient Greece, Right down through the Middle Ages, Planet Earth kept going through changes. And then the Renaissance came, and times continued to change, Nothing stayed the same, but there were always Renegades.” Why might Dr. Martin Luther King be considered a ‘Renegade’?
  3. 4. Objectives: Students will define civil disobedience Students will identify specific methods of civil disobedience used by Gandhi Students will explain the long-lasting effects of Gandhi’s nationalist movement
  4. 5. What were the effects of WWI? Treaty of Versailles Great Depression Rise of Fascism / Nazism Nationalism in Africa & the Middle East Mohandas K. Gandhi Where did Indian Nationalism begin? Japan Germany Italy
  5. 6. What’s wrong with this picture?
  6. 7. Imperialism One country’s domination of the political, economic, and social life of another country. Nationalism Pride in one’s own nation; the desire for independence What is the relationship between the two?
  7. 8. Indian Nationalism <ul><li>Sepoy Rebellion - 1857 </li></ul><ul><li>Massacres on both sides </li></ul><ul><li>British tighten control </li></ul><ul><li>Economic development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roads, railroads, schools, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>British needs come first </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton instead of wheat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food shortage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Millions dead </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Indian National Congress - 1885 </li></ul><ul><li>Movement toward self-rule </li></ul><ul><li>Peaceful, organized protests </li></ul><ul><li>Long road ahead </li></ul>Indian Nationalism
  9. 12. <ul><li>Amritsar Massacre - 1919 </li></ul><ul><li>Peaceful, organized, unarmed protest </li></ul><ul><li>British law – no assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Block the entrance, open fire </li></ul><ul><li>Kill men, women, and children </li></ul>Indian Nationalism “ I fired and continued to fire until the crowd dispersed, and I consider this is the least amount of firing which would produce the necessary moral effect …. If more troops had been at hand, the casualties would have been greater.” ~ British Commander
  10. 13. Is a law still a law if it is unjust?
  11. 14. <ul><li>Mohandas K. Gandhi: The Mahatma </li></ul><ul><li>Civil disobedience : refusal to obey laws that are considered to be unjust </li></ul><ul><li>Pacifist: Opposed to war & violence </li></ul><ul><li>Mahatma : Great Soul </li></ul><ul><li>Satyagraha: Truth Force </li></ul>Indian Nationalism
  12. 16. <ul><li>The Homespun Movement </li></ul><ul><li>Self-sufficiency, boycott of British goods </li></ul><ul><li>Spinning wheel becomes symbol of INC </li></ul><ul><li>Wears nothing but homespun clothes for rest of life </li></ul>Indian Nationalism
  13. 18. <ul><li>The Salt March - 1930 </li></ul><ul><li>British controlled Indian salt mines </li></ul><ul><li>Gandhi defies British law </li></ul><ul><li>Leads 200 mile march to the Sea </li></ul><ul><li>Gains international attention </li></ul><ul><li>British loosen grip </li></ul><ul><li>Government of India Act (1935) </li></ul>Indian Nationalism
  14. 19. What methods did Gandhi use in India’s struggle for independence from British rule?
  15. 20. First they ignore you Then they laugh at you. Then they fight you. Then you win. Nonviolence
  16. 21. “ Renegades are the people with their own philosophies; They change the course of history.” ~Zack de la Rocha <ul><li>Exit Slip </li></ul><ul><li>Is Gandhi a ‘Renegade’? </li></ul><ul><li>What was his philosophy? </li></ul><ul><li>What are two ways he put his philosophy to action? </li></ul><ul><li>How did he “change the course of history?” </li></ul><ul><li>(who, what did he influence?) </li></ul>
  17. 22. Objectives: Students will define civil disobedience Students will identify specific methods of civil disobedience used by Gandhi Students will explain the long-lasting effects of Gandhi’s nationalist movement
  18. 23. Homework Worksheet 9 (China’s Renegades!)
  19. 24. <ul><ul><li>If you have it, you want to share it. If you share it, you don't have it. What is it? </li></ul></ul>

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