R.G. Estrella
Another Estrella Presentation!
Chapter 20 & 21 Risks of Adolescent Sexual Activity /
HIV-AIDS
R.G. Estrella
Famous Quotes
“There are no
problems, only
solutions.”
—John Lennon
Risks of Adolescent Sexual ActivityChapt...
R.G. Estrella
Risks of Adolescent Sexual Activity
Contents
• Section 1 What Are the
Risks?
• Section 2 What Are
Sexually T...
R.G. Estrella
Section 1 What Are the Risks?
Ch-20 Warm Up #1
• List the responsibilities
of a teen parent. (1Par.)
How do ...
R.G. Estrella
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Section 1 What Are the Risks?
Risks of Teen ...
R.G. Estrella
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Section 1 What Are the Risks?Chapter 20
1. L...
R.G. Estrella
Section 1 What Are the Risks?
Teen Pregnancy
• 1 in 10 female teenagers
gets pregnant each year.
• 4 in 10 o...
R.G. Estrella
Section 1 What Are the Risks?
Teen Pregnancy
• Other reasons to avoid being a teen parent include:
Chapter 2...
R.G. Estrella
Section 1 What Are the Risks?
Title: Ch-20 Section 1 Review
1. How many teenage girls get pregnant every yea...
R.G. Estrella
Section 2 What Are Sexually
Transmitted Diseases?
Ch.20 Warm-Up #2
1. List 3 behaviors that put
you at risk ...
R.G. Estrella
• Oral Sex: Putting mouth to penis
or vulva.
• Anal Sex: Placing the penis inside
the anus.
• Vaginal Interc...
R.G. Estrella
Discharge: a
fluid coming
out.
Chapter 20 Section 2 What Are Sexually
Transmitted Diseases?
R.G. Estrella
• Cultures: taking a sample
of your fluid and growing
any bacteria that may be
present.
• Antimicrobial: als...
R.G. Estrella
STDs: The Silent
Epidemic
• An epidemic is the
occurrence of more
cases of a disease
than expected.
• STDs a...
R.G. Estrella
STDs: The Silent Epidemic
• Many STDs are
asymptomatic, which means
you can have the disease
without any sym...
R.G. Estrella
STDs and Teens
• Behaviors that put teens at
risk of STDs include:
Chapter 20
• being sexually active
• havi...
R.G. Estrella
CH–20 Section 2 Review
Define the following:
• Oral Sex
• Anal Sex
• Vaginal Intercourse
• Spotting
• Sympto...
R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Common STDs
Ch-20 Warm Up #3
• List all the ways that
STDs are transmitted
from one person to
anot...
R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Common STDs
How Are STDs Spread?
•Ways that STDs are spread include:
Chapter 20
• contact with bod...
R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Common STDs
• Most STDs CANNOT be spread by the following:
Chapter 20
• Kissing
• Sharing eating u...
R.G. Estrella
Bacterial Sexually Transmitted Infections: can be killed with antibiotics.
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
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Name of STD Organism Symptoms - Notes Cure
R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20
Gonorrhea
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Gonorrhea
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
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Gonorrhea
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
Urine Test
R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20
Syphilis
R.G. Estrella
Syphilis
Chancres - shāng'kər
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
R.G. Estrella
Syphilis - a chancre
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
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Syphilis
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
R.G. Estrella
Syphilis – a rash
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
Blood TestSyphillis_A.flv Syphilis Girl
R.G. Estrella
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20
CHLAMYDIA
R.G. Estrella
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
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Chlamydia
Understanding Chlamydia
Hey There Chlamydia
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
Urine Test
R.G. Estrella
Bacterial Vaginosis
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
When different types of bacteria
outnumber the normal b...
R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
(PID)
R.G. Estrella
PID: inflammation of the
upper female
reproductive tract
caused by bacteria.
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
R.G. Estrella
Ch-20 Section 3 Review #1 STDs
1. Define abnormal discharge
2. Define antibiotics
What might be a sign that ...
R.G. Estrella
Sexually Transmitted Infections - Viral
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20
HPV: Human Papilloma Virus – about 30 are sexual.
R.G. Estrella
HPV on the cervix
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
R.G. Estrella
HPV: Genital Warts on vulva
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
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HPV: Genital Warts on penis
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
HPV_A.flv
Genital Herpes Help_B
R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20
Herpes Simplex Virus 1 and 2
R.G. Estrella
HSV 1
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
R.G. Estrella
Genital Herpes – HSV-2
Early symptoms of an herpes outbreak include: itching or burning
sensation at the are...
R.G. Estrella
Genital Herpes – HSV 2
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
R.G. Estrella
Genital Herpes - males
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
R.G. Estrella
Herpes - females
Herpes in the cervix
seen through a
speculum during a
pap test
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common ...
R.G. Estrella
Major portion of genital herpes
appears to be on account of 
unprotected oral sex
Chapter 20 Section 3 Commo...
R.G. Estrella
Herpes Commercial
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
Blood Test
R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20
R.G. Estrella
Hepatitis B & C
Jaundice: yellowing of
skin
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
Hepatitis B
R.G. Estrella
Hepatitis patient?
STD’s: Straight
Talk - VHS
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
R.G. Estrella
Ch-20 Section 3 Review #2 STDs
For #1-4, what might be a sign that you have any of the
following? Additional...
R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20
R.G. Estrella
Pubic Lice
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
R.G. Estrella
Scabies
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
Scabies in Microscope
Caused by the Human Itch Mite
R.G. Estrella
Trichomoniasis
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
R.G. Estrella
• Trichomoniasis, sometimes referred to as "trich"
or "fishy fanny syndrome" because of the smell
associated...
R.G. Estrella
Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
DISPROOF:
Discharge,
Itchiness,
Sores,
Pain,
Rash or
Redness,
Organisms,
Od...
R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Common STDs
Being Responsible About STDs
• If you think you might have an STD:
Chapter 20
• get me...
R.G. Estrella
Click below to watch the Brain Food Video Quiz that
accompanies this chapter.
You may stop the video at any ...
R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Common STDs
Title: Ch-20 Section 3 Review
• 1. Describe how STDs can
be spread from one person to
...
R.G. Estrella
Ch-21 Warm Up #1
• List 5 things you know about HIV and how HIV
infects the body.
Chapter 21 Section 1 HIV a...
R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20
HIV: Human Immuno-deficiency Virus
R.G. Estrella
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Section 1 HIV and AIDS Today
What is HIV?
• ...
R.G. Estrella
Section 1 HIV and AIDS Today
HIV Around the World
• Most scientists think HIV
originally came from Africa.
•...
R.G. Estrella
Section 1 HIV and AIDS Today
HIV Around the World
• About 33 million people
had HIV in 2008.
• Almost 2 mill...
R.G. Estrella
Section 1 HIV and AIDS TodayChapter 21
R.G. Estrella
R.G. Estrella
Section 1 HIV and AIDS Today
What is AIDS?
• People with AIDS cannot fight
off illnesses that a healthy
immu...
R.G. Estrella
HIV
•Helper T cells (CD4+ cells) are the white blood cells that activate the
immune response and that are th...
R.G. Estrella
• There is more than one
type of HIV virus, i.e. HIV-
1 and HIV-2. Different
types are called “strains.”
Peo...
R.G. Estrella
Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS
Healthy Person has about 100 T-Cells in 1 drop of blood.
AID...
R.G. Estrella
AIDS
Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS
R.G. Estrella
Ways That HIV Is Spread
3 main ways that HIV is spread.
Chapter 21
1. during sexual activity, which
includes...
R.G. Estrella
Again…
Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS
R.G. Estrella
Ways That HIV Is Spread
• HIV is NOT spread by the following:
Chapter 21
• casual contact, including
shaking...
R.G. Estrella
Homework
R.G. Estrella
Homework Art Work
• Due Dec. 14 (Tuesday)
• Original art work
• Theme is “Facing AIDS”
• 8 ½” x 11”
• Or 9” ...
R.G. Estrella
The End!!!
Chapter 20 & 21 Risks of Adolescent Sexual Activity
& HIV / AIDS
What is wrong with
you people? W...
R.G. Estrella
Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS
Chapter 21 Review
1. What does the immune system do?
2. What...
R.G. Estrella
CW: 10 Multiple Choice on BC
HW: 10 Multiple Choice on STDs
• Write 3 answers to choose from
• Circle the co...
R.G. Estrella
• Don Francis is an American
epidemiologist who worked on the
Ebola outbreak in Africa in the late
1970s, an...
R.G. Estrella
•And The Band Played On
Photos
•Don Francis – Wikipedia
•Centers for Disease
Control
Chapter 21 Section 2 Un...
R.G. Estrella
Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS
Using “On beating HIV” magazine
On Bottom Right Corner – Ful...
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  • Health ch 20 sexual activity risks

    1. 1. R.G. Estrella Another Estrella Presentation! Chapter 20 & 21 Risks of Adolescent Sexual Activity / HIV-AIDS
    2. 2. R.G. Estrella Famous Quotes “There are no problems, only solutions.” —John Lennon Risks of Adolescent Sexual ActivityChapter 20
    3. 3. R.G. Estrella Risks of Adolescent Sexual Activity Contents • Section 1 What Are the Risks? • Section 2 What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases? • Section 3 Common STDs Chapter 20
    4. 4. R.G. Estrella Section 1 What Are the Risks? Ch-20 Warm Up #1 • List the responsibilities of a teen parent. (1Par.) How do these compare to the responsibilities of a teen who is not a parent? (1 Par.) Chapter 20 Collect HW: Section 1 Pgs. 476-479 5 Facts/PageCollect HW: Section 1 Pgs. 476-479 5 Facts/Page
    5. 5. R.G. Estrella Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Section 1 What Are the Risks? Risks of Teen Sexual Activity • Possible consequences of teen sexual activity include: Chapter 20 1. Loss of self-esteem – loss of respect at school 2. Unplanned pregnancy 3. Sexually transmitted diseases 4. Religion 5. Parents disappointed 6. Not finishing your education 7. Is it really love or are you being used for sex? • Abstinence is the only sure way to eliminate the risks of teen sexual activity.
    6. 6. R.G. Estrella Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Section 1 What Are the Risks?Chapter 20 1. Loss of self-esteem – loss of respect at school 2. Unplanned pregnancy 3. Sexually transmitted diseases 4. Religion 5. Parents disappointed 6. Not finishing your education 7. Is it really love or are you being used for sex? Consequences of Teen Sex • Write about your two biggest concerns you have about teen sex? Why is it a concern? Include consequences, alternatives, how would it affect your life? How would it affect your gf / bf’s life?
    7. 7. R.G. Estrella Section 1 What Are the Risks? Teen Pregnancy • 1 in 10 female teenagers gets pregnant each year. • 4 in 10 of all girls become pregnant before they reach age 20. • Teen pregnancies are hard on the mother’s health. • Babies born to teen mothers are more likely to have health problems. Chapter 20
    8. 8. R.G. Estrella Section 1 What Are the Risks? Teen Pregnancy • Other reasons to avoid being a teen parent include: Chapter 20 • Less time for yourself. • Most teen mothers don’t marry the father. • Most pregnant teens do not finish high school. • Parents are legally responsible for their child’s well-being. • On average, teen fathers make less money than male teens who are not fathers. Teen Pregnancy Trap Video
    9. 9. R.G. Estrella Section 1 What Are the Risks? Title: Ch-20 Section 1 Review 1. How many teenage girls get pregnant every year – the fraction? 2. How many girls will get pregnant by the time they’re 20 years old? 3. What is abstinence? 4. Identify the 5 possible consequences, especially for teens, of sexual activity before marriage. 5. How would anyone’s life be affected if they were currently pregnant? Write a couple of detailed paragraphs describing what you think would really happen to you now and to your goals. Include parent reactions. Chapter 20 HW: Pgs. 480-482 5 Facts/PageHW: Pgs. 480-482 5 Facts/Page
    10. 10. R.G. Estrella Section 2 What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases? Ch.20 Warm-Up #2 1. List 3 behaviors that put you at risk for sexually transmitted diseases. 2. List 3 behaviors that prevent you from being at risk. Chapter 20
    11. 11. R.G. Estrella • Oral Sex: Putting mouth to penis or vulva. • Anal Sex: Placing the penis inside the anus. • Vaginal Intercourse: Placing the penis inside the vagina. • Spotting: drops of blood coming out of the vagina. • Symptoms: what the signs you see are. • Diagnosis: what the doctor believes the illness is. Chapter 20 Section 2 What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases?
    12. 12. R.G. Estrella Discharge: a fluid coming out. Chapter 20 Section 2 What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases?
    13. 13. R.G. Estrella • Cultures: taking a sample of your fluid and growing any bacteria that may be present. • Antimicrobial: also known as antibiotics, kill bacteria. • Outbreak: An attack of the illness. Showing symptoms. Chapter 20 Section 2 What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases?
    14. 14. R.G. Estrella STDs: The Silent Epidemic • An epidemic is the occurrence of more cases of a disease than expected. • STDs are said to be a “silent epidemic” among teens and young adults. Chapter 20 Section 2 What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases? Chapter 20
    15. 15. R.G. Estrella STDs: The Silent Epidemic • Many STDs are asymptomatic, which means you can have the disease without any symptoms. • When there are no symptoms, a person may spread the disease without knowing it. • Sexually active people should undergo regular testing for STDs. Chapter 20 Section 2 What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases? Chapter 20
    16. 16. R.G. Estrella STDs and Teens • Behaviors that put teens at risk of STDs include: Chapter 20 • being sexually active • having more than one sexual partner • having a sexual partner who has had multiple sexual partners • using alcohol or drugs Section 2 What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases? Chapter 20 I Should Have Waited DVD
    17. 17. R.G. Estrella CH–20 Section 2 Review Define the following: • Oral Sex • Anal Sex • Vaginal Intercourse • Spotting • Symptoms • Diagnosis • Discharge • Asymptomatic • Antimicrobial • Culture Chapter 20 Section 2 What Are Sexually Transmitted Diseases? HW: Pgs. 484-490 5 Facts/PageHW: Pgs. 484-490 5 Facts/Page
    18. 18. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Common STDs Ch-20 Warm Up #3 • List all the ways that STDs are transmitted from one person to another. Chapter 20
    19. 19. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Common STDs How Are STDs Spread? •Ways that STDs are spread include: Chapter 20 • contact with body fluids from an infected person • sexual activity in which one person’s genitals contacts another person’s skin or mucous membranes • direct contact with open sores • a mother to her baby before or during birth, or during breast- feeding
    20. 20. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Common STDs • Most STDs CANNOT be spread by the following: Chapter 20 • Kissing • Sharing eating utensils • Holding hands • Using public toilets
    21. 21. R.G. Estrella Bacterial Sexually Transmitted Infections: can be killed with antibiotics. Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    22. 22. R.G. Estrella Name of STD Organism Symptoms - Notes Cure
    23. 23. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20 Gonorrhea
    24. 24. R.G. Estrella Gonorrhea Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    25. 25. R.G. Estrella Gonorrhea Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs Urine Test
    26. 26. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20 Syphilis
    27. 27. R.G. Estrella Syphilis Chancres - shāng'kər Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    28. 28. R.G. Estrella Syphilis - a chancre Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    29. 29. R.G. Estrella Syphilis Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    30. 30. R.G. Estrella Syphilis – a rash Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs Blood TestSyphillis_A.flv Syphilis Girl
    31. 31. R.G. Estrella Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20 CHLAMYDIA
    32. 32. R.G. Estrella Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    33. 33. R.G. Estrella Chlamydia Understanding Chlamydia Hey There Chlamydia Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs Urine Test
    34. 34. R.G. Estrella Bacterial Vaginosis Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs When different types of bacteria outnumber the normal bacteria, Lactobacillus, an imbalance is caused in the bacterial organisms that exist in the vagina. More than 50% of women with BV have no symptoms, when symptoms do occur they include: excessive, thin gray or white vaginal discharge that sticks to the vaginal walls, fishy or musty vaginal odor, most noticeable after sex, vaginal itching and irritation
    35. 35. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
    36. 36. R.G. Estrella PID: inflammation of the upper female reproductive tract caused by bacteria. Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    37. 37. R.G. Estrella Ch-20 Section 3 Review #1 STDs 1. Define abnormal discharge 2. Define antibiotics What might be a sign that you have any of the following? 3. Syphilis 4. Gonorrhea 5. Chlamydia 6. Bacterial Vaginosis 7. Describe a chancre 8. What could a rash on the palms mean? 9. What should a person do if he/she gets a rash on the genitals, but it goes away after a few days and it doesn’t come back? 10. What can happen if you don’t get medicine for STDs? Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    38. 38. R.G. Estrella Sexually Transmitted Infections - Viral Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    39. 39. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20 HPV: Human Papilloma Virus – about 30 are sexual.
    40. 40. R.G. Estrella HPV on the cervix Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    41. 41. R.G. Estrella HPV: Genital Warts on vulva Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    42. 42. R.G. Estrella HPV: Genital Warts on penis Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs HPV_A.flv Genital Herpes Help_B
    43. 43. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20 Herpes Simplex Virus 1 and 2
    44. 44. R.G. Estrella HSV 1 Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    45. 45. R.G. Estrella Genital Herpes – HSV-2 Early symptoms of an herpes outbreak include: itching or burning sensation at the area where sores would appear, pain in the legs, buttocks, or genital area. Some women report discharge of fluid from the vagina and feel pressure in the abdomen prior to an outbreak. Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    46. 46. R.G. Estrella Genital Herpes – HSV 2 Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    47. 47. R.G. Estrella Genital Herpes - males Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    48. 48. R.G. Estrella Herpes - females Herpes in the cervix seen through a speculum during a pap test Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    49. 49. R.G. Estrella Major portion of genital herpes appears to be on account of  unprotected oral sex Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    50. 50. R.G. Estrella Herpes Commercial Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs Blood Test
    51. 51. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20
    52. 52. R.G. Estrella Hepatitis B & C Jaundice: yellowing of skin Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs Hepatitis B
    53. 53. R.G. Estrella Hepatitis patient? STD’s: Straight Talk - VHS Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    54. 54. R.G. Estrella Ch-20 Section 3 Review #2 STDs For #1-4, what might be a sign that you have any of the following? Additionally, state if it is a virus or bacteria. 1. HPV 2. Herpes Virus #1 3. Herpes Virus #2 4. Hepatitis 5. How many types of HPVs are there? 6. What is dangerous about some HPV? 7. What is gross about some HPV? 8. What is PID? 9. What does outbreak mean? 10. Explain how HPV can be detected. Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    55. 55. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20
    56. 56. R.G. Estrella Pubic Lice Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    57. 57. R.G. Estrella Scabies Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs Scabies in Microscope Caused by the Human Itch Mite
    58. 58. R.G. Estrella Trichomoniasis Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs
    59. 59. R.G. Estrella • Trichomoniasis, sometimes referred to as "trich" or "fishy fanny syndrome" because of the smell associated there-with, is a common cause of vaginitis. It is a sexually transmitted disease. It is caused by the single-celled protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis by producing mechanical stress on host cells and then ingesting cell fragments after cell death [1] Trichomoniasis is primarily an infection of the urogenital tract; the most common site of infection is the urethra and the vagina in women.
    60. 60. R.G. Estrella Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs DISPROOF: Discharge, Itchiness, Sores, Pain, Rash or Redness, Organisms, Odor – (unusual), Fever.
    61. 61. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Common STDs Being Responsible About STDs • If you think you might have an STD: Chapter 20 • get medical help right away. • complete the full course of medications. • have follow-up testing • avoid all sexual activity while being treated. • notify all sexual partners.
    62. 62. R.G. Estrella Click below to watch the Brain Food Video Quiz that accompanies this chapter. You may stop the video at any time by pressing the Esc key. Brain Food Video Quiz Chapter 20 Risks of Adolescent Sexual Activity
    63. 63. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Common STDs Title: Ch-20 Section 3 Review • 1. Describe how STDs can be spread from one person to another. • 2. List examples of ways in which STDs can damage a person’s health. • 3. State the responsibilities of people who think they may be infected with an STD. Chapter 20 HW: Ch-21 Sec 1 Pgs. 496-499 5 Facts/PageHW: Ch-21 Sec 1 Pgs. 496-499 5 Facts/Page
    64. 64. R.G. Estrella Ch-21 Warm Up #1 • List 5 things you know about HIV and how HIV infects the body. Chapter 21 Section 1 HIV and AIDS Today
    65. 65. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Common STDsChapter 20 HIV: Human Immuno-deficiency Virus
    66. 66. R.G. Estrella Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Section 1 HIV and AIDS Today What is HIV? • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that primarily affects cells of the immune system and that causes AIDS. Chapter 21
    67. 67. R.G. Estrella Section 1 HIV and AIDS Today HIV Around the World • Most scientists think HIV originally came from Africa. • AIDS is the leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa. Chapter 21
    68. 68. R.G. Estrella Section 1 HIV and AIDS Today HIV Around the World • About 33 million people had HIV in 2008. • Almost 2 million died from AIDS in 2008. • More than 25 million =(500 Stadiums) people have died from AIDS since HIV was first discovered around 20 years ago. Chapter 21
    69. 69. R.G. Estrella Section 1 HIV and AIDS TodayChapter 21
    70. 70. R.G. Estrella
    71. 71. R.G. Estrella Section 1 HIV and AIDS Today What is AIDS? • People with AIDS cannot fight off illnesses that a healthy immune system could normally defeat. • It usually takes 5 to 10 years before a person infected with HIV develops AIDS. Chapter 21 HW: Ch-21 Sec. 2 Pgs. 500-504 5 Facts/PageHW: Ch-21 Sec. 2 Pgs. 500-504 5 Facts/Page
    72. 72. R.G. Estrella HIV •Helper T cells (CD4+ cells) are the white blood cells that activate the immune response and that are the primary target cells of HIV infection. Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS
    73. 73. R.G. Estrella • There is more than one type of HIV virus, i.e. HIV- 1 and HIV-2. Different types are called “strains.” People only infected with HIV-2 live longer than those infected with HIV-1. • Once in body, HIV attacks CD4 type of White Blood Cells (WBCs) in blood and gradually kills them. Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS
    74. 74. R.G. Estrella Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS Healthy Person has about 100 T-Cells in 1 drop of blood. AIDS  20 T-Cells in 1 drop of blood. 10 drops of blood = 1 mL of blood.
    75. 75. R.G. Estrella AIDS Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS
    76. 76. R.G. Estrella Ways That HIV Is Spread 3 main ways that HIV is spread. Chapter 21 1. during sexual activity, which includes vaginal, oral, and anal sex, with an infected person 2. through sharing needles or other intravenous injection equipment with an infected person 3. from an infected mother to her infant before or during the birth process or by breast- feeding. Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS
    77. 77. R.G. Estrella Again… Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS
    78. 78. R.G. Estrella Ways That HIV Is Spread • HIV is NOT spread by the following: Chapter 21 • casual contact, including shaking hands, holding hands, kissing, hugging, or playing sports with an infected person • sharing bathroom facilities, drinking glasses, or eating utensils Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS
    79. 79. R.G. Estrella Homework
    80. 80. R.G. Estrella Homework Art Work • Due Dec. 14 (Tuesday) • Original art work • Theme is “Facing AIDS” • 8 ½” x 11” • Or 9” x 12” • Paint, colored markers, colored pencils, crayons • Correct spelling • On back: • Full Name • MCLC • Mr. Estrella • Period
    81. 81. R.G. Estrella The End!!! Chapter 20 & 21 Risks of Adolescent Sexual Activity & HIV / AIDS What is wrong with you people? Wear a condom!
    82. 82. R.G. Estrella Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS Chapter 21 Review 1. What does the immune system do? 2. What is the virus that primarily affects cells of the immune system and that causes AIDS. 3. How many people have died from AIDS since HIV was first discovered around 1980? 4. What can the bodies of AIDS patients not do? 5. When does HIV become AIDS? 6. Describe three ways that HIV is spread and three ways it is not. This work makes me sooo angry! “Bad Kitty!”
    83. 83. R.G. Estrella CW: 10 Multiple Choice on BC HW: 10 Multiple Choice on STDs • Write 3 answers to choose from • Circle the correct answer • No ridiculous questions/answers • No “true/false” or “yes/no” answers Chapter 20 Section 3 Common STDs K, children, please… just do your work. Everyone, calm down, kay… HW: Chapter #?HW: Chapter #? Pgs. #? 5 Facts/PagePgs. #? 5 Facts/Page
    84. 84. R.G. Estrella • Don Francis is an American epidemiologist who worked on the Ebola outbreak in Africa in the late 1970s, and helped discover HIV and AIDS. Review: • CDC: Centers for Disease Control, best doctors in U.S. • Ebola Virus: deadly African virus • Ronald Reagan: president who did not fund AIDS research. • GRID: Gay Related Immunodeficiency Virus • Blood Supply: hospital blood • French Doctors raced to find the cause of the disease. • Dr. Gallo: American researcher who specialized in viruses, kind of stuck up. Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS Band Played On DVD
    85. 85. R.G. Estrella •And The Band Played On Photos •Don Francis – Wikipedia •Centers for Disease Control Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS Dr Don Francis Gaetan Dugas French-Canadian airline steward identified by Shilts as “Patient Zero.” Died of AIDS in 1984. •He retired from the U.S. Public Health Service in 1992, after 21 years of service. According to him, the White House (then under the administration of George H.W. Bush) wanted him fired, but in order to evade controversy he quietly "retired". He currently lives in San Francisco, California.
    86. 86. R.G. Estrella Chapter 21 Section 2 Understanding HIV and AIDS Using “On beating HIV” magazine On Bottom Right Corner – Full Name, Per., Date (ink) •P.3 The Myth Maker •P.6 Fill Out Completely (2) •P.7 Fill Out (4) •P.11 Fill Out •P. 14 Fill Out •P. 15 Fill Out •P. 18 Fill Out
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