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This man’s-on
Drugs!

Another Estrella Production
Chapter 12

Illegal Drugs
Contents

•
•
•
•

Section 1 Drugs of Abuse
Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs
Section 3 Other Drug...
Chapter 12

Section 1 Drugs of Abuse

Bellringer
• List several drugs that you
think are commonly
abused. Why do you think...
Section 1 Drugs of Abuse

• Addiction: physically or psychologically dependent
• When it interferes with your responsibili...
Chapter 12

Section 1 Drugs of Abuse

Illegal Drug Use Is Dangerous
• Drugs used for recreational
purposes are called drug...
Chapter 12

Section 1 Drugs of Abuse

Why Do People Begin Using Drugs?
• Some of the reasons people try illegal drugs incl...
Chapter 12

Section 1 Drugs of Abuse

Why Do People Begin Using Drugs?
• Some of the reasons people try illegal drugs incl...
Chapter 12

Section 1 Drugs of Abuse

Why Do People Begin Using Drugs?
• Some of the reasons people try illegal drugs incl...
Chapter 12

Section 1 Drugs of Abuse

Why Do People Begin Using Drugs?
• Some of the reasons people try illegal drugs incl...
Chapter 12

Section 1 Drugs of Abuse

Why Do People Begin Using Drugs?
• Some of the reasons people try illegal drugs incl...
Chapter 12

Section 1 Drugs of Abuse

Why Do People Begin Using Drugs?
• Some of the reasons people try illegal drugs incl...
Chapter 12

Section 1 Drugs of Abuse

Teens and Illegal Drug use
Teens have a higher risk of
addiction to drugs than adult...
Chapter 12

Section 1 Drugs of Abuse
Ch-12 Drugs of Abuse Review

1. List three ways illegal drug use can be
dangerous.
2....
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

7 Groups of Abused Drugs
1. Hallucinogens /
Psychedelics
A. -Cannabinoids
B. ...
7 Groups of Abused Drugs
Name of Drug
Group
Marijuana

Full Name
Period
Health
Effects

Hallucinogens - Euphoria;
Cannabin...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Cannabinoids - Marijuana
• Marijuana is also known as:
• Blunt, dope, ganja, ...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Cannabinoids - Marijuana
• The dried leaves and dried
flower buds from the
Ca...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Cannabinoids - Marijuana
• Lowers testosterone levels and
sperm numbers
• In ...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Cannabinoids - Marijuana
• Smokers often sustain lung
damage from the smoke.
...
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12

Cannabinoids - Marijuana
• Regular use creates
tolerance -you need more
and m...
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12

Cannabinoids - Marijuana
•It affects short-term memory
and comprehension. - “...
Marijuana Review
1. Emphysema
2. What are three dangers of
marijuana?
3. What is tolerance.
4. What is the name of the pla...
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12

Cannabinoids - Marijuana
• This man and a friend
were smoking marijuana
and d...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Cannabinoids - Marijuana
• This young man committed
suicide by taping an
elec...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Cannabinoids - Marijuana
• The woman was coming
home from a party. She
failed...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Marijuana Review
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

What major & sub group does mari...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Cannabinoids - Hash
•Hashish (Boom, gangster,
hash, hash oil, hemp) is
compos...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Cannabinoids - Hash
Effects: Euphoria; relaxation;
slowed reaction time;
dist...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Cannabinoids - Hash
•In terms of its psychoactive
effect, one or two drops of...
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12

Hallucinogens – LSD (Acid)
Lysergic acid diethylamide:
acid, blotter, cubes, ...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Hallucinogens – LSD (Acid)
• LSD is usually taken as
tablets or absorbed
thro...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Hallucinogens – LSD (Acid)

The effects of LSD can also
be frightening.
Can p...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Hallucinogens – LSD (Acid)
This young man used LSD and
was having a psychotic...
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12

Hallucinogens – LSD (Acid)
This young man shot himself
after making a tape re...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Hallucinogens – LSD (Acid)
He began his drug abuse by smoking
marijuana. On h...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Hallucinogens - Psilocybin
Magic mushrooms, purple
passion, shrooms, little s...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Hallucinogens - Psilocybin
• Psilocybin is a
naturally poisonous
species of m...
Hallucinogens - Mescaline
Buttons, cactus, peyote, mesc.
Effects: Altered states of
perception and feeling;
hallucinations...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Hallucinogens - Mescaline
I had a very bad experience with a drug called
mesc...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Hallucinogens - Mescaline
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs
Hallucinogens Review

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

What is Hash made from?
What are the sev...
Hallucinogens - Dissociative Drugs
a class of psychoactive drugs which reduce or block signals
to the conscious mind from ...
Hallucinogens Dissociative Drugs - Ketamine
• Ketamine: Ketalar SV: cat
Valium, K, Special K, vitamin K
Effects: Feelings ...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Hallucinogens Dissociative Drugs - PCP

Phencyclidine: angel dust, boat,
hog,...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Hallucinogens Dissociative Drugs - PCP
PCP is a white crystalline powder
whic...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Hallucinogens Dissociative Drugs - Salvia divinorum
Salvia, Shepherdess’s Her...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Hallucinogens Dissociative Drugs – Dextromethorphan-DXM
Robotripping, Robo, T...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Dissociative Drugs – Review
HW: P. 297-299 5 Facts/Page

1. What is euphoria?...
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12
Inhalants

Inhalants are drugs that are inhaled as vapors.
•Effects: stimulati...
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12
Inhalants

Inhalants are drugs that are inhaled as vapors.
Airplane Glue
Rubbe...
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12
Inhalants

A&E Intervention Allison PART 1

Signs of Abusing
Inhalants:
•paint...
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12
Inhalants

He and two friends went to a movie and
then sniffed silver spray pa...
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12
Inhalants

Andriej, 13, passes out after sniffing glue. He
is unable to eat. R...
Chapter 12
Inhalants
• Serious brain damage!
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12
Inhalants

Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome.
This means someone can die the 1st,...
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12
Inhalants

About three of every ten
sniffing deaths occur in
first-time users....
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12
Inhalants

Anesthetic gas & Nitrous oxide (laughing
gas) are common.
a hospita...
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12
Inhalants

Liver damage from
using inhalants.
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12
Inhalants

Inhalants VHS
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Inhalants Review
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.

What are three products used as
inhal...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Designer / Club Drugs

Flunitrazepam: Rohypnol: forget-me pill, Mexican
Valiu...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Designer / Club Drugs
•Club drugs, also called
designer drugs, are drugs
desi...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy
Effects: people enjoy
the mild
hallucinogenic...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy
Dangers: anxiety; chills;
sweating; teeth
cle...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy
• Men like women to
take it so they
might hav...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy

Ecstasy (MDMA) on regional cerebral blood
fl...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy
• An autopsy of a 26-year-old Canadian a long...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy
Ecstasy may
raise your body
temp. to deadly
l...
Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Chapter 12

Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy
Marissa

• A few hours after taking at
least ...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy
Lorna Spinks (19 yrs. old) died
19 minutes af...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Designer /Club Drugs - GHB
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate:
G, Georgia home boy,
grievou...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Designer /Club Drugs - GHB
GHB takes effect in 10-20
minutes and lasts 1-3 hou...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Designer /Club Drugs – Rohypnol or Flunitrazepam
Rohypnol: forget-me pill,
Mex...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Designer /Club Drugs - Flunitrazepam
Rohypnol effects begin
within 30 minutes,...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Club Drugs
Rohypnol can be
detected in urine up
to 72 hours after
ingestion, w...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Club Drugs – Date Rape Drugs
• What do I do if I think
I’ve been given a "Date...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Club Drugs – Date Rape Drugs
What do I do if I think
I’ve been given a "Date
R...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Club Drugs Review
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

What is another name for designer ...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Anabolic Steroids
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Anabolic Steroids
Effects: No intoxication. Easier to
grow muscle.
Dangers: A...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Anabolic Steroids
• are synthetic versions of the male
hormone testosterone t...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Anabolic Steroids
• The table on left
shows some of the
side effects of
anabo...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Anabolic Steroids
Self-Esteem
• One reason some athletes
choose to use steroi...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs

Steroid Review
1.
2.
3.

What are anabolic steroids used for?
What hormone do...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – caffeine & nicotine
• Caffeine and nicotine are mild,
legal stimu...
Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Chapter 12
Stimulants
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – Amphetamines
Biphetamine, Dexedrine:
bennies, black beauties,
cro...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – Amphetamines
Effects
•hyperactivity / talkativeness
•increased en...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – Methamphetamines
Desoxyn: meth, ice, crank,
chalk, crystal, fire,...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – Methamphetamines
Effects
•Exhilaration; more energy.
Dangers
•Dep...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – methamphetamines

Acetone, Denatured Alcohol, Lye,
Rat poison, St...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – methamphetamines
• Causes serious wrinkles /
aging
• Eventually c...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – methamphetamines
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – methamphetamines
Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Chapter 12

Stimulants – methamphetamines
Meth mouth
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – methamphetamines

Due to damaged
dopamine nerve
areas, users beco...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – methamphetamines

A 33-year-old man was
suicidal and high on
meth...
Chapter 12

Section 2 Commonly
Abused Drugs
Amphetamine & Meth Review

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

6.
7.
8.

What are the three princi...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – Cocaine
• Cocaine: In its pure form,
cocaine is a white crystalli...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – cocaine
• Cocaine hydrochloride: blow,
bump, C, candy, Charlie, c...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – cocaine
• Overdose and
heart attacks are
easy from
cocaine
Len Bi...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – cocaine
SPEEDBALL
Cocaine is a stimulant, and
after bingeing on c...
Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Chapter 12

Stimulants – cocaine

COCAINE FRENZY

A man ran from a house into the street s...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – cocaine

the woman’s son,
who was a cocaine
addict, tried to forc...
Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Chapter 12

Stimulants – cocaine
Chris Farley

SNL Matt Foley
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – crack cocaine
•Crack cocaine: is
cocaine that has not been
neutra...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants – crack cocaine
Prostitution
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Stimulants Review
1. List four common illegal stimulants.
2. List three danger...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Depressants - Alcohol
Effects: In low doses, euphoria, mild
stimulation, relax...
Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Chapter 12

Depressants - Alcohol
What does your brain do
to help you not die?
• Urinate! ...
Binge Drinking
Binge Drinking
Depressants - Alcohol

Alcohol
VHS
Alcohol Review
1. What two organs act as our filters?
2. How many drinks can a liver clean every hour?
3. What three thing...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Depressants / Barbiturates- Sedatives
Sedatives: -Sleeping
Pills
Effects: Make...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Depressants / Barbiturates - Tranquilizers
• Effects: Calm you
down. Slow down...
Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Chapter 12

Depressants / Barbiturates
• Very easy to die of
an overdose!

Judy Garland ha...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Depressants / Barbiturates
Marilyn Monroe
committed suicide using
the sedative...
Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Chapter 12

Depressants / Barbiturates
• Barbiturates
and alcohol
caused his
overdose
Jimi...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Depressants Review
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

What are the two reasons doctor...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics
• Opiates are a group of
highly addictive drugs
derived fr...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - morphine
Used during wars and at
hospitals to relieve gr...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - codeine
• Codeine
(methylmorphine) is
an analgesic.
• An...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - opium
Laudanum, paregoric:
big O, black stuff, block,
gu...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - heroin
Diacetylmorphine:
smack, horse, brown
sugar, dope...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - heroin
Effects: Euphoria;
drowsiness;
Dangers: impaired
...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - heroin
Heroin is a highly addictive and
rapidly acting o...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - heroin
“Tracks”
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - heroin

More
tracks
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - heroin
some junkies prefer to inject
the heroin under th...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - heroin
When an addict overdoses while
shooting up with f...
Chapter 12
Opiates / Narcotics - heroin

A JUNKIE'S PRAYER - Just how difficult is it to get off of heroin? This
junkie's ...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - heroin
When the body
was examined, a
needle, syringe,
an...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - heroin
21-year-old Rachel Whitear
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - heroin

Gia – the original supermodel. Died from
AIDS wh...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - heroin
Jim Morrison

• Died from overdose of
heroin and ...
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates / Narcotics - heroin
"I'm not using drugs to get high
like many people...
Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Chapter 12

Opiates / Narcotics - heroin

• Heroin addicts
frequently:
•
•
•
•
•
•

lose t...
Withdrawals

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

• usually 6 to 24 hours of discontinuation of the drug; this
time frame can c...
Chapter 12

End of Chapter 12

Don’t waste your nine lives away!
Chapter 12

Section 3 Other Drugs of
Abuse

Opiates Review
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

What plant are opiates/narcotics made fro...
Chapter 12

Celebrity Drug
Poster

• Choose a celebrity that has or had a drug problem. A
drug from any of the 7 groups.
•...
Chapter 12

Presentation

• Speak to the class about your celebrity for at
least 2 minutes and 30 seconds. Present without...
Drug Project

Chapter 12

www.erowid.org/culture/characters/characters_drug_use.shtml
A
Abrams, Isaac

Aitken, Jonathan

P...
Poster Grade:
___ Bullets, 14 Font Typed: ___/5
___ Celebrity info: ___/10
___ Drug information: ___/10
What group of drug...
Presentation Grade
•
Celebrity info:
•
Why famous ___/5
•
Personal life info ___ / 5
•
Drug information
•
Drug Names -Grou...
Chapter 12
15 MC On All Drugs
• Write 15 multiple choice questions on
drugs.
• Circle the correct answer.
• No “yes/no” or...
Drugs Test Review
1. List the 6 groups of drugs (not
steroids) and write what some
people like about it next to the
name.
...
Christiane F.

Skip:
•Concert
•Skip search for Babsi
to Newspaper
Christiane Vera Felscherinow

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christiane_F.
• Real Photo Montage
•Real Photos of Them
Chapter 12

Section 4 A Drug-Free Life

Warm Up – Date & Day is the title
1. Summarize how drug abuse can negatively
affec...
Section 4 A Drug-Free Life

Chapter 12

Drug abuse Affects the Individual

• car accidents

• The dangers of intoxication,...
Chapter 12

Section 4 A Drug-Free Life

accidental injury or death
Chapter 12

Section 4 A Drug-Free Life

violence and criminal activity
Chapter 12

Section 4 A Drug-Free Life

unplanned pregnancy
Chapter 12

Section 4 A Drug-Free Life

sexually transmitted diseases
Chapter 12

Section 4 A Drug-Free Life

Drug Abuse Affects the Family
• When a teen or other family member is
using drugs,...
Chapter 12

Section 4 A Drug-Free Life

Drug Abuse Affects Society
• Like the use of tobacco and alcohol, drug use
imposes...
Chapter 12

Section 4 A Drug-Free Life

Treatment for Drug Addiction
• Recovering is the process of learning to live witho...
Chapter 12

Section 4 A Drug-Free Life

Principles for Effective Drug Treatment
1. No single treatment works for everyone....
Chapter 12

Section 4 A Drug-Free Life

Principles for Effective Drug Treatment
7. Medications can be an important part of...
Chapter 12

Section 4 A Drug-Free Life

Saying No to Drugs

• As with alcohol, tobacco, and other
pressures, you should pr...
Section 4 A Drug-Free Life

Chapter 12
What to Say

• People who use drugs often use similar ―lines‖
when pressuring other...
Chapter 12
Health ch 12 drugs of abuse
Health ch 12 drugs of abuse
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Transcript of "Health ch 12 drugs of abuse"

  1. 1. This man’s-on Drugs! Another Estrella Production
  2. 2. Chapter 12 Illegal Drugs Contents • • • • Section 1 Drugs of Abuse Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Section 4 A Drug-Free Life Objectives • List six ways illegal drug use can be dangerous. • State five reasons a person might try illegal drugs. • Identify the reason drug abuse is especially dangerous to teens. • Describe two ways illegal drug use conflicts with your values and goals.
  3. 3. Chapter 12 Section 1 Drugs of Abuse Bellringer • List several drugs that you think are commonly abused. Why do you think people try illegal drugs? Collect HW: 12.1 Pgs. # 284-286 5 Facts/Page
  4. 4. Section 1 Drugs of Abuse • Addiction: physically or psychologically dependent • When it interferes with your responsibilities!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Over-the-counter: don’t need a doctor’s note Prescription: must have a doctor’s note Natural: found in nature Synthetic: man-made 3 brain chemicals that make you feel good/happy are: Serotonin, Dopamine & Endorphins. • Euphoria: feeling extremely good. • Analgesic: pain killer • • • • •
  5. 5. Chapter 12 Section 1 Drugs of Abuse Illegal Drug Use Is Dangerous • Drugs used for recreational purposes are called drugs of abuse. • Many drugs of abuse are illegal drugs. • Possessing, • using, • buying, or • selling these drugs is illegal for people of any age.
  6. 6. Chapter 12 Section 1 Drugs of Abuse Why Do People Begin Using Drugs? • Some of the reasons people try illegal drugs include: a desire to experiment
  7. 7. Chapter 12 Section 1 Drugs of Abuse Why Do People Begin Using Drugs? • Some of the reasons people try illegal drugs include: • a desire to escape boredom or depression
  8. 8. Chapter 12 Section 1 Drugs of Abuse Why Do People Begin Using Drugs? • Some of the reasons people try illegal drugs include: • enjoyment of risktaking behavior
  9. 9. Chapter 12 Section 1 Drugs of Abuse Why Do People Begin Using Drugs? • Some of the reasons people try illegal drugs include: • a belief that drugs solve personal, social, or medical problems
  10. 10. Chapter 12 Section 1 Drugs of Abuse Why Do People Begin Using Drugs? • Some of the reasons people try illegal drugs include: • peer pressure
  11. 11. Chapter 12 Section 1 Drugs of Abuse Why Do People Begin Using Drugs? • Some of the reasons people try illegal drugs include: • glamorization of drugs by the media
  12. 12. Chapter 12 Section 1 Drugs of Abuse Teens and Illegal Drug use Teens have a higher risk of addiction to drugs than adults do because their brain is developing. Drug use can have irreversible effects on the function of the brain.
  13. 13. Chapter 12 Section 1 Drugs of Abuse Ch-12 Drugs of Abuse Review 1. List three ways illegal drug use can be dangerous. 2. State four reasons a person might try illegal drugs. 3. Identify the reason drug abuse is especially dangerous to teens. 4. What is euphoria? 5. What is over-the-counter and prescription? 6. What are the three brain chemicals that help keep you feeling normal and not depressed? HW: 12.2 Pgs. # 287-290 5 Facts/Page
  14. 14. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs 7 Groups of Abused Drugs 1. Hallucinogens / Psychedelics A. -Cannabinoids B. -Dissociative Drugs 2. Inhalants 3. Club Drugs / Designer 4. Anabolic Steroids 5. Stimulants 6. Depressants 7. Opiates / Narcotics
  15. 15. 7 Groups of Abused Drugs Name of Drug Group Marijuana Full Name Period Health Effects Hallucinogens - Euphoria; Cannabinoids relaxation; distorted sensory perception. Dangers Impaired learning & memory; panic attacks; lung infections;
  16. 16. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Cannabinoids - Marijuana • Marijuana is also known as: • Blunt, dope, ganja, grass, herb, joint, bud, Mary Jane, pot, reefer, green, trees, smoke, sinsemilla, skunk, weed
  17. 17. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Cannabinoids - Marijuana • The dried leaves and dried flower buds from the Cannabis plant are used. • The active ingredient is… • Tetra-hydro-canna-binol or THC • THC stays in the body and can be detected in urine for several weeks. • Chronic: marijuana mixed with crack.
  18. 18. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Cannabinoids - Marijuana • Lowers testosterone levels and sperm numbers • In pregnant women it affects the fetus and results in developmental difficulties in the child. • Increases appetite, can make you gain weight.
  19. 19. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Cannabinoids - Marijuana • Smokers often sustain lung damage from the smoke. Including lung diseases. • Asthma • Chronic Bronchitis • Emphysema • Lung Cancer
  20. 20. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Cannabinoids - Marijuana • Regular use creates tolerance -you need more and more to get high. • After it wears off people feel tired, unmotivated, and depressed. Dog & Marijuana Risky behavior • Driving high is just as dangerous as driving drunk Fatal Crash
  21. 21. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Cannabinoids - Marijuana •It affects short-term memory and comprehension. - “it makes you stupid!” Surfer Speaks in News Marijuana and Brain
  22. 22. Marijuana Review 1. Emphysema 2. What are three dangers of marijuana? 3. What is tolerance. 4. What is the name of the plant? 5. What is the name of the drug in Marijuana?
  23. 23. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Cannabinoids - Marijuana • This man and a friend were smoking marijuana and decided to play Russian roulette. • The revolver fired the first time the trigger was pulled.
  24. 24. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Cannabinoids - Marijuana • This young man committed suicide by taping an electrical cord to his chest and, with his foot in a pan of water, plugged the cord into an electrical outlet. A marijuana pipe was found nearby. • In a notebook he wrote “I’m lost, I’m stuck here in between, a life that I’ve never seen, and I just can’t seem to carry on. I’ve traveled many miles, but I haven’t gone far and I just don’t care anymore.”
  25. 25. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Cannabinoids - Marijuana • The woman was coming home from a party. She failed to make the turn in the highway. Her car hit the concrete support of an overpass. She was positive for marijuana and amphetamine. A portion of her brain is visible on the dashboard Think Twice -Marijuana & Cancer - DVD Marijuana -VHS Marijuana Research Papers - DVD
  26. 26. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Marijuana Review 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. What major & sub group does marijuana belong to? List two dangers of marijuana. What plant does marijuana come from? Which increases lung cancer more, marijuana or cigarettes? why? What is the name of the drug in marijuana? List three lung diseases you could get from marijuana. What kind of brain damage does marijuana cause? What are the seven groups of illegal drugs we’re learning? List three chemicals in your brain that make you feel good/happy. HW: P. 291-293 5 Facts/Page
  27. 27. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Cannabinoids - Hash •Hashish (Boom, gangster, hash, hash oil, hemp) is composed of the compressed trichomes collected from the leaves and flowers of a mature, flowering female Cannabis plant. Trichomes are small glandular hairs containing plant resins which appear on the leaves and stems of the Cannabis plant.
  28. 28. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Cannabinoids - Hash Effects: Euphoria; relaxation; slowed reaction time; distorted sensory perception; impaired balance and coordination Dangers: increased heart rate and appetite; impaired learning, memory; anxiety; panic attacks; psychosis/cough, frequent respiratory infections;
  29. 29. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Cannabinoids - Hash •In terms of its psychoactive effect, one or two drops of this liquid on a cigarette is equal to a single "joint" of marijuana.
  30. 30. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Hallucinogens – LSD (Acid) Lysergic acid diethylamide: acid, blotter, cubes, microdot yellow sunshine, blue heaven Effects: Altered states of perception and feeling; hallucinations; Dangers: impulsive behavior; Flashbacks, Hallucinations, Chronic mental disorders.
  31. 31. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Hallucinogens – LSD (Acid) • LSD is usually taken as tablets or absorbed through the tongue on small paper squares.
  32. 32. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Hallucinogens – LSD (Acid) The effects of LSD can also be frightening. Can produce chronic mental problems
  33. 33. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Hallucinogens – LSD (Acid) This young man used LSD and was having a psychotic reaction. On the day of his death, he was apprehended by police in the garage of a neighbor. He said a voice was telling him to kill himself, and he was looking for a way to do it. Later that afternoon he was found hanging from a tree in a public park
  34. 34. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Hallucinogens – LSD (Acid) This young man shot himself after making a tape recording about his struggle with LSD. • “I'll tell you one thing, Dave (his roommate) and anyone else who's listening, you can really get messed up on that stuff (LSD).” • "You might hear about it sooner or later, Mom - I'm sorry, Mom, Dad, and Bill - I'm sorry that your little boy has turned into an LSD addict.” • "It's bad news… really it is. I didn't think it was when I was first taking it, but I've been getting pretty stoned lately, and you just don't know what is real and what isn't real. • "All I can say is, I had to find out for myself. Kind of a poor excuse, you know - but I shouldn't have taken any dope at all - any acid (LSD)- and I shouldn't really have started off with any grass
  35. 35. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Hallucinogens – LSD (Acid) He began his drug abuse by smoking marijuana. On his 18th birthday he tried LSD, which produced incredible hallucinations. He said that there was a Hell, that he had been there, and had spoken with the Devil. Despite his first bad trip, he took LSD a second time. This trip triggered a permanent religious mania, and he came to believe that Jesus Christ was an impostor. Sometime later, armed with a rifle and a sledgehammer, he entered a Catholic church and smashed the altar. He then shot and killed the church custodian. After leaving the church, he shot and wounded four passers-by. He was then shot and killed by the police.
  36. 36. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Hallucinogens - Psilocybin Magic mushrooms, purple passion, shrooms, little smoke Effects: Altered states of perception and feeling; hallucinations; nausea Dangers: increased body temperature, heart rate, blood pressure; nervousness; paranoia; panic
  37. 37. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Hallucinogens - Psilocybin • Psilocybin is a naturally poisonous species of mushroom that produce effects similar to LSD. • LSD and mushroom users can experience flashbacks long after they have taken the drugs.
  38. 38. Hallucinogens - Mescaline Buttons, cactus, peyote, mesc. Effects: Altered states of perception and feeling; hallucinations; Negatives: nausea; impulsive behavior; rapid changes in emotion, mental problems. Mexico & Peyote SNL Peyote
  39. 39. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Hallucinogens - Mescaline I had a very bad experience with a drug called mescaline. I tried mescaline only once. Since then I have not been in control of my mind. I have tried to straighten myself out, but things are only getting worse. I can be nothing but a burden because I can no longer run my own life. To those of my friends who might also think about learning about themselves with mind-expanding drugs - don't. Learn about yourself as you live your life. Don't try to know everything at once by swallowing a pill. It could be too much for your mind to handle at one time. P.S. A last thought - Don't try to hide my suicide from the world because of this. You did your best but your son made a fatal mistake."
  40. 40. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Hallucinogens - Mescaline
  41. 41. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Hallucinogens Review 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What is Hash made from? What are the seven categories of illegal drugs? What group and sub-group does Hash belong to? What is a trip? List three drugs that are hallucinogens, but not cannabinoids (not made from marijuana plant) 6. Why do people try hallucinogens? 7. What are two big dangers of LSD? 8. Which drug is the mushrooms? 9. Which drug is a cactus? 10. What are trichomes? HW: P. 294-296 5 Facts/Page
  42. 42. Hallucinogens - Dissociative Drugs a class of psychoactive drugs which reduce or block signals to the conscious mind from other parts of the brain. Although many kinds of drugs are capable of such action, dissociatives are unique in that they do so in such a way that they produce hallucinations, which may include sensory deprivation, dissociation, hallucinations, and dream-like states or trances. Many dissociatives have general depressant effects and can produce sedation, respiratory depression, analgesia, anesthesia, and ataxia, as well as cognitive and memory impairment and amnesia.
  43. 43. Hallucinogens Dissociative Drugs - Ketamine • Ketamine: Ketalar SV: cat Valium, K, Special K, vitamin K Effects: Feelings of being separate from one’s body and environment. Dangers: anxiety, analgesia; impaired memory; neuroses or other mental disorders, tremendous psychological dependence; delirium; respiratory arrest; death
  44. 44. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Hallucinogens Dissociative Drugs - PCP Phencyclidine: angel dust, boat, hog, love boat, peace pill •Effects: Feelings of being separate from one’s body and environment; anxiety; tremors; numbness; hallucinations •Dangers: analgesia; psychosis; aggression; violence; slurred speech; loss of coordination;, memory loss; nausea
  45. 45. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Hallucinogens Dissociative Drugs - PCP PCP is a white crystalline powder which is readily soluble in water or alcohol. It has a distinctive bitter chemical taste. PCP comes in a variety of tablets, capsules, and colored powders. It is normally snorted or smoked. When it is smoked, PCP is often applied to a leafy material such as tobacco, mint, parsley, oregano or marijuana.
  46. 46. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Hallucinogens Dissociative Drugs - Salvia divinorum Salvia, Shepherdess’s Herb, Maria Pastora, magic mint, Sally-D •Chewed, swallowed, smoked •Effects: Feelings of being separate from one’s body and environment; producer of "visions" and other hallucinations. •Dangers: anxiety; tremors; numbness; memory loss; nausea
  47. 47. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Hallucinogens Dissociative Drugs – Dextromethorphan-DXM Robotripping, Robo, Triple C Found in some cough and cold medications. - Swallowed. Take more than recommended dosage. •Effects: Feelings of being separate from one’s body and environment; feel very ―spacey‖ and "out of it,‖ excitement, as well as a loss of comprehension of time. Some feel euphoric. •Negative: memory loss; nausea; slurred speech; confusion; dizziness;
  48. 48. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Dissociative Drugs – Review HW: P. 297-299 5 Facts/Page 1. What is euphoria? 2. What is the main thing that dissociative drugs make you feel? 3. What seems to be a common danger in the dissociative drugs? 4. What group does dissociative drugs belong in? 5. List 4 drugs that are dissociative 6. Which one of the dissociative drugs makes some people violent? Hallucinogens VHS
  49. 49. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Inhalants Inhalants are drugs that are inhaled as vapors. •Effects: stimulation; loss of inhibition; •Negative: Liver damage, Brain damage, Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome, headache; nausea or vomiting; slurred speech; wheezing/cramps; muscle weakness; depression; memory impairment; damage to cardiovascular and nervous systems.
  50. 50. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Inhalants Inhalants are drugs that are inhaled as vapors. Airplane Glue Rubber Cement Polyvinylchloride (PVC) Cement Spray Paint Hair Spray Deodorant, Air Freshener Nail Polish Remover Paint Remover Paint Thinner Typing Correction Fluid and Thinner Fuel Gas Cigarette Lighter Fluid Gasoline Nitrous Oxide
  51. 51. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Inhalants A&E Intervention Allison PART 1 Signs of Abusing Inhalants: •paint or stains on body or clothing •spots or sores around the mouth •red or runny eyes or nose •chemical breath odor •drunk, dazed or dizzy appearance •nausea, loss of appetite •anxiety, excitability, irritability
  52. 52. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Inhalants He and two friends went to a movie and then sniffed silver spray paint. While intoxicated by the paint, they went to his exgirlfriend's house. When they arrived, the young man announced that he was going to kill himself. He took out a gun and placed it to his head and shot himself. The pictures at left show the paint residue found on his finger, lips and teeth.
  53. 53. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Inhalants Andriej, 13, passes out after sniffing glue. He is unable to eat. Russian doctors say that two years of sniffing glue is enough to cause a devastating loss of brain cells.
  54. 54. Chapter 12 Inhalants • Serious brain damage!
  55. 55. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Inhalants Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome. This means someone can die the 1st, 10th or 100th time he / she uses an inhalant. Other effects include damage to the heart, kidney, brain, liver, bone marrow and other organs. 19-year-old man who suffocated in his bathroom while sniffing glue. He had a history of glue sniffing and had been treated for a liver problem brought on by the sniffing when he was 12-years-old.
  56. 56. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Inhalants About three of every ten sniffing deaths occur in first-time users. This young man was found dead on his bedroom floor. An aerosol can of cooking spray was on his bed. A cardboard tube from a toilet paper roll, stuffed with paper, was beside the body. He was seated on the bed while inhaling the propellant from the spray can after it had been "filtered" through the paper in the cardboard tube. He had no known history of previous inhalant abuse.
  57. 57. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Inhalants Anesthetic gas & Nitrous oxide (laughing gas) are common. a hospital employee was found dead in an operating room. He was inhaling an anesthetic gas from a machine used to put patients to sleep during surgery. He lost consciousness with the mask on his face and died alone in the operating room.
  58. 58. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Inhalants Liver damage from using inhalants.
  59. 59. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Inhalants Inhalants VHS
  60. 60. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Inhalants Review 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. What are three products used as inhalants? How are inhalants taken? What are some signs someone is using inhalants? What happens to the liver from using inhalants? What is the liver’s biggest job? What are the two biggest dangers of using inhalants? What is sudden sniffing death syndrome? HW: Ch-12 P. 300-302 5 Facts/Page
  61. 61. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Designer / Club Drugs Flunitrazepam: Rohypnol: forget-me pill, Mexican Valium, R2, roach, Roche, roofies, roofinol, rope
  62. 62. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Designer / Club Drugs •Club drugs, also called designer drugs, are drugs designed to resemble other illegal drugs in chemical structure and effect.
  63. 63. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy Effects: people enjoy the mild hallucinogenic effects; increased tactile sensitivity; empathic feelings; lowered inhibition, energetic qualities.
  64. 64. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy Dangers: anxiety; chills; sweating; teeth clenching; muscle cramping/sleep disturbances; depression (less seratonin); impaired memory; hyperthermia; addiction
  65. 65. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy • Men like women to take it so they might have sex with them.
  66. 66. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy Ecstasy (MDMA) on regional cerebral blood flow two weeks following ingestion of MDMA shows markedly decreased brain activity.
  67. 67. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy • An autopsy of a 26-year-old Canadian a long-term heavy user of Ecstasy who died of an overdose of another drug. • When his brain was tested, it was found to have between 50% and 80% less serotonin than normal. • The man whose brain was the subject of the study started using Ecstasy once a month at the age of 17. This is why it causes boredom and possible suicidal tendencies.
  68. 68. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy Ecstasy may raise your body temp. to deadly levels. hyperthermia Leah Betts died after taking an ecstasy tablet on her 18th birthday
  69. 69. Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Chapter 12 Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy Marissa • A few hours after taking at least one Ecstasy pill, Marissa (15 yrs old) went into convulsions. After more than a day in a coma, she died. The official cause of death: anoxic encephalopathy, or lack of oxygen to the brain, specifically due to "MDMA intoxication." Family mourning
  70. 70. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Designer / Club Drugs - Ecstasy Lorna Spinks (19 yrs. old) died 19 minutes after this picture was taken. Ecstasy VHS
  71. 71. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Designer /Club Drugs - GHB Gamma-hydroxybutyrate: G, Georgia home boy, grievous bodily harm, liquid ecstasy, soap, scoop, goop, liquid X Effects: Drunk feeling, drowsiness; Negative: nausea; headache; disorientation; loss of coordination; memory loss, unconsciousness; seizures; coma – used to rape
  72. 72. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Designer /Club Drugs - GHB GHB takes effect in 10-20 minutes and lasts 1-3 hours. central nervous system depressant abused for its ability to produce euphoric and hallucinatory states a teaspoonful of GHB can have the same effect as more than a dozen beers
  73. 73. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Designer /Club Drugs – Rohypnol or Flunitrazepam Rohypnol: forget-me pill, Mexican Valium, R2, roach, Roche, roofies, roofinol, rope, rophies •Effects: sedation; muscle relaxation; •Dangers: confusion; memory loss; dizziness; impaired coordination & addiction – used to rape girls.
  74. 74. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Designer /Club Drugs - Flunitrazepam Rohypnol effects begin within 30 minutes, peak within 2 hours, and may persist for up to 8 hours or more. When mixed with alcohol, can incapacitate a victim and prevent them from resisting sexual assault. Also, Rohypnol may be lethal when mixed with alcohol and/or other depressants.
  75. 75. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Club Drugs Rohypnol can be detected in urine up to 72 hours after ingestion, while GHB is only detectable in urine from 4-12 hours after ingestion.
  76. 76. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Club Drugs – Date Rape Drugs • What do I do if I think I’ve been given a "Date Rape" drug? Go to the nearest emergency room or rape crisis center. They can test for date rape drugs and can help with emotional and medical care if you have been sexually assaulted.
  77. 77. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Club Drugs – Date Rape Drugs What do I do if I think I’ve been given a "Date Rape" drug? • •VHS or DVD Video on Club Drugs •P on Ecstasy
  78. 78. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Club Drugs Review 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. What is another name for designer drugs? What does “designer drug” mean? What is the most famous designer drug? What are the 2 biggest dangers of using ecstasy? What brain chemical does ecstasy damage? Why do ecstasy users become bored or depressed? What are the three chemicals in your brain that have to do with you being happy? Create a scenario how boys use a drug to rape someone. Name the drug in your scenario. (about 1-2 paragraphs) HW: Ch-12 Pgs. # 303-305 5 Facts/Page
  79. 79. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Anabolic Steroids
  80. 80. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Anabolic Steroids Effects: No intoxication. Easier to grow muscle. Dangers: Aggression, heart disease, and cancer are the most serious side effects. hypertension; blood clotting; liver cysts; acne; in adolescents--premature stoppage of growth; in males-prostate cancer, reduced sperm production, shrunken testicles, breast enlargement; in females--menstrual irregularities, development of beard and other masculine characteristics
  81. 81. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Anabolic Steroids • are synthetic versions of the male hormone testosterone that are used for muscle development. • Anabolic steroids have a few legitimate medical uses. • Most people take anabolic steroids illegally and without guidance from a doctor.
  82. 82. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Anabolic Steroids • The table on left shows some of the side effects of anabolic steroids.
  83. 83. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Anabolic Steroids Self-Esteem • One reason some athletes choose to use steroids is that they don’t believe that their natural talent and hard work is good enough. • Peer pressure can also play a role in why someone starts using illegal drugs. • Healthy self-esteem can help people resist these pressures.
  84. 84. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Steroid Review 1. 2. 3. What are anabolic steroids used for? What hormone do anabolic steroids try to mimic? What are 2 dangers of using steroids? HW: Ch-12 Pgs. # 306-308 5 Facts/Page
  85. 85. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – caffeine & nicotine • Caffeine and nicotine are mild, legal stimulants, although they are addictive.
  86. 86. Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Chapter 12 Stimulants
  87. 87. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – Amphetamines Biphetamine, Dexedrine: bennies, black beauties, crosses, hearts, LA turnaround, speed, truck drivers, uppers The most common form is a white-yellow powder, which is injected or inhaled through the nose (snorted).
  88. 88. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – Amphetamines Effects •hyperactivity / talkativeness •increased energy & alertness •Reduced appetite Negatives •anxiety • irritability •suspiciousness •insomnia •Increased heart beat (heart attack)
  89. 89. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – Methamphetamines Desoxyn: meth, ice, crank, chalk, crystal, fire, glass, go fast, speed
  90. 90. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – Methamphetamines Effects •Exhilaration; more energy. Dangers •Depression – Dopamine area •Irritability, anxiety & panic •paranoia & violent behavior •Psychosis (mental problems), •weight loss •insomnia •heart problems •stroke •addiction •severe dental problems
  91. 91. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – methamphetamines Acetone, Denatured Alcohol, Lye, Rat poison, Starting Fluid, Paint Thinner, Toluene (paint remover), Xylene, Red Phosphorous, Lithium Metal (from batteries), Drain cleaner, Iodine, Pseudoephedrine, Anhydrous Ammonia (fertilizer), Camp Stove Fuel, Coffee Filters, etc.
  92. 92. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – methamphetamines • Causes serious wrinkles / aging • Eventually causes depression. • Loss of teeth
  93. 93. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – methamphetamines
  94. 94. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – methamphetamines
  95. 95. Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Chapter 12 Stimulants – methamphetamines Meth mouth
  96. 96. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – methamphetamines Due to damaged dopamine nerve areas, users become bored and depressed after time.
  97. 97. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – methamphetamines A 33-year-old man was suicidal and high on methamphetamine when he fired the nails — up to 2 inches in length — into his head one by one. Crystal Meth DVD
  98. 98. Chapter 12 Section 2 Commonly Abused Drugs Amphetamine & Meth Review 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. What are the three principle brain chemicals that help you be happy? Which is the brain chemical that is messed up by meth? What are common names for amphetamines? What are common names for methamphetamines? What group of drugs do amphetamines and methamphetamines belong in? What are three big dangers for amphetamines? What are three big dangers for meth? Why do meth users get meth mouth?
  99. 99. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – Cocaine • Cocaine: In its pure form, cocaine is a white crystalline powder extracted from the leaves of the South American coca plant. On the street, pure cocaine is diluted or "cut" with other substances to increase the quantity, and thereby increase the profits of its sellers.
  100. 100. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – cocaine • Cocaine hydrochloride: blow, bump, C, candy, Charlie, coke, crack, flake, rock, snow, toot • Effects: feelings of exhilaration; increased energy, mental alertness; • Negatives: overdose, reduced appetite; irritability; anxiety; panic; paranoia; violent behavior; psychosis; insomnia; heart damage; stroke; & addiction.
  101. 101. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – cocaine • Overdose and heart attacks are easy from cocaine Len Bias Story Brain hemorrhage
  102. 102. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – cocaine SPEEDBALL Cocaine is a stimulant, and after bingeing on cocaine, one is so exhausted that it takes a depressant like heroin or barbiturate in order to get some rest. The young woman shown here had been partying (bingeing on cocaine) for a week and had not eaten during that time. She left the house to get more cocaine but returned with a $20 paper of heroin. She took a fix and lay down to sleep. She was found dead on her bed the next morning.
  103. 103. Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Chapter 12 Stimulants – cocaine COCAINE FRENZY A man ran from a house into the street shouting unintelligibly. He had gouged out one of his eyes with his fingers, and was stabbing himself in the chest with a kitchen knife. Paramedics were summoned and he was transported to the hospital by ambulance. While being treated in the emergency room, he grabbed a syringe and threaten the nurses and doctors. A police officer repeatedly ordered him to drop the syringe. He would not obey the command and was shot twice by the officer. He was not killed, but his gouged out eye could not be saved. It is shown in the photograph.
  104. 104. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – cocaine the woman’s son, who was a cocaine addict, tried to force his mother to give him money. When she refused, he attacked her and nearly cut off her head.
  105. 105. Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Chapter 12 Stimulants – cocaine Chris Farley SNL Matt Foley
  106. 106. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – crack cocaine •Crack cocaine: is cocaine that has not been neutralized by an acid to make the hydrochloride salt
  107. 107. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants – crack cocaine Prostitution
  108. 108. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Stimulants Review 1. List four common illegal stimulants. 2. List three dangers of stimulants 3. Which stimulant gives you the highest chance of a heart attack? 4. What plant is cocaine and crack made from? 5. What will many women do for crack? 6. What does crystal meth do to the brain? 7. What are two stimulants that are legal & common? 8. What chemical/drug is in coffee? 9. What chemical/drug is in chocolate? HW: Ch-12 P. 310 # 1-10 & # 31
  109. 109. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Depressants - Alcohol Effects: In low doses, euphoria, mild stimulation, relaxation, lowered inhibitions; in higher doses, drowsiness, Negatives: slurred speech, nausea, emotional volatility, loss of coordination, impaired memory, unconsciousness, violence, fetal damage (in pregnant women); liver and heart disease; addiction; fatal overdose
  110. 110. Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Chapter 12 Depressants - Alcohol What does your brain do to help you not die? • Urinate! Pee • Vomit •Pass out
  111. 111. Binge Drinking
  112. 112. Binge Drinking
  113. 113. Depressants - Alcohol Alcohol VHS
  114. 114. Alcohol Review 1. What two organs act as our filters? 2. How many drinks can a liver clean every hour? 3. What three things does our body do to protect us from alcohol poisoning? 4. How do people stop our body from protecting us from alcohol poisoning? 5. What category of drugs does alcohol belong to? 6. What are the effects people like about alcohol? 7. What are three dangers of alcohol?
  115. 115. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Depressants / Barbiturates- Sedatives Sedatives: -Sleeping Pills Effects: Makes you sleepy. Slow down the workings of the brain and central nervous system. Feel ―drunk.‖ Dangers: death by overdose. Heart stops.
  116. 116. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Depressants / Barbiturates - Tranquilizers • Effects: Calm you down. Slow down the workings of the brain and central nervous system. Feel “drunk.” • Dangers: death by overdose. Heart stops.
  117. 117. Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Chapter 12 Depressants / Barbiturates • Very easy to die of an overdose! Judy Garland had a sleeping pill overdose at age 47 Judy Garland
  118. 118. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Depressants / Barbiturates Marilyn Monroe committed suicide using the sedative nembutal Add Marilyn clip
  119. 119. Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Chapter 12 Depressants / Barbiturates • Barbiturates and alcohol caused his overdose Jimi Hendrix - All Along The Watchtower Jimi Hendrix
  120. 120. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Depressants Review 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. What are the two reasons doctors give depressants to people? What are sedatives for? What are tranquilizers for? Why do some people like depressants? What is the most famous depressant? Name two people who have died from depressants. What is a date rape drug? Name two drugs used for date rape. What advise would you give a girl going to a club regarding date rape? HW: Ch-12 P. 311 # 33-34
  121. 121. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics
  122. 122. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics • Opiates are a group of highly addictive drugs derived from the poppy plant that are used as pain relievers, anesthetics, and sedatives. Morphine, Heroine (diacetylmorphine), Codeine, Thebaine,
  123. 123. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - morphine Used during wars and at hospitals to relieve great pain.
  124. 124. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - codeine • Codeine (methylmorphine) is an analgesic. • Analgesic is a painkiller
  125. 125. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - opium Laudanum, paregoric: big O, black stuff, block, gum, hop
  126. 126. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - heroin Diacetylmorphine: smack, horse, brown sugar, dope, H, junk, skag, skunk, white horse, China white; cheese (with OTC cold medicine and antihistamine)
  127. 127. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - heroin Effects: Euphoria; drowsiness; Dangers: impaired coordination; sedation; slowed or arrested breathing; endocarditic; hepatitis; HIV; addiction; fatal overdose
  128. 128. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - heroin Heroin is a highly addictive and rapidly acting opiate. Heroin is produced from morphine, which is a principal component of opium.
  129. 129. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - heroin “Tracks”
  130. 130. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - heroin More tracks
  131. 131. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - heroin some junkies prefer to inject the heroin under the skin. This practice is known as "skin popping." The injection of heroin under the skin does not produce the sudden rush or the same high as mainlining, but there is a longer effect from the drug as it is gradually absorbed into the body from underneath the skin.
  132. 132. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - heroin When an addict overdoses while shooting up with friends, he may be taken to a hospital for treatment, unless he dies suddenly. Often his junkie friends are reluctant to take the body to a hospital where they will face searching questions from medical personnel or the police. Therefore, it is not unusual to find the body of a person who has suffered a narcotics overdose dumped by the side of the road, as in this case.
  133. 133. Chapter 12 Opiates / Narcotics - heroin A JUNKIE'S PRAYER - Just how difficult is it to get off of heroin? This junkie's prayer should give you some idea. "My Dear Lord Jesus Christ, from this day Fri. Oct. 22, I promise not to inject any more drugs into my body. I furthermore promise that (one week from today) not to take anymore medication having to do with drugs. With your help I pray Lord I am through with drugs from this very day forward. Help me Jesus I pray - no more. Thank you Jesus. I pray, Oh Lord, keep me safe. I pray I get this job today. Give me the strength, deliverance, and ability. I pray, Oh Lord, and thank you Jesus. You have delivered me this very morning Friday 10-22-71. Your lost child of Christ Amen. I pray I get a job today. No more drugs. Amen. Thank You Jesus." The next day this young man was found dead from a drug overdose.
  134. 134. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - heroin When the body was examined, a needle, syringe, and half a tablet of a synthetic narcotic was found in his pants pocket. It appeared that he had been injecting the crushed-up pill.
  135. 135. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - heroin 21-year-old Rachel Whitear
  136. 136. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - heroin Gia – the original supermodel. Died from AIDS when she got it from a needle while doing heroin at the age of ….26 -- clip
  137. 137. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - heroin Jim Morrison • Died from overdose of heroin and possibly cocaine.
  138. 138. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates / Narcotics - heroin "I'm not using drugs to get high like many people think. I know I made a big mistake when I started using this shit. It's a very difficult thing to explain. My liver is not functioning and I'm throwing up all the time and Layne Staley of shitting my pants. The pain is Alice In Chains more than you can handle. It's Aug 22, 1967- Apr the worst pain in the world. Dope 5, 2002 sick hurts the entire body.― He died after injecting a mixture of heroin and cocaine -- Alice in Chains - Man in the Box
  139. 139. Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Chapter 12 Opiates / Narcotics - heroin • Heroin addicts frequently: • • • • • • lose their jobs have poor living conditions suffer many health problems choke on their own vomit when passed out catch diseases from needles engage in crime to support their addiction – guys usually steal & girl usually do prostitution.
  140. 140. Withdrawals Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse • usually 6 to 24 hours of discontinuation of the drug; this time frame can change with the degree of tolerance as well as the amount of the last consumed dose. Symptoms may include: sweating, malaise, anxiety, depression, priapism, extra sensitivity of the genitals in females, cramp-like pains in the limbs, insomnia, cold sweats, chills, severe muscle and bone aches; nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, cramps, and fever. Many users also complain of a painful condition, the so-called "itchy blood", which often results in compulsive scratching that causes bruises and sometimes ruptures the skin, leaving scabs. Abrupt termination of heroin use often causes muscle spasms in the legs (restless leg syndrome); hence "kicking" has been used as a slang term for heroin withdrawal. Discontinuation of heroin can also cause goose bumps,
  141. 141. Chapter 12 End of Chapter 12 Don’t waste your nine lives away!
  142. 142. Chapter 12 Section 3 Other Drugs of Abuse Opiates Review 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. What plant are opiates/narcotics made from? Give two examples of opiates. What is a “junkie”? What is skin popping? What are tracks? Who is a famous person who died from heroin? List 3 common outcomes of people who do heroin.
  143. 143. Chapter 12 Celebrity Drug Poster • Choose a celebrity that has or had a drug problem. A drug from any of the 7 groups. • 14-16 size font, single space. Include in bullets: • Section 1: Famous: why famous? Include songs, movies, tell us about their life. • Section 2: Personal Life: Kids? Married? Birth Place, etc… • Section 3: Drug Info: Name of drug, Group, Positives, Dangers. What does that drug do? What was the outcome? • Pictures: Poster should have one large face picture (portrait) and a few smaller pix. Search using Google, change advanced image search options to “large” then copy and paste it to a Word document. • Due on ?
  144. 144. Chapter 12 Presentation • Speak to the class about your celebrity for at least 2 minutes and 30 seconds. Present without reading the paper and answer some questions from the students. • Practice your speech with friends or at home and have someone time you. You DO NOT want to be under 2:30 when you practice. Remember you’ll go faster when you’re nervous. • Why he/she is famous • Drug Info. Group, positives, dangers, • Married, kids, dead? Etc… • Answer at least 3 questions correctly.
  145. 145. Drug Project Chapter 12 www.erowid.org/culture/characters/characters_drug_use.shtml A Abrams, Isaac Aitken, Jonathan Psilocybin, Mescaline, Cannabis, LSD Artist LSD Conservative British member of parliament took LSD in 1966 in order to review it for the Evening Standard. Described "visions of hell. Continents dripping with blood. Black men fighting brown men, fighting yellow men." LI Krippner S. "The Psychedelic State, The Hypnotic Trance, and the Creative Act," Altered States of Consciousness, ed Charles T. Tart. John Wiley & Sons, 1969,1972. 1 N K LI N K On Yahoo or Google, type in the search box “celebrity and drugs” or “celebrity and ___”
  146. 146. Poster Grade: ___ Bullets, 14 Font Typed: ___/5 ___ Celebrity info: ___/10 ___ Drug information: ___/10 What group of drugs is it in? What are its effects? ___ Outcome of his/her drug use: ___/5 ___ Grammar / Proofread: ___/5 ___ 1 large portrait: ___/5 ___ Creativity: ___/5 ___ Neatness: ___/5 Poster Grade: ___ Bullets, 14 Font Typed: ___/5 ___ Celebrity info: ___/10 ___ Drug information: ___/10 What group of drugs is it in? What are its effects? ___ Outcome of his/her drug use: ___/5 ___ Grammar / Proofread: ___/5 ___ 1 large portrait: ___/5 ___ Creativity: ___/5 ___ Neatness: ___/5 Poster Grade: ___ Bullets, 14 Font Typed: ___/5 ___ Celebrity info: ___/10 ___ Drug information: ___/10 What group of drugs is it in? What are its effects? ___ Outcome of his/her drug use: ___/5 ___ Grammar / Proofread: ___/5 ___ 1 large portrait: ___/5 ___ Creativity: ___/5 ___ Neatness: ___/5 Poster Grade: ___ Bullets, 14 Font Typed: ___/5 ___ Celebrity info: ___/10 ___ Drug information: ___/10 What group of drugs is it in? What are its effects? ___ Outcome of his/her drug use: ___/5 ___ Grammar / Proofread: ___/5 ___ 1 large portrait: ___/5 ___ Creativity: ___/5 ___ Neatness: ___/5
  147. 147. Presentation Grade • Celebrity info: • Why famous ___/5 • Personal life info ___ / 5 • Drug information • Drug Names -Group -Category: ___ / 2 • Positives / Negatives ___/ 3 • What are its effects? ___ / 3 • Outcome of his/her drug use: ___/5 • Volume of Voice ___/ 5 • 1 large portrait ___ / 4 • Present without reading the poster ___/ 5 • Minimum of 2:30 Presentation ___/10 • Answer at least 3 quality questions. ___/3
  148. 148. Chapter 12 15 MC On All Drugs • Write 15 multiple choice questions on drugs. • Circle the correct answer. • No “yes/no” or “true/false” answers • Be sure to have two questions from each of the seven categories. One category may have 3 questions from it. If you don’t do this, your paper will be deducted 3 points for not following directions.
  149. 149. Drugs Test Review 1. List the 6 groups of drugs (not steroids) and write what some people like about it next to the name. 2. Name again the 6 groups and this time write next to the names what the dangers are. 3. List three problems with marijuana.
  150. 150. Christiane F. Skip: •Concert •Skip search for Babsi to Newspaper
  151. 151. Christiane Vera Felscherinow http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christiane_F. • Real Photo Montage •Real Photos of Them
  152. 152. Chapter 12 Section 4 A Drug-Free Life Warm Up – Date & Day is the title 1. Summarize how drug abuse can negatively affect a person’s life. 2. Identify the ways that drug abuse can affect a family. 3. List four ways that drug abuse impacts society. 4. Describe the 7 categories of drugs and list 2 examples of each one except for steroids.
  153. 153. Section 4 A Drug-Free Life Chapter 12 Drug abuse Affects the Individual • car accidents • The dangers of intoxication, side effects, and addiction are not the only risks of drug abuse. • Other risks include:
  154. 154. Chapter 12 Section 4 A Drug-Free Life accidental injury or death
  155. 155. Chapter 12 Section 4 A Drug-Free Life violence and criminal activity
  156. 156. Chapter 12 Section 4 A Drug-Free Life unplanned pregnancy
  157. 157. Chapter 12 Section 4 A Drug-Free Life sexually transmitted diseases
  158. 158. Chapter 12 Section 4 A Drug-Free Life Drug Abuse Affects the Family • When a teen or other family member is using drugs, it destroys trust within the family. • Drug abuse often leads to family violence. • Drug use can be dangerous to pregnant women and to the fetus. • Neonatal abstinence syndrome is withdrawal that occurs in newborn infants whose mothers were frequent drug users during pregnancy.
  159. 159. Chapter 12 Section 4 A Drug-Free Life Drug Abuse Affects Society • Like the use of tobacco and alcohol, drug use imposes economic costs on society. • Billions of dollars are spent in the U.S. each year on health care resulting from drug abuse. • There are also costs from lost productivity at work, accidents, suicide, and other drugrelated problems. • Drug abuse and addiction also increase crime. • 1 out of every 4 prisoners is in jail for a drugrelated crime.
  160. 160. Chapter 12 Section 4 A Drug-Free Life Treatment for Drug Addiction • Recovering is the process of learning to live without drugs. • Because drugs affect the brain, recovering from addiction is very difficult and usually requires treatment and extensive support. • Drug treatment approaches include 12-step programs, outpatient counseling, and residential communities.
  161. 161. Chapter 12 Section 4 A Drug-Free Life Principles for Effective Drug Treatment 1. No single treatment works for everyone. 2. Treatment should be available and easy to access. 3. The best treatment also addresses problems other than addiction. 4. Treatment should offer multiple services. 5. The longer an abuser stays in treatment, the more effective it is. 6. Group therapy builds skills for resisting drugs and developing relationships without drugs.
  162. 162. Chapter 12 Section 4 A Drug-Free Life Principles for Effective Drug Treatment 7. Medications can be an important part of treatment. 8. Mental illness should be treated along with addiction. 9. Treatment does not need to be voluntary. 10. Patients should be monitored. 11. Programs should test for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, and other diseases. 12. Recovery may require several periods of treatment to combat relapse.
  163. 163. Chapter 12 Section 4 A Drug-Free Life Saying No to Drugs • As with alcohol, tobacco, and other pressures, you should practice and be ready to say ―No‖ to drugs. • Say no firmly. • Buy yourself time. • Give good reasons. • State the consequences. • Say no again and include an alternate activity. • Walk away.
  164. 164. Section 4 A Drug-Free Life Chapter 12 What to Say • People who use drugs often use similar ―lines‖ when pressuring other people to join them. The following slide will give you some ideas of how you can respond.
  165. 165. Chapter 12

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