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Mr. Estrella
Nutrition – Ch.7
Another Mr. Estrella
Product...
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Mr. Estrella
Why are we learning this?
•Because what you e...
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Mr. Estrella
Nutrition for Life
Contents
• Section 1 Carbo...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
B...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
O...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
W...
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 Calories
measures the
energy in food!
Teen boys need abo...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
W...
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Mr. Estrella
HW: Sketch & Label P.
538, then beneath the
s...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
W...
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Breakfast
The most important meal of the day!!!
Chapter 7 ...
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Stomach Ulcers
Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, an...
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Stomach Ulcers
Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, an...
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Yummy, Breakfast!
Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats,...
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Ch-7.1 Rev #1
1. Name the 6 classes of nutrients.
2. What ...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
•...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
C...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
C...
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 Glucose: The most important
sugar in the body because it...
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Insulin is a chemical made
by the pancreas. Insulin tells
...
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 Kid onset diabetes (type-1) the pancreas doesn’t
squirt ...
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Normal Glucose:
70-99mg / dL of
blood after fasting
1. Pee...
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1. What do carbohydrates give you?
2. What does insulin do...
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Insoluble fiber is
the kind our bodies
cannot digest. This...
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Colon Cancer
Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
...
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Colon Cancer
Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
...
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Hemorrhoids
Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
P...
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Hemorrhoids
Chapter 7
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
P...
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Fiber –
fibercon
or
metamucil
Chapter 7
Section 1 Carbohyd...
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Benefits of Soluble Fiber: lower total cholesterol and
LDL...
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Ch-7.1 Review #3
1. What is constipation?
2. Name 3 things...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
F...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
F...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
F...
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Trans Fat: occurs in
manufactured foods during
the process...
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Trans Fats
 Do your best to stay away from hydrogenated o...
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The AHA recommends
that adults use
unhydrogenated oils (li...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
F...
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Mr. Estrella
Total Cholesterol
Blood Level Explanation
Les...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
ProteinsCh...
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Mr. Estrella
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Heart Attack
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
C...
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 A stroke occurs when the blood supply to an area of the
...
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Ch-7.1 Rev #4
1. Name the 6 classes of nutrients.
2. List ...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and
Water
Objec...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
P...
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Muscles
Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and
Proteins
Chapte...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and
Water
Bellr...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and
Water
Water...
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•Diuretics: chemicals that make
you lose more water than w...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and
Water
• Vit...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and
WaterChapte...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and WaterChapte...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and
Water
Miner...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
Chapt...
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Salt (Sodium)
 Salt has been linked to
high blood pressur...
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 120 / 80 is average Blood Pressure
Section 2 Vitamins, M...
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Ch-7.2 Review #1
1. What are proteins used for?
2. What fo...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional
Needs
show...
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Mr. Estrella
Grains
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7.3 Review #1
1. What information does
the food pyramid gi...
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Mr. Estrella
Chapter 7
Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional
...
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Liver & bile
 Bile breaks down fats &
oil
Section 3 Meeti...
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Gall Stones
Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional
Needs
Chapt...
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Appendix
Appendicitis
Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional
N...
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Food
Poisoning
any illness resulting from the
consumption ...
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Food
Poisoning
Foodborne illness usually
arises from impro...
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1. What is the main job of the
liver?
2. What does the liv...
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Food Additives:
 Preservatives: chemicals that
keep food ...
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Pesticides
Some of these cause
cancer
Section 3 Meeting Yo...
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 foods that do not use pesticides or chemicals on it are
...
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 Energy drinks are very
popular due to great
advertising....
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Red Bull Energy Drink
Ingredients: carbonated water,
sucro...
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Monster Energy Drink
Ingredients: carbonated water, sucros...
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7.3 Review 3
1. Give me some common
food additives?
2. Wha...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
Bellringe...
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Mr. Estrella
Objectives
• Describe what the Recommended Da...
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Mr. Estrella
Understanding Food Labels
• Serving Size Nutr...
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Mr. Estrella
Understanding Food Labels
• Daily Values (DVs...
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Mr. Estrella
Understanding Other Terms on Food Packaging
•...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
Simple St...
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Nutrition Label Review
1. What does the serving size of a
...
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9.. How many pieces in
one serving?
10. How many servings
...
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15. How many bars in one
serving?
16. How many calories ar...
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Mr. Estrella
Daily Value % Table
Meal Calories %Total Fat ...
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Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
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Sausage McMuffin & HashbrownChapter 7
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Orange Juice
Chapter 7
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Pizza & Wings
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Chapter 7
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Mashed
Potatos
Chapter 7
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Double-double

Double
Quarter
Pounder
w/
cheese
Chapter 7
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French Fries
Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
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Vanilla Shake
medium 
Small Oreo
McFlurry

Chapter 7
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Vanilla Frapuccino
no whip cream 
Chapter 7
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 6” Turkey
Sandwich, no
mayo.
Doritos
Nacho Chips
(below)
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Mayonnaise
Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
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Milk
Whole
Milk
Non Fat
Milk 
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Apple
Banana

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Day’s Result
1. What are calories?
2. What is the total ca...
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ABC News – Obesity Crisis DVD
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Diet Coke served in
cans and bottles in
the U.S. is sweete...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
Simple St...
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Healthy Foods
Section 4 Choosing a Healthful DietChapter 7
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Healthy Foods
Section 4 Choosing a Healthful DietChapter 7
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Mr. Estrella
Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
Special D...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
Special D...
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Mr. Estrella
Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
Choosing ...
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•Vegans are vegetarians
that eat no animal products
in any...
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Mr. Estrella
The End!!!
Nutrition for LifeChapter 7
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Nutrition Chapter Review
1. Why do you think fast food is ...
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Listen, the test on
this chapter will
be soon. Study.
Don’...
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15 MC on Nutrition
 Write 15 multiple choices on
nutritio...
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Video:
Super Size Me - maybe
Chapter 7 Nutrition for Life
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Mr. Estrella
Time for Extra Credit for one winning table
Y...
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Mr. Estrella
Warm Up - date
1. Explain what
calories tell ...
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Mr. Estrella
Warm Up
6. Explain to someone why
even if the...
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Mr. Estrella
10 MC on Nutrition
3 answers to choose
from
N...
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Ch 07 nutrition pp show

  1. 1. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Nutrition – Ch.7 Another Mr. Estrella Production Nutrition for LifeChapter 7
  2. 2. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Why are we learning this? •Because what you eat may determine how you die! #1 Heart Disease #2 Cancer #3 Stroke
  3. 3. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Nutrition for Life Contents • Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins • Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water • Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs • Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet Collect HW: Ch-7.1 P. 154-157 5 F/P Chapter 7
  4. 4. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Bellringer #1 • What does the phrase “You are what you eat” mean? Chapter 7
  5. 5. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Objectives • Name the six classes of nutrients. • Identify the functions and food sources of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. • Describe the need for enough fiber in your diet. • Identify one health disorder linked to high levels of saturated fats in the diet. • Describe how diet can influence health. Chapter 7
  6. 6. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins What is Nutrition? • Metabolism is making energy and using it. • High metabolism means you burn energy fast. Chapter 7
  7. 7. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.  Calories measures the energy in food! Teen boys need about 2800 Teen girls need about 2100 Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  8. 8. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins What is Nutrition? • Nutrition is the science or study of food and the ways the body uses food. • 6 Nutrients are substances in food that keep you healthy! Chapter 7
  9. 9. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella HW: Sketch & Label P. 538, then beneath the sketch, list the path the food goes through from the mouth to the anus.
  10. 10. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins What is Nutrition? • Six Classes of Nutrients Chapter 7 1. Carbohydrates 2. Fats & Oils 3. Proteins 4. Water 5. Minerals 6. Vitamins • A Balanced Diet To be healthy, you need the right amount of nutrients from each class of nutrients.
  11. 11. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Breakfast The most important meal of the day!!! Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  12. 12. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Stomach Ulcers Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  13. 13. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Stomach Ulcers Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  14. 14. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Yummy, Breakfast! Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  15. 15. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Ch-7.1 Rev #1 1. Name the 6 classes of nutrients. 2. What is metabolism? 3. What are calories used to measure? 4. How many calories do boys/girls need a day? 5. How many calories do boys/girls get for each meal , if they eat 3 times a day? 6. What is an ulcer? 7. What are some signs of an ulcer? 8. Why is breakfast so important? 9. What are three things that may happen if you don’t get enough water? Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins HW: Ch-7.1 P. 158-160 5 F/P
  16. 16. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins • Carbohydrates are energy-giving nutrients that include sugars, starches, and fiber. Chapter 7
  17. 17. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Carbohydrates • Carbohydrates are energy-giving nutrients that include sugars, starches, and fiber. 45-65% of your calorie needs. • Sugars are the simplest form of carbohydrates. • Starches are more complex carbohydrates that can be broken down into sugars. • Glycogen is a form of carbohydrate your body uses for short-term energy storage. • Fiber is a complex carbohydrate that provides little energy and cannot be digested. However, fiber is important to keep your digestive system healthy. Chapter 7
  18. 18. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Carbohydrates
  19. 19. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.  Glucose: The most important sugar in the body because it provides energy to the body’s cells. It moves in your blood. Also found as part of sucrose & starch.  Remember, if it ends in –ose, it is usually a sugar! Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  20. 20. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Insulin is a chemical made by the pancreas. Insulin tells cells like your muscles and fat tissue to suck up glucose (sugar) from the blood. This is important because high levels of sugar become poisonous. Diabetes Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  21. 21. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.  Kid onset diabetes (type-1) the pancreas doesn’t squirt enough insulin to remove high blood sugar. Caused by early destruction of pancreas cells by viral infection or by the body attacking the pancreas. Currently - no cure.  Adult onset diabetes (type-2) caused by either a pancreas that's not squirting out enough insulin or the insulin that it does, is not effectively stimulating your other tissues to take sugar from the blood. This form of diabetes is most often found in persons very overweight. Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  22. 22. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Normal Glucose: 70-99mg / dL of blood after fasting 1. Peeing a lot & being 2. thirsty a lot. 3. tired If so, get tested!!! Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins NBC - Life with Diabetes
  23. 23. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. 1. What do carbohydrates give you? 2. What does insulin do in the body? 3. What is the main problem in diabetes? Like, what happens if you have it? 4. What are two signs of diabetes? 5. What is the name of the sugar our cells use for energy? 6. Which nutrient has the energy we need? 7. What does it generally mean if it ends in “- ose?” 8. What does “fasting” mean? 9. What is a normal glucose level in blood? Chapter 7 Ch-7.1 Review #2 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  24. 24. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Insoluble fiber is the kind our bodies cannot digest. This type of fiber increases stool bulk and fights constipation, allowing us to have regular bowel movements. Helps prevent colon cancer & hemorrhoids. Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  25. 25. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Colon Cancer Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  26. 26. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Colon Cancer Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Colon Cancer Removing Colon Polyp
  27. 27. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Hemorrhoids Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  28. 28. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Hemorrhoids Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Hemorrhoid Treatment Fiber & Water
  29. 29. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Fiber – fibercon or metamucil Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  30. 30. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Benefits of Soluble Fiber: lower total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol (the Bad cholesterol) therefore reducing the risk of heart disease regulate blood sugar for people with diabetes Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  31. 31. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Ch-7.1 Review #3 1. What is constipation? 2. Name 3 things fiber helps prevent. 3. What are hemorrhoids? 4. How many fruits should you eat everyday? 5. How many vegetables should you eat everyday? 6. What can you buy at the market for fiber? 7. What are two signs of hemorrhoids? 8. Which are the two best fruits for fiber? 9. What is the colon? 10. What is a colonoscopy? Chapter 7 Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  32. 32. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Fats • Fats are the body’s main form of long-term energy storage. • Fats are classified by the types of fatty acids they contain. Chapter 7
  33. 33. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Fats • Saturated fats contain saturated fatty acids and are BAD. • (A fatty acid is saturated when every carbon atom is bonded to as many hydrogen atoms as possible. • Saturated fats are usually solid at room temperature. They come from foods such as meat and milk.) • Eating too many saturated fats can lead to obesity, high cholesterol levels, and increased risk of heart disease. Chapter 7
  34. 34. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Fats • Unsaturated fats contain unsaturated fatty acids. • (A fatty acid is unsaturated when the carbon atoms are not bonded to as many hydrogen atoms as possible.) • Saturated fats are usually liquid at room temperature. They come from foods such as oils and fish. Chapter 7
  35. 35. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Trans Fat: occurs in manufactured foods during the process of partial hydrogenation, when hydrogen gas is bubbled through vegetable oil to increase shelf life and stabilize the original polyunsatured oil. The resulting fat is similar to saturated fat, which raises "bad" LDL cholesterol and can lead to clogged arteries and heart disease. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7
  36. 36. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Trans Fats  Do your best to stay away from hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated oil.
  37. 37. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. The AHA recommends that adults use unhydrogenated oils (like olive oil and canola) as much as possible, and choose processed foods that are made with unhydrogenated (unsaturated) oils Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
  38. 38. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Fats • Cholesterol • Your body makes cholesterol. You also get cholesterol from foods such as meat, eggs, and dairy products. • Cholesterol is necessary for certain body functions • Too much of LDL Cholesterol in your diet can cause sticking on blood vessel walls, increasing the risk of a heart attack. Chapter 7
  39. 39. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Total Cholesterol Blood Level Explanation Less than 200 mg/dL Normal level that puts you at lower risk for heart disease. 200 to 239 mg/dL Borderline high. A level of more that 200 mg/dL increases your risk. 240 mg/dL and above High. This level more than doubles the risk for heart disease. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7
  40. 40. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and ProteinsChapter 7
  41. 41. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella
  42. 42. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Heart Attack Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Heart Attack CPR at Hospital
  43. 43. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.  A stroke occurs when the blood supply to an area of the brain is interrupted, disrupted or a blood vessel bursts. the third leading cause of death in the U.S Brain Stroke Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7
  44. 44. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Ch-7.1 Rev #4 1. Name the 6 classes of nutrients. 2. List 3 types of fats we discussed. 3. Which nutrient has more energy, fats or carbs? 4. Which is more dangerous, unsaturated or saturated? 5. What is a calorie? 6. Why should you care about calories? 7. Why do companies make trans fats? 8. What two cooking oils are recommended? 9. What does cholesterol do to blood vessels? 10. What 2 diseases can you get from fats & cholesterol? HW: Ch-7.2 P. 161- 166 5 F/P Chapter 7 Well this sucks!
  45. 45. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water Objectives • Describe the function and food sources of seven vitamins. • Describe the function and food sources of seven minerals. • Identify the importance of drinking enough water every day. • Name two ways to increase your calcium intake. Chapter 7
  46. 46. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Proteins • Proteins are made of amino acids, which are used in building and repairing structures in the body. • Essential amino acids are nine amino acids that the body cannot produce on its own. • Complete proteins are dietary proteins that contain all the essential amino acids. • Incomplete proteins do not contain all the essential amino acids. Chapter 7
  47. 47. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Muscles Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7
  48. 48. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water Bellringer #2 • Write down the names of the vitamins and minerals you have heard of. In what kinds of foods do you think each of these would be found? Chapter 7
  49. 49. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water Water • About 60% of your body is water. • Drink at least 2 ½ quarts of water each day (2.3L or 80 fl. oz.) or about 8 glasses. • Mild dehydration can interfere with mental and physical performance, bad breath & bad body odor. • 1 quart = 32 oz. Chapter 7 5  If it says .5L
  50. 50. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. •Diuretics: chemicals that make you lose more water than what you drink by urinating. Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water Chapter 7
  51. 51. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water • Vitamins are carbon- containing nutrients that are needed in small amounts to maintain health and allow growth. Chapter 7
  52. 52. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and WaterChapter 7
  53. 53. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and WaterChapter 7
  54. 54. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water Minerals • Minerals are chemical elements that are essential in small amounts to maintain good health. • Nutrient deficiency is the state of not having enough of a nutrient to maintain good health. • Enriched: when something is added to food, like vitamins or minerals. • Iron-deficiency is a worldwide problem that causes anemia. Red meats are rich in iron. Chapter 7
  55. 55. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water Chapter 7
  56. 56. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Salt (Sodium)  Salt has been linked to high blood pressure & abnormal heart rhythms Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water Chapter 7
  57. 57. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.  120 / 80 is average Blood Pressure Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water Chapter 7
  58. 58. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Ch-7.2 Review #1 1. What are proteins used for? 2. What foods have proteins? 3. What are vitamins good for? 4. What are minerals good for and where do they come from? 5. What is normal blood pressure around? 6. Why is too much salt bad for us? 7. How much water should we drink everyday? 8. What is diuretic? 9. What are the six nutrients 10. What are all tubes that carry blood called? Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water HW: Ch-7.3 P.167-174 5 Facts/Page Draw & Label P. 538 Quiz? Chapter 7 Must…use… my superpowers!
  59. 59. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs shows the recommended number of servings from each of six food groups. Chapter 7 Grains DAIRY MEAT & NUTS
  60. 60. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Grains
  61. 61. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. 7.3 Review #1 1. What information does the food pyramid give? 2. What are the 6 food groups? 3. Why is the top area smaller than bottom? 4. What are three foods you should eat a lot of? 5. Cereal is good, what would mess it up? 6. What could make milk and fish bad? 7. What are grains? 8.What is pasta made from? 9. Why eat fruits & vegetables? (3 things) Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs Chapter 7
  62. 62. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Chapter 7 Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs Pancreas: makes insulin & pancreatic juice Pancreatic Juice: removes acid from small intestines & has some digestive enzymes. Liver: bile to digest fat Gall Bladder: saves bile Pyloric gland: makes mucus Gastric Gland: makes HCl, stomach acid.
  63. 63. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Liver & bile  Bile breaks down fats & oil Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs Chapter 7
  64. 64. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Gall Stones Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs Chapter 7 Gall Bladder Problems
  65. 65. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Appendix Appendicitis Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs Chapter 7 Appendicitis Surgery
  66. 66. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Food Poisoning any illness resulting from the consumption of contaminated food. There are two types of food poisoning: infectious agent and toxic agent. Food infection refers to the presence of bacteria or other microbes which infect the body after consumption. Food intoxication refers to the ingestion of toxins contained within the food,, most cases are caused by a variety of pathogenic bacteria, viruses, or parasites that contaminate food.
  67. 67. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Food Poisoning Foodborne illness usually arises from improper handling, preparation, or food storage. Good hygiene practices before, during, and after food preparation can reduce the chances of contracting an illness
  68. 68. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. 1. What is the main job of the liver? 2. What does the liver make? 3. What does not function any longer in the digestive system? 4. What is bile for? 5. Where is bile stored? 6. What does the pancreas make? 7. What is diabetes? 8. What is heart disease / attack? 9. What is a stroke? 7.3 Review #2 Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs Chapter 7
  69. 69. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Food Additives:  Preservatives: chemicals that keep food from spoiling.  Food coloring: chemicals that paint the food.  Artificial flavors: chemicals that change the flavor. Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs Chapter 7
  70. 70. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Pesticides Some of these cause cancer Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs Chapter 7
  71. 71. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.  foods that do not use pesticides or chemicals on it are called organic. Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs Chapter 7
  72. 72. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.  Energy drinks are very popular due to great advertising. They have fancy names like, rock star energy drink, red bull energy drink, monster energy drink, go girl energy drink, rip it energy drink, sobe energy drink and so on. Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs Chapter 7
  73. 73. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Red Bull Energy Drink Ingredients: carbonated water, sucrose, glucose, sodium citrate, taurine, glucuronolactone, caffeine, inositol, niacin, D-pantothenol, pyridoxine HCL, vitamin B12, artificial flavors, colors Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs Chapter 7
  74. 74. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Monster Energy Drink Ingredients: carbonated water, sucrose, glucose, citric acid, taurine, natural flavors, sodium citrate, l-carnitine, panax ginseng root extract, ascorbic acid, caffeine, sodium chloride, niacinamide, riboflavin, guarana seed extract, inositol, glucuronalactone, pyridoxine hydrochloride, cyanobalmin Nutrition Facts: serving size 8 fl oz; servings per container 2; calories 100; total carbs 26g; sugars 26g; vitamin c 60mg; riboflavin 1.7mg; niacin 20mg; vitamin b6 2mg; vitamin b12 6mcg; sodium 180mg; taurine 1000mg; panax-ginseng 200mg; energy blend 2500mg Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs Chapter 7
  75. 75. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. 7.3 Review 3 1. Give me some common food additives? 2. What may food additives cause? 3. What are preservatives for? 4. What does organic foods mean? 5. What are pesticides used for? Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs HW: Ch-7 Sec. 4 P. 175-178 5 F/P Chapter 7
  76. 76. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet Bellringer #4 1. List junk, snack or fast food items that you like to eat. 2. What healthier foods could you substitute for these foods? Chapter 7
  77. 77. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Objectives • Describe what the Recommended Daily Allowances (RDAs) are. • Analyze the nutritional value of a food by using the information on the food label. • Identify the purpose of the Food Guide Pyramid and identify foods from each of its food groups. • Summarize the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. • Determine whether your daily diet meets the Food Guide Pyramid recommendations. Chapter 7 Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
  78. 78. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Understanding Food Labels • Serving Size Nutrition labels show the size of a single serving. All other values on the label are in reference to this serving size. Chapter 7 Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
  79. 79. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Understanding Food Labels • Daily Values (DVs) are recommended daily amounts of nutrients. Should add to 100% at the end of the day. • The percentage DV tells the amount of the nutrient in a serving relative to the total recommended daily amount for a 2000-Calorie diet. Chapter 7 Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
  80. 80. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Understanding Other Terms on Food Packaging • Food labels list ingredients in order of weight. Chapter 7 Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
  81. 81. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet Simple Steps to a More Healthful Diet • Nutrient density is a measure of the nutrients in a food compared with the energy the food provides. • Food with low nutrient density is sometimes called junk food. • Eating junk food occasionally is OK, but you should always aim for balance and moderation. • You can make up for the nutrients missing in junk food by eating healthier foods at other times of the day. Chapter 7
  82. 82. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Nutrition Label Review 1. What does the serving size of a package tell you? 2. What are the six nutrients found in food? 3. What are the six food groups? 4. In the Daily Value, what % should the total value at the end of the day be? 5. In what order are ingredients listed on a package? 6. Using the label  what is the serving size? 7. How many servings are there in the package?  8. How many calories in 1 serving? KIT KAT Wafer Bar Chapter 7
  83. 83. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. 9.. How many pieces in one serving? 10. How many servings in the package? 11. How much DV % saturated fat in the package? 12. How much DV% trans fats in the package? 13. How many calories in the package? 14. Is this a healthy choice? Why? Reeses Pieces – 1 bag=48 pieces HW: Ch-7 Sec 4 P. 179-182 5 Facts/Page
  84. 84. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. 15. How many bars in one serving? 16. How many calories are in the package? 17. How much DV% saturated fat in the package? 18. How much DV% trans fats in the package? 19. How much DV% cholesterol does the package have? 20. Is this a healthy choice? Why? Snickers
  85. 85. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Daily Value % Table Meal Calories %Total Fat %Cholesterol %Sodium %Fiber Total % “write it at the very bottom” Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
  86. 86. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
  87. 87. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Sausage McMuffin & HashbrownChapter 7
  88. 88. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Orange Juice Chapter 7
  89. 89. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Pizza & Wings
  90. 90. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Chapter 7
  91. 91. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mashed Potatos Chapter 7
  92. 92. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Double-double  Double Quarter Pounder w/ cheese Chapter 7
  93. 93. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. French Fries Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
  94. 94. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Vanilla Shake medium  Small Oreo McFlurry  Chapter 7
  95. 95. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Vanilla Frapuccino no whip cream  Chapter 7
  96. 96. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.  6” Turkey Sandwich, no mayo. Doritos Nacho Chips (below)
  97. 97. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mayonnaise Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
  98. 98. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Milk Whole Milk Non Fat Milk 
  99. 99. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Apple Banana 
  100. 100. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Day’s Result 1. What are calories? 2. What is the total calories from the table? 3. Would a teenager gain weight from the table we did in class? 4. Why or why not would they gain weight? 5. What is the total fat % from the table? 6. What is a possible result of too much fat? 7. What is the total cholesterol % from the table? 8. What are 2 possible results of too much cholesterol? 9. What is the total salt % from the table? 10. What are the results of too much salt? Section 4 Choosing a Healthful DietChapter 7 Don’t be sad! This is easy.
  101. 101. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ABC News – Obesity Crisis DVD
  102. 102. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Diet Coke served in cans and bottles in the U.S. is sweetened with aspartame, while the fountain dispensed product is sweetened with a blend of aspartame and saccharin. National Cancer Institute found that saccharine was indeed connected with bladder cancer A long-term, large-scale study of the effect of aspartame on 1,800 rats showed that aspartame caused cancer of the kidney, and of the peripheral nerves in the head. Earlier data from the same study linked aspartame to a greater risk of leukemias and lymphomas Chapter 7
  103. 103. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet Simple Steps to a More Healthful Diet • Food prepared at home often has less fat and sodium than food from fast- food restaurants. • Eating snacks can be healthy if you choose to snack on healthier foods. Chapter 7
  104. 104. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Healthy Foods Section 4 Choosing a Healthful DietChapter 7
  105. 105. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Healthy Foods Section 4 Choosing a Healthful DietChapter 7
  106. 106. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet Special Dietary Needs • Athletes must drink lots of fluids and avoid dehydration. • Athletes need a diet high in carbohydrates for extra energy. • Most athletes do not need extra protein in their diets. Chapter 7
  107. 107. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet Special Dietary Needs • Athletes do not need dietary supplements to improve performance. In fact, these supplements can be dangerous. • If you take a dietary supplement, do not exceed the Tolerable Upper Intake Limit for any nutrient. Chapter 7
  108. 108. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet Choosing a Vegetarian Diet • A vegetarian diet is one in which few or no animal products are eaten. • Most vegetarians get all the proteins they need from the small amounts of animal products they eat. Chapter 7
  109. 109. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. •Vegans are vegetarians that eat no animal products in any form. Vegans must eat from a variety of plant sources to get all the essential amino acids, vitamins & minerals and other important nutrients. Chapter 7
  110. 110. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella The End!!! Nutrition for LifeChapter 7
  111. 111. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Nutrition Chapter Review 1. Why do you think fast food is bad if eaten often? 2. When someone wants a candy bar, soda or chips, what would be healthy substitutes? 3. Explain the dangers of diet drinks. 4. Explain the dangers of regular sodas. 5. Which condiment should be avoided? 6. What are vegetarians? 7. What are vegans? 8. What is so special about glucose? 9. Why do you need water? 10. What does fiber help against? Chapter 7
  112. 112. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Listen, the test on this chapter will be soon. Study. Don’t make me come back!
  113. 113. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. 15 MC on Nutrition  Write 15 multiple choices on nutrition chapter.  Include 3 answers to choose from  Circle the letter of the correct answer for each question.  No “true/false”  No “yes/no” answers  No “all of the above” OMG! 15? You cannot be serious!
  114. 114. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Video: Super Size Me - maybe Chapter 7 Nutrition for Life
  115. 115. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Time for Extra Credit for one winning table You may stop the video at any time by pressing the Esc key. Brain Food Video Quiz Brain Food Video Quiz Nutrition for LifeChapter 7
  116. 116. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Warm Up - date 1. Explain what calories tell us. 2. How many calories in a Big Mac? 3. How many calories do girls need? Boys? 4. What does %daily value mean? 5. So is this a healthy amount of %fat? Why?
  117. 117. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella Warm Up 6. Explain to someone why even if they are an athlete, they can still get a heart attack or stroke if they eat junk food. 7. Why eat salads if they don’t provide energy?
  118. 118. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. Mr. Estrella 10 MC on Nutrition 3 answers to choose from No true/false No yes/no
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