Mr. Estrella
Nutrition
Another Mr. Estrella
Production
For information contact: mrestrella@outlook.com
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Mr. Estrella
Why are we learning this?
•Because what you eat may determine how you die!
#1 Heart Disease
#2 Cancer
#3 Stro...
Mr. Estrella
Nutrition for Life
Contents
• Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins
• Section 2 Vitamins,
Minerals, and...
Mr. Estrella
Objectives
• Name the six classes of
nutrients.
• Identify the functions and food
sources of carbohydrates,
p...
Mr. Estrella
• Metabolism is
making energy
from what you
eat.
• High metabolism
means you burn
energy fast.
Section 1 What...
Calories:
measures the
energy in food!
Teen boys need about 2800
Teen girls need about 2100
Section 1 What is
Nutrition?
C...
Mr. Estrella
What is Nutrition?
• Nutrition: is the
study of food and the
ways the body uses
food.
• Nutrients are
substan...
Mr. Estrella
Six Classes of
Nutrients
1. Carbohydrates
2. Fats & Oils
3. Proteins
4. Water
5. Minerals
6. Vitamins
• A Bal...
Mr. Estrella
HW: Sketch & Label P. 538,
then beneath the sketch, list
the path the food goes
through from the mouth to
the...
Breakfast
The most important meal of the day!!!
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins
What happens if you don’t eat
...
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins Stomach Ulcers
Ulcer: a blister or hole
in the stomach or
intestine.
Signs: of...
Yummy, Breakfast!
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Ch-7.1 Rev #1
1. Name the 6 classes of nutrients.
2. What is metabolism?
3. What are calories used to measure?
4. How many...
Mr. Estrella
Carbohydrates are
energy-giving nutrients
that include sugars,
starches, and fiber.
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
...
Mr. Estrella
Carbohydrates
• Carbohydrates are energy-giving nutrients that
include sugars, starches, and fiber. 45-65% of...
Mr. Estrella
Carbohydrates
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins
Chapter 7 Nutrition
 Glucose: The most important
sugar in the body because it
provides energy to the body’s
cells. It moves in your blood.
Al...
Insulin is a chemical made
by the pancreas. Insulin tells
cells to suck up glucose
(sugar) from the blood. This
is importa...
Kid onset diabetes (type-1) the pancreas doesn’t
squirt enough insulin to remove high blood sugar.
Caused by early destru...
Normal Glucose
Levels: 70-99mg /
dL of blood after
fasting
Signs of diabetes:
1.Peeing a lot &
being
2.thirsty a lot.
3.Ti...
1. What do carbohydrates give you?
2. What does insulin do in the body?
3. What does “fasting” mean?
4. Name the sugar our...
Insoluble fiber is the
kind our bodies
cannot digest. This
type of fiber
increases stool bulk
and fights
constipation
(una...
Colon Cancer
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins
Colon Cancer.
Removing Colon Polyp
Colon Cancer
Colon Cancer is cancer
in the ...
Hemorrhoids
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins Hemorrhoids also
called piles, are
swollen veins around
the anus o...
Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoid Treatment Fiber & Water
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Fiber – you can get
extra fiber from fruits
or store products like
fibercon or
metamucil
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, an...
Other Benefits of Soluble Fiber:
lowers total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol (the
Bad cholesterol) therefore reducing th...
Ch-7.1 Review #3
1. What is constipation?
2. What are hemorrhoids?
3. What is the colon?
4. What is a colonoscopy?
5. What...
Mr. Estrella
Fats Have the most
energy. They are the
body’s main form of
long-term energy
storage.
Section 1 Carbohydrates...
Mr. Estrella
• Saturated fats contain
saturated fatty acids and are
BAD. They come from foods
such as meat and milk.
• Eat...
Mr. Estrella
• Unsaturated fats contain
unsaturated fatty acids.
The best kind of fat.
• Are usually liquid at room
temper...
Trans Fat: The worst fat
of all. Hydrogen gas is
bubbled through
vegetable oil to increase
shelf life. It raises "bad"
LDL...
The AHA recommends
unhydrogenated oils
(like olive oil and
canola) as much as
possible, and choose
processed foods that
ar...
Mr. Estrella
• Cholesterol -Your body
makes cholesterol. You also
get cholesterol from foods
such as meat, eggs, and
dairy...
Mr. Estrella
Total Cholesterol
Blood Level Explanation
Less than
200 mg/dL
Normal level that puts you at lower risk for
he...
Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Mr. Estrella
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Angina: insufficient blood
flows to part of the heart,
causing a feeling of pressure
or a squeezing in the chest. It
can f...
Heart Attack: Myocardial
infarction or acute
myocardial infarction,
commonly known as a heart
attack, occurs when blood
fl...
Heart Attack Signs:
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Heart Attack Sign
Heart Attack - First...
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to an
area of the brain is interrupted, disrupted or a
blood vessel bursts.
the thir...
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Signs of a stroke:
•Sudden numbness or weakness in
the fac...
Section 1 Carbohydrates,
Fats, and Proteins
Chapter 7 Nutrition
F.A.S.T. Do the following simple test for a stroke:
F—Face...
Mr. Estrella
Proteins are made
of amino acids, which
are used in building
and repairing
structures in the body
– like musc...
Ch-7.1 Rev #4
1. Name the 6 classes of nutrients.
2. List 3 types of fats we discussed.
3. Which nutrient has more energy,...
Mr. Estrella
Objectives
• Describe the function and food sources of seven
vitamins.
• Describe the function and food sourc...
Mr. Estrella
Water
• About 60% of your body
is water. Ex. blood.
• Drink at least 80 fl. oz,
about 8 glasses or 5
bottles ...
Diuretics: chemicals that make you
lose more water than what you
drink by urinating.
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Section 2 Vitamin...
Mr. Estrella
Vitamins are carbon-
containing nutrients
that are needed in
small amounts to
maintain health.
Chapter 7 Nutr...
Mr. Estrella
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Section 2 Vitamins,
Minerals, and Water
Mr. Estrella
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Mr. Estrella
Minerals
• Minerals are chemical elements
that are essential in small amounts
to maintain good health. Come
f...
Mr. Estrella
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Salt (Sodium)
 High Blood Pressure:
 Salt has been linked to
high blood pressure &
abnormal heart rhythms.
Chapter 7 Nut...
120/80 is normal Blood Pressure
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Section 2 Vitamins,
Minerals, and Water
Larger
number –
more
pressure
Ch-7.2 Review #1
1. What are proteins used for?
2. What foods have proteins?
3. What are vitamins good for?
4. What is diu...
Mr. Estrella
shows the recommended
number of servings from
each of six food groups.
GRAINS
DAIRY
MEAT &
NUTS
Chapter 7 Nut...
Mr. Estrella
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Grains are small, hard, dry
seeds.
7.3 Review #1 Pyramid
1. What information does
the food pyramid
give?
2. What are the 6 food
groups?
3. Why is the top are...
Mr. Estrella
Pancreas: makes
insulin & pancreatic
juice
Pancreatic Juice:
removes acid from
small intestines & has
some di...
Liver, Bile &
Gallbaldder
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Section 3 Meeting Your
Nutritional Needs
Liver: makes bile to
digest fats & ...
Gall Stones: stones in the
gall bladder or bile duct.
Gall Bladder Problems
Gallstones -Ways to Prevent
Chapter 7 Nutritio...
Appendix: may be a useless
remnant from our
evolutionary past. May have
digested cellulose for energy.
Surgical removal of...
Food
Poisoning
any illness resulting from the
consumption of contaminated food.
There are two types of food
poisoning: inf...
Food
Poisoning Food Poisoning usually
arises from improper
handling, preparation, or food
storage. Good hygiene
practices ...
1. What is the main job of the liver?
2. What does the liver make?
3. What does not function any longer
in the digestive s...
Food Additives: things added
to food.
 Preservatives: chemicals
that keep food from spoiling.
 Food coloring: chemicals
...
Pesticides: used to kill
pests, for example at a
farm.
Some of these cause
cancer
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Section 3 Meeting Yo...
 Organic: foods that do
not use pesticides or
chemicals on it.
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Section 3 Meeting Your
Nutritional Nee...
Energy drinks: use
sugar and caffeine to
give energy.
Very popular due to great
advertising. They have
fancy names like,...
Red Bull Energy Drink
Ingredients: carbonated water,
sucrose, glucose, sodium citrate,
taurine, glucuronolactone, caffeine...
Monster Energy Drink
Ingredients: carbonated water, sucrose,
glucose, citric acid, taurine, natural flavors,
sodium citrat...
7.3 Review 3
1. Give me some common
food additives?
2. What may food additives
cause?
3. What are preservatives
for?
4. Wh...
Mr. Estrella
Objectives
• Describe what the Recommended Daily Allowances
(RDAs) are.
• Analyze the nutritional value of a ...
Mr. Estrella
Understanding Food Labels
• Serving Size Nutrition labels show the size of a single
serving. All other values...
Mr. Estrella
Understanding Food Labels
• Daily Values (DVs) are recommended daily amounts of
nutrients. Should add to 100%...
Mr. Estrella
Understanding Other Terms on Food Packaging
• Food labels list
ingredients in
order of weight.
Chapter 7 Nutr...
Mr. Estrella
Simple Steps to a More Healthful Diet
• Nutrient density is a measure of
the nutrients in a food compared
wit...
Nutrition Label Review
1. What does the serving size of a
package tell you?
2. What are the six nutrients found in
food?
3...
9.. How many pieces in
one serving?
10. How many servings
are in the package?
11. How much DV %
saturated fat in the
packa...
15. How many bars in one
serving?
16. How many calories are in
the package?
17. How much DV% saturated
fat in the package?...
Mr. Estrella
Daily Value % Table
Meal Calories %Total Fat %Cholesterol %Sodium %Fiber
Total % “write it at
the very bottom...
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Section 4 Choosing a
Healthful Diet
Sausage McMuffin & HashbrownChapter 7 Nutrition
Orange Juice
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Double-double

Double
Quarter
Pounder
w/
cheese
French Fries
Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Vanilla Shake
medium 
Small Oreo
McFlurry

Pizza & Wings
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Mashed
Potatos
Vanilla Frapuccino
no whip cream 
 6” Turkey
Sandwich, no
mayo.
Doritos
Nacho Chips
(below)
Mayonnaise
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Milk
Whole
Milk
Non Fat
Milk 
Apple
Banana

Day’s Result
1. What are calories?
2. What is the total calories from the table?
3. Would a teenager gain weight from the ...
Diet Coke served in
cans and bottles in
the U.S. is sweetened
with aspartame, while
the fountain
dispensed product is
swee...
Mr. Estrella
Simple Steps to a More Healthful Diet
• Food prepared
at home often
has less fat and
sodium than
food from fa...
Healthy Foods
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Section 4 Choosing a
Healthful Diet
Healthy Foods
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Section 4 Choosing a
Healthful Diet
Mr. Estrella
Special Dietary Needs
• Athletes must drink lots
of fluids and avoid
dehydration.
• Athletes need a diet high...
Mr. Estrella
Special Dietary Needs
• Athletes do not need
dietary supplements to
improve performance. In
fact, these suppl...
Mr. Estrella
Choosing a Vegetarian Diet
• A vegetarian diet is
one in which few or
no animal products
are eaten.
• Most ve...
•Vegans are vegetarians
that eat no animal products
in any form. Vegans must
eat from a variety of plant
sources to get al...
Mr. Estrella
The End!!!
Chapter 7 Nutrition
Nutrition Chapter Review
1. Why do you think fast food is bad if eaten often?
2. When someone wants a candy bar, soda or c...
Listen, the test on
this chapter will
be soon. Study.
Don’t make me
come back!
Chapter 7 Nutrition
15 MC on Nutrition
 Write 15 multiple choices on
nutrition chapter.
 Include 3 answers to choose
from
 Circle the lette...
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Ch 07 nutrition pp show

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Nutrition power point aimed at high school students

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  • Ch 07 nutrition pp show

    1. 1. Mr. Estrella Nutrition Another Mr. Estrella Production For information contact: mrestrella@outlook.com Chapter 7 Nutrition
    2. 2. Mr. Estrella Why are we learning this? •Because what you eat may determine how you die! #1 Heart Disease #2 Cancer #3 Stroke 2X Chapter 7 Nutrition
    3. 3. Mr. Estrella Nutrition for Life Contents • Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins • Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water • Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs • Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet Collect HW: Ch-7.1 P. 154-157 5 F/P Chapter 7 Nutrition
    4. 4. Mr. Estrella Objectives • Name the six classes of nutrients. • Identify the functions and food sources of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. • Describe the need for enough fiber in your diet. • Identify one health disorder linked to high levels of saturated fats in the diet. • Describe how diet can influence health. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    5. 5. Mr. Estrella • Metabolism is making energy from what you eat. • High metabolism means you burn energy fast. Section 1 What is Nutrition? Chapter 7 Nutrition
    6. 6. Calories: measures the energy in food! Teen boys need about 2800 Teen girls need about 2100 Section 1 What is Nutrition? Chapter 7 Nutrition
    7. 7. Mr. Estrella What is Nutrition? • Nutrition: is the study of food and the ways the body uses food. • Nutrients are substances in food that your body requires. Section 1 What is Nutrition Chapter 7 Nutrition
    8. 8. Mr. Estrella Six Classes of Nutrients 1. Carbohydrates 2. Fats & Oils 3. Proteins 4. Water 5. Minerals 6. Vitamins • A Balanced Diet To be healthy, you need the right amount of nutrients from each class of nutrients. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    9. 9. Mr. Estrella HW: Sketch & Label P. 538, then beneath the sketch, list the path the food goes through from the mouth to the anus. You can use bullet points. - QUIZ on… Chapter 7 Nutrition
    10. 10. Breakfast The most important meal of the day!!! Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins What happens if you don’t eat breakfast? Chapter 7 Nutrition
    11. 11. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Stomach Ulcers Ulcer: a blister or hole in the stomach or intestine. Signs: often burning feeling in stomach late nights. Chapter 7 Nutrition
    12. 12. Yummy, Breakfast! Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    13. 13. Ch-7.1 Rev #1 1. Name the 6 classes of nutrients. 2. What is metabolism? 3. What are calories used to measure? 4. How many calories do boys/girls need a day? 5. How many calories do boys/girls get for each meal , if they eat 3 times a day? 6. What is an ulcer? 7. What are some signs of an ulcer? 8. Why is breakfast so important? HW: Ch-7.1 P. 158-160 5 F/P Chapter 7 Nutrition
    14. 14. Mr. Estrella Carbohydrates are energy-giving nutrients that include sugars, starches, and fiber. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    15. 15. Mr. Estrella Carbohydrates • Carbohydrates are energy-giving nutrients that include sugars, starches, and fiber. 45-65% of your calorie needs. • Sugars are the simplest form of carbohydrates. • Starches are more complex carbohydrates that can be broken down into sugars. • Glycogen is a form of carbohydrate your body uses for short-term energy storage. • Fiber is a complex carbohydrate that provides little energy and cannot be digested. However, fiber is important to keep your digestive system healthy. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    16. 16. Mr. Estrella Carbohydrates Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    17. 17.  Glucose: The most important sugar in the body because it provides energy to the body’s cells. It moves in your blood. Also found as part of sucrose & starch.  Remember, if it ends in –ose, it is usually a sugar! Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    18. 18. Insulin is a chemical made by the pancreas. Insulin tells cells to suck up glucose (sugar) from the blood. This is important because high levels of sugar become poisonous. Diabetes Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    19. 19. Kid onset diabetes (type-1) the pancreas doesn’t squirt enough insulin to remove high blood sugar. Caused by early destruction of pancreas cells by viral infection or by the body attacking the pancreas. Currently - no cure. Adult onset diabetes (type-2) caused by either a pancreas that's not squirting out enough insulin or the insulin that it makes is not effective enough to take sugar out of the blood. This form of diabetes is most often found in persons very overweight. Usually it’s our own fault for this type. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    20. 20. Normal Glucose Levels: 70-99mg / dL of blood after fasting Signs of diabetes: 1.Peeing a lot & being 2.thirsty a lot. 3.Tired a lot. If so, get tested!!! Diabetes - Life With Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Fasting: not eating anything Chapter 7 Nutrition
    21. 21. 1. What do carbohydrates give you? 2. What does insulin do in the body? 3. What does “fasting” mean? 4. Name the sugar our cells use for energy? 5. Which nutrient has the energy we need? 6. What does it generally mean if it ends in “-ose?” 7. You’ve noticed a family member shows signs of diabetes. Explain to them what those three signs are. 8. One of your parents came back and said the sugar level was 130 mg of glucose. Explain to them if this is good or bad & why. Chapter 7Ch-7.1 Review #2 Chapter 7 Nutrition
    22. 22. Insoluble fiber is the kind our bodies cannot digest. This type of fiber increases stool bulk and fights constipation (unable to defacate), allowing us to have regular bowel movements (pooping). Helps prevent colon cancer & hemorrhoids. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Feces = Stool = Poop Defacate: to poop. Chapter 7 Nutrition
    23. 23. Colon Cancer Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    24. 24. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Colon Cancer. Removing Colon Polyp Colon Cancer Colon Cancer is cancer in the colon area. Preventable Treatable Symptoms CDC recommends screening for colorectal cancer using fecal occult blood testing, sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy beginning at age 50. Not annual. Chapter 7 Nutrition
    25. 25. Hemorrhoids Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Hemorrhoids also called piles, are swollen veins around the anus or in the rectum. Usually painful because of all the nerves in that area. Chapter 7 Nutrition
    26. 26. Hemorrhoids Hemorrhoid Treatment Fiber & Water Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    27. 27. Fiber – you can get extra fiber from fruits or store products like fibercon or metamucil Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins All About Dietary Fiber Fiber -A Guide Minimum of 2 fruits / day and 3 cups of vegetables / day. Apples, Celery Chapter 7 Nutrition
    28. 28. Other Benefits of Soluble Fiber: lowers total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol (the Bad cholesterol) therefore reducing the risk of heart disease. Helps regulate blood sugar for people with diabetes. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    29. 29. Ch-7.1 Review #3 1. What is constipation? 2. What are hemorrhoids? 3. What is the colon? 4. What is a colonoscopy? 5. What can you buy at the market for fiber? 6. What are two signs of hemorrhoids? 7. Which are the two best fruits for fiber? 8. How many fruits should you eat everyday? 9. How many vegetables should you eat everyday? 10. Your friend says she hates fruits and vegetables and never eats them. Explain 3 benefits of eating the fiber to her. Chapter 7 Nutrition
    30. 30. Mr. Estrella Fats Have the most energy. They are the body’s main form of long-term energy storage. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    31. 31. Mr. Estrella • Saturated fats contain saturated fatty acids and are BAD. They come from foods such as meat and milk. • Eating too many saturated fats can lead to obesity, high cholesterol levels, and increased risk of heart disease. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    32. 32. Mr. Estrella • Unsaturated fats contain unsaturated fatty acids. The best kind of fat. • Are usually liquid at room temperature. They come from foods such as nuts and fish. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    33. 33. Trans Fat: The worst fat of all. Hydrogen gas is bubbled through vegetable oil to increase shelf life. It raises "bad" LDL cholesterol and can lead to clogged arteries and heart disease. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition Hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated oil is another name for trans fats. Bad Fats Bros. Trans Fat in your Diet
    34. 34. The AHA recommends unhydrogenated oils (like olive oil and canola) as much as possible, and choose processed foods that are made with unhydrogenated (unsaturated) oils Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    35. 35. Mr. Estrella • Cholesterol -Your body makes cholesterol. You also get cholesterol from foods such as meat, eggs, and dairy products. • Cholesterol is necessary for certain body functions • Too much of LDL Cholesterol can cause sticking on blood vessel walls, increasing the risk of a heart attack. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    36. 36. Mr. Estrella Total Cholesterol Blood Level Explanation Less than 200 mg/dL Normal level that puts you at lower risk for heart disease. 200 to 239 mg/dL Borderline high. A level of more that 200 mg/dL increases your risk. 240 mg/dL and above High. This level more than doubles the risk for heart disease. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    37. 37. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    38. 38. Mr. Estrella Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    39. 39. Angina: insufficient blood flows to part of the heart, causing a feeling of pressure or a squeezing in the chest. It can feel like a heart attack, but often it's a warning sign from your heart. Angina usually goes away quickly, but it can be a symptom of a life-threatening heart problem. It's important to find out what's going on and to talk about what you can do to avoid a heart attack in the future. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition
    40. 40. Heart Attack: Myocardial infarction or acute myocardial infarction, commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow stops to a part of the heart causing damage to the heart muscle. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition Atherosclerosis -Plaque Rupture Heart Attack -Myocardial Infarction Heart Attack Timing
    41. 41. Heart Attack Signs: Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition Heart Attack Sign Heart Attack - First Aid LIFEPAK CR Plus A
    42. 42. A stroke occurs when the blood supply to an area of the brain is interrupted, disrupted or a blood vessel bursts. the third leading cause of death in the U.S Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition Brain Stroke
    43. 43. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition Signs of a stroke: •Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body. •Sudden confusion, trouble speaking, or difficulty understanding speech. •Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes. •Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance, or lack of coordination. •Sudden severe headache with no known cause. Stroke Signs Stroke Symptoms –AH Stroke Victim Records
    44. 44. Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins Chapter 7 Nutrition F.A.S.T. Do the following simple test for a stroke: F—Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop? A—Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward? S—Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is their speech slurred or strange? T—Time: If you observe any of these signs, call 9-1-1 immediately. Note the time when any symptoms first appear. Some treatments for stroke only work if given in the first 3 hours after symptoms appear. Stroke Heroes Act Fast.
    45. 45. Mr. Estrella Proteins are made of amino acids, which are used in building and repairing structures in the body – like muscles. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 1 Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins
    46. 46. Ch-7.1 Rev #4 1. Name the 6 classes of nutrients. 2. List 3 types of fats we discussed. 3. Which nutrient has more energy, fats or carbs? 4. Which is more dangerous, unsaturated or saturated? 5. What does a calorie measure? 6. Why should you care about calories? 7. What two cooking oils are recommended? 8. What does cholesterol do to blood vessels? 9. What are three signs of a heart attack? 10. A family friend is visiting and begins to have slurred speech. Explain 3 tests you would do to her to see if it may be a stroke. Chapter 7 Nutrition HW: Ch-7.2 P. 161- 166 5 F/P
    47. 47. Mr. Estrella Objectives • Describe the function and food sources of seven vitamins. • Describe the function and food sources of seven minerals. • Identify the importance of drinking enough water every day. • Name two ways to increase your calcium intake. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
    48. 48. Mr. Estrella Water • About 60% of your body is water. Ex. blood. • Drink at least 80 fl. oz, about 8 glasses or 5 bottles of water. • Mild dehydration can interfere with mental and physical performance, bad breath & bad body odor. • 1 quart = 32 oz. 5  If it says .5L Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
    49. 49. Diuretics: chemicals that make you lose more water than what you drink by urinating. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
    50. 50. Mr. Estrella Vitamins are carbon- containing nutrients that are needed in small amounts to maintain health. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
    51. 51. Mr. Estrella Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
    52. 52. Mr. Estrella Chapter 7 Nutrition
    53. 53. Mr. Estrella Minerals • Minerals are chemical elements that are essential in small amounts to maintain good health. Come from the ground. • Nutrient deficiency is the state of not having enough of a nutrient to maintain good health. • Enriched: when something is added to food, like vitamins or minerals. • Iron-deficiency is a worldwide problem that causes anemia. Red meats are rich in iron. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
    54. 54. Mr. Estrella Chapter 7 Nutrition
    55. 55. Salt (Sodium)  High Blood Pressure:  Salt has been linked to high blood pressure & abnormal heart rhythms. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
    56. 56. 120/80 is normal Blood Pressure Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water Larger number – more pressure
    57. 57. Ch-7.2 Review #1 1. What are proteins used for? 2. What foods have proteins? 3. What are vitamins good for? 4. What is diuretic? 5. What are minerals good for and where do they come from? 6. What is normal blood pressure around? 7. Why is too much salt bad for us? 8. How much water should we drink everyday? 9. What are the six nutrients 10. What are all tubes that carry blood called? HW: Ch-7.3 P.167-174 5 Facts/Page Must…use… my superpowers! Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 2 Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
    58. 58. Mr. Estrella shows the recommended number of servings from each of six food groups. GRAINS DAIRY MEAT & NUTS Chapter 7 Nutrition
    59. 59. Mr. Estrella Chapter 7 Nutrition Grains are small, hard, dry seeds.
    60. 60. 7.3 Review #1 Pyramid 1. What information does the food pyramid give? 2. What are the 6 food groups? 3. Why is the top area smaller than bottom? 4. What are three foods you should eat a lot of? 5. Cereal is good, what would mess it up? 6. What could make milk and fish bad? 7. What are grains? 8.What is pasta made from? 9. Why eat fruits & vegetables? (3 things) Chapter 7 Nutrition
    61. 61. Mr. Estrella Pancreas: makes insulin & pancreatic juice Pancreatic Juice: removes acid from small intestines & has some digestive enzymes. Pyloric Gland: makes mucus to protect. Gastric Gland: makes HCl, stomach acid to help digest. Chapter 7 Nutrition
    62. 62. Liver, Bile & Gallbaldder Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs Liver: makes bile to digest fats & oils. Gall Bladder: saves bile in it.
    63. 63. Gall Stones: stones in the gall bladder or bile duct. Gall Bladder Problems Gallstones -Ways to Prevent Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs
    64. 64. Appendix: may be a useless remnant from our evolutionary past. May have digested cellulose for energy. Surgical removal of the appendix causes no observable health problems. AppendicitisAppendicitis Surgery Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs
    65. 65. Food Poisoning any illness resulting from the consumption of contaminated food. There are two types of food poisoning: infectious agent and toxic agent. Food infection refers to the presence of bacteria or other microbes which infect the body after consumption. Food intoxication refers to the ingestion of toxins contained within the food,, most cases are caused by a variety of pathogenic bacteria, viruses, or parasites that contaminate food. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs
    66. 66. Food Poisoning Food Poisoning usually arises from improper handling, preparation, or food storage. Good hygiene practices before, during, and after food preparation can reduce the chances of contracting an illness. Use microwave oven’s defrost option. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs • 55 People Get food Poisoning • Food Poisoning -The Doctors • 4 Easy Ways to Avoid • A Guide To Avoiding At Home
    67. 67. 1. What is the main job of the liver? 2. What does the liver make? 3. What does not function any longer in the digestive system? 4. What is bile for? 5. Where is bile stored? 6. What does the pancreas make? 7. What is diabetes? 8. What is heart disease / attack? 9. What is a stroke? 7.3 Review #2 Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs
    68. 68. Food Additives: things added to food.  Preservatives: chemicals that keep food from spoiling.  Food coloring: chemicals that paint the food.  Artificial flavors: chemicals that change the flavor. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs
    69. 69. Pesticides: used to kill pests, for example at a farm. Some of these cause cancer Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs
    70. 70.  Organic: foods that do not use pesticides or chemicals on it. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs
    71. 71. Energy drinks: use sugar and caffeine to give energy. Very popular due to great advertising. They have fancy names like, rock star energy drink, red bull energy drink, monster energy drink, go girl energy drink, rip it energy drink, sobe energy drink and so on. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs
    72. 72. Red Bull Energy Drink Ingredients: carbonated water, sucrose, glucose, sodium citrate, taurine, glucuronolactone, caffeine, inositol, niacin, D-pantothenol, pyridoxine HCL, vitamin B12, artificial flavors, colors Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs
    73. 73. Monster Energy Drink Ingredients: carbonated water, sucrose, glucose, citric acid, taurine, natural flavors, sodium citrate, l-carnitine, panax ginseng root extract, ascorbic acid, caffeine, sodium chloride, niacinamide, riboflavin, guarana seed extract, inositol, glucuronalactone, pyridoxine hydrochloride, cyanobalmin Nutrition Facts: serving size 8 fl oz; servings per container 2; calories 100; total carbs 26g; sugars 26g; vitamin c 60mg; riboflavin 1.7mg; niacin 20mg; vitamin b6 2mg; vitamin b12 6mcg; sodium 180mg; taurine 1000mg; panax-ginseng 200mg; energy blend 2500mg Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs
    74. 74. 7.3 Review 3 1. Give me some common food additives? 2. What may food additives cause? 3. What are preservatives for? 4. What does organic foods mean? 5. What are pesticides used for? Section 3 Meeting Your Nutritional Needs HW: Ch-7 Sec. 4 P. 175-178 5 F/P Chapter 7 Nutrition
    75. 75. Mr. Estrella Objectives • Describe what the Recommended Daily Allowances (RDAs) are. • Analyze the nutritional value of a food by using the information on the food label. • Identify the purpose of the Food Guide Pyramid and identify foods from each of its food groups. • Summarize the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. • Determine whether your daily diet meets the Food Guide Pyramid recommendations. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    76. 76. Mr. Estrella Understanding Food Labels • Serving Size Nutrition labels show the size of a single serving. All other values on the label are in reference to this serving size. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    77. 77. Mr. Estrella Understanding Food Labels • Daily Values (DVs) are recommended daily amounts of nutrients. Should add to 100% at the end of the day. • The percentage DV tells the amount of the nutrient in a serving relative to the total recommended daily amount for a 2000-Calorie diet. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    78. 78. Mr. Estrella Understanding Other Terms on Food Packaging • Food labels list ingredients in order of weight. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    79. 79. Mr. Estrella Simple Steps to a More Healthful Diet • Nutrient density is a measure of the nutrients in a food compared with the energy the food provides. • Food with low nutrient density is junk food. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    80. 80. Nutrition Label Review 1. What does the serving size of a package tell you? 2. What are the six nutrients found in food? 3. What are the six food groups? 4. In the Daily Value, what % should the total value at the end of the day be? 5. In what order are ingredients listed on a package? 6. Using the label  what is the serving size? 7. How many servings are there in the package?  8. How many calories in 1 serving? KIT KAT Wafer Bar Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    81. 81. 9.. How many pieces in one serving? 10. How many servings are in the package? 11. How much DV % saturated fat in the package? 12. How much DV% trans fats in the package? 13. How many calories in the package? 14. Is this a healthy choice? Why? Reeses Pieces – 1 bag=48 pieces HW: Ch-7 Sec 4 P. 179-182 5 Facts/Page
    82. 82. 15. How many bars in one serving? 16. How many calories are in the package? 17. How much DV% saturated fat in the package? 18. How much DV% trans fats in the package? 19. How much DV% cholesterol does the package have? 20. Is this a healthy choice? Why? Snickers
    83. 83. Mr. Estrella Daily Value % Table Meal Calories %Total Fat %Cholesterol %Sodium %Fiber Total % “write it at the very bottom” Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    84. 84. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    85. 85. Sausage McMuffin & HashbrownChapter 7 Nutrition
    86. 86. Orange Juice Chapter 7 Nutrition
    87. 87. Double-double  Double Quarter Pounder w/ cheese
    88. 88. French Fries Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet Chapter 7 Nutrition
    89. 89. Chapter 7 Nutrition
    90. 90. Vanilla Shake medium  Small Oreo McFlurry 
    91. 91. Pizza & Wings
    92. 92. Chapter 7 Nutrition
    93. 93. Mashed Potatos
    94. 94. Vanilla Frapuccino no whip cream 
    95. 95.  6” Turkey Sandwich, no mayo. Doritos Nacho Chips (below)
    96. 96. Mayonnaise Chapter 7 Nutrition
    97. 97. Milk Whole Milk Non Fat Milk 
    98. 98. Apple Banana 
    99. 99. Day’s Result 1. What are calories? 2. What is the total calories from the table? 3. Would a teenager gain weight from the table we did in class? Explain. 4. How many slices of pizza did you eat? How much saturated fat in each slide? 5. What is the total fat % from the table? 6. What is a possible result of too much fat? 7. What is the total cholesterol % from the table? 8. What are 2 possible results of too much cholesterol? 9. What is the total salt % from the table? 10. What are the results of too much salt? Don’t be sad! This is easy. Chapter 7 Nutrition
    100. 100. Diet Coke served in cans and bottles in the U.S. is sweetened with aspartame, while the fountain dispensed product is sweetened with a blend of aspartame and saccharin. National Cancer Institute found that saccharine was indeed connected with bladder cancer A long-term, large-scale study of the effect of aspartame on 1,800 rats showed that aspartame caused cancer of the kidney, and of the peripheral nerves in the head. Earlier data from the same study linked aspartame to a greater risk of leukemias and lymphomas Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    101. 101. Mr. Estrella Simple Steps to a More Healthful Diet • Food prepared at home often has less fat and sodium than food from fast- food restaurants. • Eating snacks can be healthy if you choose to snack on healthier foods. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    102. 102. Healthy Foods Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    103. 103. Healthy Foods Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    104. 104. Mr. Estrella Special Dietary Needs • Athletes must drink lots of fluids and avoid dehydration. • Athletes need a diet high in carbohydrates for extra energy. • Most athletes do not need extra protein in their diets. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    105. 105. Mr. Estrella Special Dietary Needs • Athletes do not need dietary supplements to improve performance. In fact, these supplements can be dangerous. • If you take a dietary supplement, do not exceed the Tolerable Upper Intake Limit for any nutrient. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    106. 106. Mr. Estrella Choosing a Vegetarian Diet • A vegetarian diet is one in which few or no animal products are eaten. • Most vegetarians get all the proteins they need from the small amounts of animal products they eat. Chapter 7 Nutrition Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    107. 107. •Vegans are vegetarians that eat no animal products in any form. Vegans must eat from a variety of plant sources to get all the essential amino acids, vitamins & minerals and other important nutrients. Section 4 Choosing a Healthful Diet
    108. 108. Mr. Estrella The End!!! Chapter 7 Nutrition
    109. 109. Nutrition Chapter Review 1. Why do you think fast food is bad if eaten often? 2. When someone wants a candy bar, soda or chips, what would be healthy substitutes? 3. Explain the dangers of diet drinks. 4. Explain the dangers of regular sodas. 5. Which condiment should be avoided? 6. What are vegetarians? 7. What are vegans? 8. What is so special about glucose? 9. Why do you need water? 10. What does fiber help against? Chapter 7 Nutrition Watch Fat, Sick & Nearly Dead. Printout worksheet for it.
    110. 110. Listen, the test on this chapter will be soon. Study. Don’t make me come back! Chapter 7 Nutrition
    111. 111. 15 MC on Nutrition  Write 15 multiple choices on nutrition chapter.  Include 3 answers to choose from  Circle the letter of the correct answer for each question.  No “true/false”  No “yes/no” answers  No “all of the above” OMG! 15? You cannot be serious! Chapter 7 Nutrition

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