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The Constitutional Underpinnings.

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  1. 1. Underpinnings
  2. 2. Mayflower Compact3 point clue Early document based on majoritarian rule.2 point clue First governing document in America.1 point clue Written by those who came over on the Mayflower.
  3. 3. Spirit of Laws3 point clue Contains concepts of preservation of civil liberties, the abolition of slavery, and the rule of law2 point clue Written by Montesquieu in 1748 advocating separation of powers1 point clue This document also includes the idea of checks and balances.
  4. 4. Declaration of Independence3 point clue Drafted at the Second Continental congress. The clause against slavery was removed before it was approved.2 point clue List of grievances against King George III1 point clue Document written by Jefferson declaring independence from England
  5. 5. Federalists3 point clue Led by Hamilton and in favor of the National Bank2 point clue Group for the ratification of the Constitution1 point clue Party that came to oppose the Anti-Federalists
  6. 6. Virginia Plan3 point clue plan that would have created a legislative branch that gave the larger states more power2 point clue Counter to the New Jersey plan1 point clue Plan proposed by Virginia delegates at the Constitutional Convention
  7. 7. Bill of Rights3 point clue Applied to the states under the incorporation doctrine via the 14th amendment2 point clue A condition of the Anti-Federalist dominated states for the ratification of constitution1 point clue First ten amendments
  8. 8. Direct Democracy3 point clue The framers didn’t trust this form of government because they were afraid of mob rule.2 point clue The type of government used in Ancient Athens.1 point clue Type of democracy where people were decisions are made by the masses
  9. 9. Federalist # 513 point clue Meant to inform the public about the safeguards in the Constitution to protect people’s rights and check ambition2 point clue “If men were angels, no government would be necessary.”1 point clue Federalist paper written by Madison about separation of powers and Checks and balances
  10. 10. Great Compromise3 point clue Combined ideas of Edmund Randolph and William Paterson2 point clue Resulted in bicameral legislature1 point clue Solved conflict between big states and small states
  11. 11. The Framers3 point clue Met in Philadelphia in 17872 point clue They had to decide issues of slavery and representation1 point clue most of them were farmers.
  12. 12. Checks and Balances3 point clue An idea credited to a member of the French Enlightenment who was influenced by the Roman republic.2 point clue For example, Supreme Court justices are nominated by the president and approved by Congress1 point clue The power of one branch of government to block acts by the other two branches
  13. 13. Elite Theory3 point clue A good example of this would be an oil cartel.2 point clue Theory of who really holds power in our government, or runs the country.1 point clue A small group of wealthy and influential individuals are behind the scenes pulling the strings on policy.
  14. 14. Leviathan3 point clue Stated that an absolute monarch is needed to maintain order2 point clue Expressed belief that people give up their freedom for protection by the government1 point clue Written by Thomas Hobbes in 1651
  15. 15. The Social Contract3 point clue “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.”2 point clue Written by Rousseau1 point clue Focused on value of a social contract, saying it must be based on popular sovereignty to have legitimacy
  16. 16. New Jersey Plan3 point clue Proposed to simply amend the Articles of Confederation2 point clue Proposed that each state have one vote in Congress1 point clue plan favored by small states
  17. 17. Articles of Confederation3 point clue Product of the Second Continental Congress2 point clue Lacked a judicial branch and used a unicameral legislature1 point clue First US Constitution
  18. 18. Machiavelli3 point clue “The first method for estimating the intelligence of a ruler is to look at the men he has around him.”2 point clue “Politics have no relation to morals.”1 point clue “It is better to be feared than to be loved.”
  19. 19. Antifederalists3 point clue wrote responses to Publius.2 point clue opposed a strong central government.1 point clue The most famous member of this group was Thomas Jefferson.
  20. 20. 3/5 Compromise3 point clue mostly affected the Southern states2 point clue dealt with the representation of non-citizens1 point clue resolved the question of how to count slaves in the population
  21. 21. Republic3 point clue The name of Plato’s most famous work2 point clue the framers thought of the United States as this, as opposed to a democracy1 point clue involves representation, unlike direct democracy
  22. 22. Pluralist theory3 point clue Many non government groups use their resources to exert influence.2 point clue because there are so many competing interests everybody gets some of what they want.1 point clue a theory of who really hold power in government.
  23. 23. Natural Rights3 point clue the abuse of these, according to Locke, were enough to break the social contract2 point clue another name for them are unalienable, or God given rights1 point clue life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
  24. 24. Federalist Paper #103 point clue written by Madison2 point clue warned of the dangers of factions1 point clue argued that the best form of government to limit the influence of the majority (of the faction that is in the majority) is a republic.
  25. 25. Common Sense3 point clue the author of this pamphlet supported the Pennsylvania constitution2 point clue influenced thoughts of independence1 point clue written by Thomas Paine
  26. 26. Hobbes3 point clue thought that life without laws was “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.”2 point clue along with Locke, thought that people would give up some freedom to gain security and order1 point clue wrote Leviathan
  27. 27. Magna Carta3 point clue written in 12152 point clue forced King John of England to observe the rights of freemen and accept that his will could be bound by the law, or helped establish the concept of rule of law.1 point clue the first example of limited government because the powers of King John were restricted
  28. 28. Madisonian Model3 point clue helped eliminate the threat of the tyranny of the majority.2 point clue only the House of Representatives was directly elected under this.1 point clue As much government as possible was placed beyond the control of the majority in this model. This model also included separation of powers, checks and balances, and federalism.
  29. 29. Hyperpluralist theory3 point clue This could help explain gridlock in government.2 point clue Interests groups are so powerful that the government is weakened.1 point clue Theory of who really hold power in the government.
  30. 30. Majoritarian Democracy3 point clue One criticism of the type of democracy is that it can turn into a “tyranny of the majority” where minority ideas or groups could be oppressed.2 point clue initiatives, recall & referendum are a return to this.1 point clue A government where decisions are made according to the majority rule.