Western Europe compared

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  • 1. The West or Western Civilization 600s-1400s ce What is the West anyway?
  • 2. The WEST or Western Civilization refers to Western Europe and then later will include the United States.
  • 3. Western Europe Compared with Byzantine, Chinese, and Islamic Empire
  • 4. In Western Europe . . . • There was less political unity and more competition between regions • Regional Wars • There was no “Empire” in the West like Islamic, Chinese, Byzantine, etc.
  • 5. In Western Europe . . . • Political rulers were weaker • The Church leaders & landed nobility challenged monarch’s power. • Weak central governments
  • 6. In Western Europe . . . • The cities were more independent and powerful – Merchants had more freedom • There was more separation between political and religious life • There was a strong emphasis on human REASON in academics – Aristotle and Greek rationality were emphasized (Aquinas)
  • 7. In Western Europe ... • Women had higher status • Monogamy! • Female religious groups • Had access to economic activities • property rights & divorce rights
  • 8. W. Europe adapted new technology • • • • • (borrowed from) Iron horseshoes & horse collar (China) Cross-bow & Gunpowder (China/Islamic Civ) Magnetic compass (China & IslamicCiv) Lateen sail (Islamic) Paper (China)
  • 9. Also . . . • Heavy wheeled plow • Crop rotation (3 field system) • Water mills and engineering power
  • 10. CONTINUITIES – W European characteristics that continued past the 1400s • Crusading element of European expansion • Military conflicts between European territories • Emphasis on reason • Split in Christianity • Separation of religious and political authority