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Western Europe compared
Western Europe compared
Western Europe compared
Western Europe compared
Western Europe compared
Western Europe compared
Western Europe compared
Western Europe compared
Western Europe compared
Western Europe compared
Western Europe compared
Western Europe compared
Western Europe compared
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Western Europe compared

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  • 1. The West or Western Civilization 600s-1400s ce What is the West anyway?
  • 2. The WEST or Western Civilization refers to Western Europe and then later will include the United States.
  • 3. Western Europe Compared with Byzantine, Chinese, and Islamic Empire
  • 4. In Western Europe . . . • There was less political unity and more competition between regions • Regional Wars • There was no “Empire” in the West like Islamic, Chinese, Byzantine, etc.
  • 5. In Western Europe . . . • Political rulers were weaker • The Church leaders & landed nobility challenged monarch’s power. • Weak central governments
  • 6. In Western Europe . . . • The cities were more independent and powerful – Merchants had more freedom • There was more separation between political and religious life • There was a strong emphasis on human REASON in academics – Aristotle and Greek rationality were emphasized (Aquinas)
  • 7. In Western Europe ... • Women had higher status • Monogamy! • Female religious groups • Had access to economic activities • property rights & divorce rights
  • 8. W. Europe adapted new technology • • • • • (borrowed from) Iron horseshoes & horse collar (China) Cross-bow & Gunpowder (China/Islamic Civ) Magnetic compass (China & IslamicCiv) Lateen sail (Islamic) Paper (China)
  • 9. Also . . . • Heavy wheeled plow • Crop rotation (3 field system) • Water mills and engineering power
  • 10. CONTINUITIES – W European characteristics that continued past the 1400s • Crusading element of European expansion • Military conflicts between European territories • Emphasis on reason • Split in Christianity • Separation of religious and political authority

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