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Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
Imperialism in Asia and Africa
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Imperialism in Asia and Africa

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  • The Rhodes Colossus (1892). Caricature of Cecil John Rhodes, after he announced plans for a telegraph line and railroad from Cape Town to Cairo.
  • Transcript

    1. Imperialism in the 18Imperialism in the 18thth & 19& 19thth CenturiesCenturies
    2. IMPERIALISM (1770s-1914)IMPERIALISM (1770s-1914) Industrialized nations (nation-Industrialized nations (nation- states of Europe, U.S., Russia, andstates of Europe, U.S., Russia, and later Japan) strengthened theirlater Japan) strengthened their control over their colonies ANDcontrol over their colonies AND established transoceanic empiresestablished transoceanic empires throughout Asia, the Pacific, andthroughout Asia, the Pacific, and Africa.Africa. Imperialism is this extension ofImperialism is this extension of political and economic control.political and economic control.
    3. European Colonies - 1700European Colonies - 1700
    4. Industrialized nations controlIndustrialized nations control by 1900by 1900
    5. The partition of Africa 1800sThe partition of Africa 1800s
    6. The partition of Africa 1914The partition of Africa 1914
    7. British control of IndiaBritish control of India
    8. The British Empire 19The British Empire 19thth centurycentury
    9. Imperialism in the 18Imperialism in the 18thth & 19& 19thth CenturiesCenturies
    10. WHY did industrializedWHY did industrialized nations seek to controlnations seek to control other areas of the world inother areas of the world in the 18the 18thth and 19and 19thth centuries?centuries?
    11. Western nations wanted:Western nations wanted: PROFIT!!PROFIT!! IndustrializedIndustrialized nations wantednations wanted access to:access to:  raw materialsraw materials for theirfor their factoriesfactories  precious metalsprecious metals & jewels& jewels
    12.  markets for their factorymarkets for their factory productsproducts
    13.  To control the trade of valuableTo control the trade of valuable products around the world.products around the world.
    14.  To relieve pressure of overpopulationTo relieve pressure of overpopulation (and class conflict)(and class conflict)  To gain “Great Power” status in aTo gain “Great Power” status in a competitive political systemcompetitive political system
    15. ABCs for Baby Patriots-ABCs for Baby Patriots- 18991899
    16.  Missionaries, aid societies, andMissionaries, aid societies, and others wanted to “Christianize”others wanted to “Christianize” and/or “civilize” people in lessand/or “civilize” people in less developed regions.developed regions. •By 1910, 10,000 missionaries in Africa •By the 1960s, 50 million
    17. HOW did they do it?HOW did they do it? Industrialized nations:Industrialized nations:  Used their stronger militariesUsed their stronger militaries (using superior firepower,(using superior firepower, military technology, & navies)military technology, & navies)
    18. Maxim Gun and Breech- loading rifles
    19. SteamSteam PoweredPowered TransportationTransportation
    20. Industrialized nations usedIndustrialized nations used their wealth for influencetheir wealth for influence  Relied on native elites toRelied on native elites to directly rule and nativedirectly rule and native soldiers to enforce lawssoldiers to enforce laws  Had support by industrialists,Had support by industrialists, military, and religious groupsmilitary, and religious groups
    21. Industrialized nations had:Industrialized nations had:  Medicines and medical technologyMedicines and medical technology  Quinine protected from malariaQuinine protected from malaria
    22. JUSTIFICATION forJUSTIFICATION for ImperialismImperialism  Widespread belief amongWidespread belief among imperial powers thatimperial powers that European (or Japanese) racesEuropean (or Japanese) races SHOULD dominate the world.SHOULD dominate the world.  SOCIAL DARWINISM –SOCIAL DARWINISM – survival of the world’s bestsurvival of the world’s best racesraces
    23. What is being advertised? Where is this taking place? What is going on? What are the ways that this image symbolizes or give characteristics of Imperialism? (3 things) Who was the queen at the time? Advertisement 1897 Britain
    24. Scramble for AfricaScramble for Africa  By 1914, 90% of Africa was underBy 1914, 90% of Africa was under European controlEuropean control  Berlin Conference in 1885 set theBerlin Conference in 1885 set the ground rules for Europeanground rules for European colonization of Africacolonization of Africa  Africans in decentralized societies w/Africans in decentralized societies w/ no formal state structure held out theno formal state structure held out the longest against European conquestlongest against European conquest
    25. The partition of Africa 1800sThe partition of Africa 1800s
    26. The partition of Africa 1914The partition of Africa 1914
    27. • See if you can identify part of the problem with colonization.
    28. The RhodesThe Rhodes ColossusColossus ©2012, TESCCC
    29. Consequences of the ScrambleConsequences of the Scramble for Africafor Africa  Traditional way of life disruptedTraditional way of life disrupted  Economic exploitation of AfricansEconomic exploitation of Africans  European racism imported intoEuropean racism imported into AfricaAfrica  Spread of European cultureSpread of European culture (education and religion)(education and religion)  Spread of Western technologySpread of Western technology  Change in women’s rolesChange in women’s roles
    30. Largest colonial empireLargest colonial empire Great Britain (UnitedGreat Britain (United Kingdom)Kingdom) Includes England, Scotland, Wales, IrelandIncludes England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland ““White” ColoniesWhite” Colonies Canada, Australia, New Zealand, SouthCanada, Australia, New Zealand, South AfricaAfrica  Populated mainly by people that movedPopulated mainly by people that moved there from Britainthere from Britain  Given self-ruleGiven self-rule
    31. Largest colonial empireLargest colonial empire Great Britain (UnitedGreat Britain (United Kingdom)Kingdom) Includes England, Scotland, Wales, IrelandIncludes England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland ““Non-white” Colonies in India & AfricaNon-white” Colonies in India & Africa  Under indirect ruleUnder indirect rule  Populated mainly by people who are native toPopulated mainly by people who are native to the areathe area  Few people from Britain actually live there – butFew people from Britain actually live there – but control the governmentcontrol the government
    32. British control of IndiaBritish control of India
    33. Indian Rebellion1857-58Indian Rebellion1857-58 changes British controlchanges British control •Indian soldiers or “sepoys” rebelled against the British leadership. •After the violence ended, the British government took control of India from the British East India Company.
    34. A British Merchant's Home in Colonial India
    35. Consequences of BritishConsequences of British Imperialism in IndiaImperialism in India  British educational system establishedBritish educational system established  Rise of educated Indian middle classRise of educated Indian middle class -eventually politically active-eventually politically active  Hinduism more “defined”Hinduism more “defined”  Spread of English languageSpread of English language  Railroads tied India togetherRailroads tied India together
    36. Question of the DayQuestion of the Day  What was distinctive about EuropeanWhat was distinctive about European colonial empires of the nineteenth centurycolonial empires of the nineteenth century (as opposed to earlier empires in history)?(as opposed to earlier empires in history)?

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