Trabajo de linguistica

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Trabajo de linguistica

  1. 1. PHONOLOGY
  2. 2. THREE STAGES IN SPEECHCHAIN
  3. 3. PHONOLOGYIs a branch of linguistics.Study the systematicorganization of sounds inlanguages.It is focused on study of thesystems of PHONEMES.
  4. 4.  Is the smallest meaningful unit of sounds ina language. A meaningful sound is one that will changeone word into another word.Example: rip lipThe phonemes (r) and (l) serve to distinguishthe word rip from the word lip.
  5. 5. MapCapDailyDairyCatFat
  6. 6.  KILL AND KISSIs the result of the exchange of thephoneme (l) For the phoneme (s) twowords that differ in meaning through acontrast of a single phoneme arecalled minimal pairs.
  7. 7. MORPHEMESThe morpheme is not identical toa word, the principal differencebetween the two is that amorpheme may or not standalone,whereas a word bydefinition is freestanding.
  8. 8. MORPHEMEINFLECTIVEModify a verb´stense or anoun´s number.brush es,ed,ingdog sDon´t change meaningDERIVATIONALCombined with aroot, change eitherthe semanticmeaning or part ofthe speech.Happy happiness.Write writerNation rootNationalNationalityinternationalStand aloneIndependientmeaningHouse,dogboy,man
  9. 9.  IS THE STUDY OF THE MEANING OFLINGUISTICS EXPRESSIONS. NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ANY LANGUAGE USE THEINTUITION ABOUT THE MEANING OF WORDS. EXAMPLE: HE IS WORKING.ENGLISH YA! RIGHT!SPANISH YA! COMO NO!
  10. 10. WORDS CAN BE SEMANTICALLYRELATEDTHEY CAN BE USED TOMEAN THE SAME THING BEGIN BLANK QUICK INTELLIGENT SADSYNONYMSSTARTEMPTYFASTCLEVERUNHAPPY
  11. 11. ARE WORDS THATMEANS THE OPPOSITEOF ANOTHER WORDS. ACCEPT ADMIT ALIVE BEST DANGER DISEASEREFUSEDENYDEADWORSTSAFETYHEALTH
  12. 12. SEMANTICALLY RELATEDARE WORDS THAT: SAME SOUND. DIFFERENT SPELLING. DIFFERENT MEANING. DIFFERENT GRAMMARFUNTION. DIFFERENT ORIGIN. Right write For four Ate eight ARE WORDS THAT: SAME SOUND SAME SPELLING DIFFERENT MEANING DIFFERENT GRAMMARFUNTION. DIFFERENT ORIGIN. Close close Saw saw Tire tireHOMOPHONES HOMONYMS
  13. 13. SPORTtennisbaseballsoccerbasketballHYPERNYMGENERALMEANINGHIGH CLASSHYPONYMSSUB CLASS

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