PHONOLOGYIs a branch of linguistics.Study the systematicorganization of sounds inlanguages.It is focused on study of thesystems of PHONEMES.
Is the smallest meaningful unit of sounds ina language. A meaningful sound is one that will changeone word into another word.Example: rip lipThe phonemes (r) and (l) serve to distinguishthe word rip from the word lip.
KILL AND KISSIs the result of the exchange of thephoneme (l) For the phoneme (s) twowords that differ in meaning through acontrast of a single phoneme arecalled minimal pairs.
MORPHEMESThe morpheme is not identical toa word, the principal differencebetween the two is that amorpheme may or not standalone,whereas a word bydefinition is freestanding.
MORPHEMEINFLECTIVEModify a verb´stense or anoun´s number.brush es,ed,ingdog sDon´t change meaningDERIVATIONALCombined with aroot, change eitherthe semanticmeaning or part ofthe speech.Happy happiness.Write writerNation rootNationalNationalityinternationalStand aloneIndependientmeaningHouse,dogboy,man
IS THE STUDY OF THE MEANING OFLINGUISTICS EXPRESSIONS. NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ANY LANGUAGE USE THEINTUITION ABOUT THE MEANING OF WORDS. EXAMPLE: HE IS WORKING.ENGLISH YA! RIGHT!SPANISH YA! COMO NO!
WORDS CAN BE SEMANTICALLYRELATEDTHEY CAN BE USED TOMEAN THE SAME THING BEGIN BLANK QUICK INTELLIGENT SADSYNONYMSSTARTEMPTYFASTCLEVERUNHAPPY
ARE WORDS THATMEANS THE OPPOSITEOF ANOTHER WORDS. ACCEPT ADMIT ALIVE BEST DANGER DISEASEREFUSEDENYDEADWORSTSAFETYHEALTH
SEMANTICALLY RELATEDARE WORDS THAT: SAME SOUND. DIFFERENT SPELLING. DIFFERENT MEANING. DIFFERENT GRAMMARFUNTION. DIFFERENT ORIGIN. Right write For four Ate eight ARE WORDS THAT: SAME SOUND SAME SPELLING DIFFERENT MEANING DIFFERENT GRAMMARFUNTION. DIFFERENT ORIGIN. Close close Saw saw Tire tireHOMOPHONES HOMONYMS
SPORTtennisbaseballsoccerbasketballHYPERNYMGENERALMEANINGHIGH CLASSHYPONYMSSUB CLASS