Part 1: The Early Renaissance Florence 1300s and 1400s
Painted frescoes on wet plaster walls.
Human figures look more lifelike:
Faces show emotion
Tried to create an illusion of depth.
Ghiberti Baptistry Doors Cathedral in Florence 1401-1451 Bronze panels. Each panel shows a different scene from the Bible. Illusion of depth, background scenery in each panel.
Brunelleschi Dome of Cathedral Florence, 1420-1436 First such large dome built in Europe since Roman Era. Required technological innovation and new engineering skills.
Donatello David First European since the Classical Era (Greeks and Romans) to make a large, free-standing human figure in the nude.
Masaccio (1401-1428) Christ Descending from the Cross Used the technique of perspective, which had been developed by Brunelleschi, to give the appearance of distance.
Century beginning in 1400
scholars who studied classical texts
common, everyday language
Part 2: The High Renaissance Rome Early 1500s
Michelangelo Sistine Chapel In the Vatican, Rome 1508-1511
Restoration of the Sistine Chapel Before After
“ My stomach is thrust toward my chin,
My beard curls up, toward the sky,
My head leans right over into my back,
My chest is like that of an old shrew,
The brush endlessly dripping onto my face,
Has coated it with a multi-colored paving.”
Raphael (1483-1520) Raphael was a favorite painter of Pope Leo X. Notice realistic forms and expressions even in a painting with a religious theme.
Raphael Notice realistic facial features and expressions in this portrait.
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) The Last Supper (fresco, Milan)
Leonardo da Vinci The Mona Lisa The model for this painting is thought to be the wife of a Florentine merchant. Note realistic form, facial expression, and natural background with a sense of depth and distance. You Tube Mona Lisa
Part 3: The Northern Renaissance Northern Europe 1500-1600
Albrecht Durer (Germany) Artists like Durer helped spread Renaissance ideas to Northern Europe. Durer traveled France to work for Francis I. When he returned to his home in Germany, he brought with him Renaissance techniques and ideas.
Hans Holbein (Germany) Known for painting portraits, including Henry VIII of England.
Jan van Eyck
Italian merchant and his wife living in Flanders
Symbolism in the painting:
Candle in the chandelier represents Jesus
Fruit on the windowsill represents the innocence of humanity