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11.3 Combinations
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11.3 Combinations

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Combinations lesson

Combinations lesson

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  • 1. 11.3 Combinations
  • 2. When items are selected from the same group
    No item is used more than once
    The order of items makes no difference (this bullet differentiates combination from permutation)
    When do we use combination?
  • 3. 20 students are running for 3 positions: president, secretary and treasurer. The student with the highest number of votes becomes the president, the second highest becomes the secretary and then followed by the treasurer. How many different outcomes are possible?
    5 out of 70 faculty are needed to form a discipline committee. How many outcomes are possible?
    How many ways can you select 5 movies from a list of 100 great movies?
    In a car race where 15 cars are entered, how many ways can the first three finishers come in?
    Permutation or Combination?
  • 4. The notation nPr means the number of permutations of n things taken r at a time
    The notation nCr means the number of combinations of n things taken r at a time
    Permutation and Combination
  • 5. Sample: Find the number of permutation of the letters ABCD taken three at a time.
    nPr = 4 P 3 = 24
    ABC ABD ACD BCD
    ACB ADB ADC BDC
    BAC BDA CDA CDB
    CAB DAB DAC DBC
    CBA DBA DCA DCB
    Even though there are 24 permutations, there are only 4 combinations (ABC, ABD, ACD, BCD)
    Permutation and Combination cont.
  • 6. Since nCr = nPr
    r!
    nCr = ___n!___
    (n – r)! r!
    Or just go to MATH, PRB and enter number 3:nCr
    Formula for Combination
  • 7. Example 1
    5 out of 70 faculty are needed to form a discipline committee. How many outcomes are possible?
    n C r = 70 C 5 =
    12, 103, 014
  • 8. Example 2
    In a game of poker, a player is given 5 random cards from a standard 52-card deck. How many different combinations are possible?
    52 nCr 5
    = 2,598,960
  • 9. Example 3
    The minimum jackpot in Maryland Mega Million Lottery is $12 million. To play, a person needs to select 5 numbers from 1-56 and select 1 number from 1-46. How many combinations are possible?
    175,711,536 combinations
  • 10. Example 4
    The US senate of the 111th Congress consists of 59 Democrats and 41 Republicans. How many committees can be formed if each committee must have 3 Democrats and 2 Republicans?
    26,657,380
  • 11. Class work: p. 578, #s 1-5, 11-15, 27-29, 37, 38
    Homework: p. 578, #s 6-10, 16-26, 30-36, 39
    Quiz next meeting (11.4 Probability and 11.3 Combinations)
    Assignment