Religion was very important in the Zimbabwe civilization.
Religion was seen as a way of life and it held together the
society. Zimbabwe was a religious center where the
Shona religion was very prominent.
The religion had a large affect on the people’s lives
because it was involved in the politics and government,
and the community. Since politics and government hold
together the society, and religious practices were used in
politics, religion helped hold together the Zimbabwe
In the Shona religion, the people believe strongly in the
roles of their deceased ancestors. They believed that if
they kept the deceased in their thoughts, then their
ancestors would have a good afterlife and in turn the
ancestors would help their descendants. Medicine was
also affected by the Shona religion. They used different
charms and herbs to cure and keep away illnesses.
Animals played a big part as cultural and
religious symbols in Zimbabwe.
The people in Great Zimbabwe had many
different crafts. They produced gold, copper,
bronze, and iron products through metal
Their iron working was most developed and
they made hoes, axes, arrow and spear
points, knives and gongs.
Copper, bronze and gold were used more
making items for decoration or jewelry such
as wire bracelets and beads. The people also
made pottery from clay and carved
soapstone to make bowls, molds, and
figurines. They had spindle whorls, which
means that they could have been spinning
and weaving cotton to make clothing and This is a picture of a statue
blankets. portraying a falcon and a
Trade was a very essential part of Zimbabwe that was important
to its growth and development. The first remnants of trade we
found were the remains of Ironworking people that have been
dated back to 300AD. Their early groups were driven out of
power when Bantu speaking people from the North came into
Zimbabwe as part of the Bantu Migration.
It was these Bantu speaking people that developed trade to a
higher level. Zimbabwe’s chief resources at the time were
ivory, their skills in iron melting and especially their monopoly.
These resources on gold contributed to the mass amount of
wealth which certain places in Zimbabwe had. Those well off
in Zimbabwe traded their resources with Merchants from the
Swahili Coast kingdoms and the Indian Ocean Trade.
There were no outstanding obstacles to trading besides for Art
normal ones. This all happened from the 11th through about
the 15th century. During this time, the kingdom was known as
Munhumutapa and it’s was the city of “Zimbabwe”.
This was the time of Zimbabwe’s greatest power.
Zimbabwe is surrounded by the countries of Zambia
(north), Botswana (west), South Africa (south) and
Mozambique (east). Most of the country is between
1,000 and 4,000 feet above sea level. There is not
much rain fall coming in Zimbabwe and this causes
droughts that hits the people and the land hard. The
forests that cover around 1/3 of Zimbabwe are
begging to start to disappear. Savannas cover most
of the country besides the forests. Victoria Falls and
Kariba are in the northwest.
Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe's first prime
minister, has been the country's only
ruler. He has been the president since
1987 and he has ruled the country's
political system since the country's
independence. The country's population
is 13,349,000 people taken from a 2008
census. The low population growth is due
in part to a high mortality rate resulting
from HIV/AIDS. Today, Zimbabwe has a
parliamentary democracy. Robert Zimbabwe’s
Mugabe has been the country's only ruler Mugabe
and has ruled since 1987. The economy
in Zimbabwe isn't very stable. The
government of Zimbabwe faces a wide
variety of difficult economic problems.
Picture of current Zimbabwe refugees
In 1998-2002, Zimbabwe was involved in the war in the Democratic
Republic of the Congo which lost Zimbabwe hundreds of millions of
dollars from the economy. Service industries play a significant role in the
economy. Many of them were created by government programs. Violence
in rural areas has damaged both tourism and agriculture. Many experts
say that Zimbabwe's economy will continue to decrease. Zimbabwe's
currency is the Zimbabwe dollar. Zimbabwe's current environmental
issues include; deforestation, soil erosion, land degradation, air and
water pollution, and the black rhinoceros herd which was once the largest
concentration of the species in the world. Today, the population of the
rhinoceros has significantly decreased due to poaching. Today, the people
of Zimbabwe aren't very technologically advanced and still today they rely
on older methods of work to do jobs. Zimbabwe has the most impressive
set of stone ruins in South Africa.