 Did Rome allow itsconquered peoplereligious freedom? 70 AD: Jewish revolt in Jerusalem crushed. Why was Rome worried a...
 Blamed Christians for political troubles Emperor Nero blamed Christians for a fire Many Christians imprisoned or kille...
 200s: Millions of Christians in Roman Empire Why was Christianity popular?
 Military leader 306: Became Emperor Persecuted Christians
 During battle, saw a Cross in the skywith the words “In this sign you willconquer.” Had troops paint the symbol onhelme...
 Catholic means “universal” First Bishop of Rome (Pope): apostle Peter Christianity changed from a small sect into apow...
 100s AD: Empire stops expanding How did this hurt the economy? Overuse of land led to a decline in agriculture Relian...
 Due to constant fightingwith nomadic peoples,Rome needed largerarmies Hired mercenaries with noloyalty to Rome Soldier...
 Size of the empire made it difficult to govern. Government officials corrupt Less Romans educated A loss of the sense...
 284: comes to power Restored order Placed troops at empire’sborder Kept bread prices low Divided empire in half,keep...
 330: Constantine moves capital from Rome to Byzantium
 Late 300s: Nomadic Germanictribes begin pushing into Rome Were these groups “Barbarians”? Why did these groups make th...
 Gaul conquered by Clovisand a Frankish kingdomestablished What happened after theWestern Empire collapsed?
 Eastern Empire Lasts 1,000 years longer than the Western Empire. Named after the city of Byzantium (later renamedConst...
 Ruled 527-564 Armies reconquered Italy,northern Africa & southerncoast of Spain Rebuilt Constantinople Built schools,...
 Who was in charge of theChurch? East & West clashed over whowas the final authority onreligious matters 1054: The Grea...
 Pope has great influence over western kingsand emperors Byzantine Emperor controlled the Patriarch(leader of the Easter...
 Unrest after Justinian’s death Which groups attacked the Byzantine Empire? 1350: Empire severely shrunk 1453: Turks c...
 Mosaic: picture made byup by small pieces ofglass, stone, or tile
 Romans adopted the epicpoem from Greece Virgil’s Aeneid about heroof the Trojan War Aeneas. Emperor Marcus Aureliusexp...
 Latin evolved into the Romance Languages Spanish, French, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian
 Arches, vaults, domes Roman developmentsmade it possible tobuild larger, tallerbuildings Developed concrete
 Roman law is at the heart of many Europeancountries & the US Equal treatment under the law Innocent until proven guilt...
Rome’s decline & legacy
Rome’s decline & legacy
Rome’s decline & legacy
Rome’s decline & legacy
Rome’s decline & legacy
Rome’s decline & legacy
Rome’s decline & legacy
Rome’s decline & legacy
Rome’s decline & legacy
Rome’s decline & legacy
Rome’s decline & legacy
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Rome’s decline & legacy

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Rome’s decline & legacy

  1. 1.  Did Rome allow itsconquered peoplereligious freedom? 70 AD: Jewish revolt in Jerusalem crushed. Why was Rome worried about Christianity?
  2. 2.  Blamed Christians for political troubles Emperor Nero blamed Christians for a fire Many Christians imprisoned or killed Who were the martyrs?
  3. 3.  200s: Millions of Christians in Roman Empire Why was Christianity popular?
  4. 4.  Military leader 306: Became Emperor Persecuted Christians
  5. 5.  During battle, saw a Cross in the skywith the words “In this sign you willconquer.” Had troops paint the symbol onhelmets & shields Edict of Milan: Decreed Christianityone of the empire’s legal religions Built churches and made Sunday aholy day of rest By 380, Christianity is made theofficial religion of Rome
  6. 6.  Catholic means “universal” First Bishop of Rome (Pope): apostle Peter Christianity changed from a small sect into apowerful and wealthy religion
  7. 7.  100s AD: Empire stops expanding How did this hurt the economy? Overuse of land led to a decline in agriculture Reliance on slaves prevented new techniques frombeing developed Food shortages caused unrest
  8. 8.  Due to constant fightingwith nomadic peoples,Rome needed largerarmies Hired mercenaries with noloyalty to Rome Soldiers became loyal totheir commanders and togold.
  9. 9.  Size of the empire made it difficult to govern. Government officials corrupt Less Romans educated A loss of the sense of civic duty
  10. 10.  284: comes to power Restored order Placed troops at empire’sborder Kept bread prices low Divided empire in half,keeping eastern half forhimself. Why?
  11. 11.  330: Constantine moves capital from Rome to Byzantium
  12. 12.  Late 300s: Nomadic Germanictribes begin pushing into Rome Were these groups “Barbarians”? Why did these groups make thismove? 476: City of Rome conquered byGermanic tribes
  13. 13.  Gaul conquered by Clovisand a Frankish kingdomestablished What happened after theWestern Empire collapsed?
  14. 14.  Eastern Empire Lasts 1,000 years longer than the Western Empire. Named after the city of Byzantium (later renamedConstantinople) Those who lived here spoke Greek, but consideredthemselves Romans Byzantine students studied Latin, Greek, andRoman literature and history.
  15. 15.  Ruled 527-564 Armies reconquered Italy,northern Africa & southerncoast of Spain Rebuilt Constantinople Built schools, hospitals, lawcourts Built Hagia Sophia, achurch that is today aMosque. Justinian Code: legal codebased on Roman Law
  16. 16.  Who was in charge of theChurch? East & West clashed over whowas the final authority onreligious matters 1054: The Great Schism West: Roman Catholic Church East: Easter Orthodox Church
  17. 17.  Pope has great influence over western kingsand emperors Byzantine Emperor controlled the Patriarch(leader of the Eastern Church) and the Church
  18. 18.  Unrest after Justinian’s death Which groups attacked the Byzantine Empire? 1350: Empire severely shrunk 1453: Turks conquered Constantinople http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/videos#the-fall-of-rome
  19. 19.  Mosaic: picture made byup by small pieces ofglass, stone, or tile
  20. 20.  Romans adopted the epicpoem from Greece Virgil’s Aeneid about heroof the Trojan War Aeneas. Emperor Marcus Aureliusexplained the philosophy ofStoicism in Meditations
  21. 21.  Latin evolved into the Romance Languages Spanish, French, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian
  22. 22.  Arches, vaults, domes Roman developmentsmade it possible tobuild larger, tallerbuildings Developed concrete
  23. 23.  Roman law is at the heart of many Europeancountries & the US Equal treatment under the law Innocent until proven guilty Legislative assemblies modeled on the Senate

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