The LeadershipCONGRESS     Committees             The Bill in the IN ACTION             House             The Bill in the ...
PARTY STRENGTH
WHO’S IN CHARGE HERE?Speaker of the House Elected leader of the House De facto leader of his or her party Interprets ru...
WHO’S THE LEADER OF THE SENATE?President of the Senate – Vice President Presiding of ficer Cannot debate Votes only in ...
PARTY FLOOR LEADERS: HOUSE Legislative strategists
PARTY FLOOR LEADERS: SENATE
PARTY WHIPS Assistant floor leaders Keep tabs on the rank and file members Majority & Minority Whips in both Houses
COMMITTEE CHAIRS   Leaders of standing committees   Majority party   Set committee agendas and hearings   Most powerfu...
COMMITTEES: CONGRESS AT WORK The fate of most bills decided here. Some more influential than others. Which Committees a...
STANDING COMMITTEES
WORK OF COMMITTEES   Investigate & oversee federal agencies   Consider bills related to their area of policy   First pl...
HOUSE RULES COMMITTEE How powerful is the Rules  Committee? “Traffic cop” of the House Most bills must go through  this...
SELECT COMMITTEES Specific purpose & limited time Appointed by the Speaker or Pres of Senate Designed to investigate a ...
WHAT’S A BILL? Proposed law All tax bills must star t in the HouseTypes of Bills & Resolutions Bill: proposed law (most...
THE BILL IN COMMITTEE Most die here (pigeonholed) “Mark up”: bills are changed and modified (riders) Hearings may be he...
THE BILL ON THE FLOOR If favorable out of committee, bill goes on appropriate  calendar. To get to the floor, must pass ...
THE BILL IN THE SENATE Similar procedure as House Rules less formal & less strict. Why? Few restrictions on debate   h...
THE FILIBUSTER “talk a bill to death” Monopolize the floor until Senate drops the Bill No restrictions on content; Can’...
PRESIDENT ACTSFour Presidential Options Sign (becomes law) Allow to become law without signing (no action for 10 days) ...
Congress in action
Congress in action
Congress in action
Congress in action
Congress in action
Congress in action
Congress in action
Congress in action
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Congress in action

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Congress in action

  1. 1. The LeadershipCONGRESS Committees The Bill in the IN ACTION House The Bill in the Senate
  2. 2. PARTY STRENGTH
  3. 3. WHO’S IN CHARGE HERE?Speaker of the House Elected leader of the House De facto leader of his or her party Interprets rules & sets the agenda 3 rd in line of Presidential Succession Speaker John Boehner (R-OH)
  4. 4. WHO’S THE LEADER OF THE SENATE?President of the Senate – Vice President Presiding of ficer Cannot debate Votes only in case of tiePresident pro tempore Presides in VP’s absence Elected by majority party 4 th in presidential succession Vice President Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT) Joe Biden
  5. 5. PARTY FLOOR LEADERS: HOUSE Legislative strategists
  6. 6. PARTY FLOOR LEADERS: SENATE
  7. 7. PARTY WHIPS Assistant floor leaders Keep tabs on the rank and file members Majority & Minority Whips in both Houses
  8. 8. COMMITTEE CHAIRS Leaders of standing committees Majority party Set committee agendas and hearings Most powerful people you’ve never heard of Seniority rule
  9. 9. COMMITTEES: CONGRESS AT WORK The fate of most bills decided here. Some more influential than others. Which Committees are coveted? Does the state you represent influence the committee you want?StandingSelectJoint & Conference
  10. 10. STANDING COMMITTEES
  11. 11. WORK OF COMMITTEES Investigate & oversee federal agencies Consider bills related to their area of policy First place a new bill goes Majority party holds more seats Divided into several subcommittees
  12. 12. HOUSE RULES COMMITTEE How powerful is the Rules Committee? “Traffic cop” of the House Most bills must go through this before reaching the floor
  13. 13. SELECT COMMITTEES Specific purpose & limited time Appointed by the Speaker or Pres of Senate Designed to investigate a current matter. Example? Watergate Committee Iran -Contra Committee
  14. 14. WHAT’S A BILL? Proposed law All tax bills must star t in the HouseTypes of Bills & Resolutions Bill: proposed law (most appropriations) Joint Resolution: force of law; special circumstances Concurrent Resolution: position on an issue; no force of law Resolution: of ten trivial matter s of one house; no force of law The House “hopper” into which all bills are placed.
  15. 15. THE BILL IN COMMITTEE Most die here (pigeonholed) “Mark up”: bills are changed and modified (riders) Hearings may be heldCommittee Options Report favorably Report an amended bill Report unfavorably (rare – why?) Report a substituted bill
  16. 16. THE BILL ON THE FLOOR If favorable out of committee, bill goes on appropriate calendar. To get to the floor, must pass Rules Committee (House) Most bills considered by Committee of the Whole (House) Limited “debate” now occurs“Move the Previous Question” Vote taken (Voice, Electronic) If passed, sent to other House Conference Committee Electronic Voting Machines appear on the backs of chairs inside the House chamber. Members insert a card and then cast their vote.
  17. 17. THE BILL IN THE SENATE Similar procedure as House Rules less formal & less strict. Why? Few restrictions on debate https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyeJ55o3El0 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pl3sgKj6oTQ
  18. 18. THE FILIBUSTER “talk a bill to death” Monopolize the floor until Senate drops the Bill No restrictions on content; Can’t stop talking Requires 60 votes to stop (cloture)Silent Filibuster Threat of a filibuster Is the filibuster unconstitutional?http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the -fix/wp/2013/02/14/the-silent-filibuster-explained/https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E1_9nSzG_hk (Rand Paul)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GD -lFCsYOPs (Mr. Smith) (4:15)
  19. 19. PRESIDENT ACTSFour Presidential Options Sign (becomes law) Allow to become law without signing (no action for 10 days) Pocket Veto (Congress adorns within these 10 days, bill dies)Veto Refuse to sign Returns to house of origin with Veto Message 2/3 vote of each house can override h t t p : / / h i s t o r y. h o u s e . g o v / I n s t i t u t i o n / P r e s i d e n t i a l - Ve t o e s / P r e s i d e n t i a l - Ve t o e s /

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