Renaissance Civilization

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Renaissance Civilization

  1. 1. Was Renaissance Europe a Great Civilization?
  2. 2. Farming <ul><li>Agriculture in Europe since pre-Roman times </li></ul><ul><li>Grew grains (wheat, barley, rye), and legumes (peas, beans) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Plow used (came from China) </li></ul><ul><li>Animals helped plow </li></ul><ul><li>3 field crop rotation - kept fields fertile </li></ul><ul><li>Cleared many fields for sheep pasture - no longer overcrowded land </li></ul>New Farming Techniques:
  4. 4. Domesticated Animals <ul><li>Cows </li></ul><ul><li>Pigs </li></ul><ul><li>Horses </li></ul><ul><li>Dogs </li></ul><ul><li>Fowl </li></ul><ul><li>Many Others </li></ul>
  5. 5. Many Artisans <ul><li>Carpenter </li></ul><ul><li>Shipwright </li></ul><ul><li>Weaver </li></ul><ul><li>Tailor </li></ul><ul><li>Blacksmith </li></ul><ul><li>Printer </li></ul>
  6. 6. Other Specialized Jobs <ul><li>Merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Herders </li></ul><ul><li>Priests, nuns, monks </li></ul><ul><li>Royalty </li></ul><ul><li>Professors </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors </li></ul><ul><li>Artists </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophers </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists </li></ul>
  7. 7. Arts – Renaissance <ul><li>Renaissance = “rebirth” of art and learning </li></ul><ul><li>Art still to honor and to serve God, but also to celebrate humans </li></ul><ul><li>Art became more nuanced – human form studied </li></ul><ul><li>Painting, sculpture, architecture, music </li></ul>
  8. 10. The School at Athens , with lines to show perspective
  9. 13. Michelangelo
  10. 14. Leonardo da Vinci
  11. 15. Cities <ul><li>Beautiful, powerful, crowded, filthy </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful cities due to trade &/or having a cathedral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Venice, Florence, Paris, Rome, London </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cities were centers for merchants, religious beliefs, education </li></ul><ul><li>Also where diseases </li></ul><ul><li>spread most quickly </li></ul>
  12. 16. Buildings <ul><li>Centers of power made of stone (castles, cathedrals, universities) </li></ul><ul><li>Homes built of wood or mud brick </li></ul><ul><li>In some places, poor homes were built of mud walls (wattle and daub) with thatched roofs </li></ul>
  13. 17. Changes in Society <ul><li>Middle Ages: (Europe in the 4th - 14th centuries) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feudal society (everyone has a master but the king and the Pope) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catholic church had absolute power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Renaissance: (15-17th centuries) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catholic church questioned; peoples’ worlds began to expand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor still had masters but everyone began to rebel against authority </li></ul></ul>
  14. 18. Government <ul><li>Powerful kings ruled - absolute authority </li></ul><ul><li>Their advisors carried out laws - Disobedience meant prison or death </li></ul><ul><li>Very high taxes on the poor, had to pay with cash or land </li></ul><ul><li>England is different </li></ul><ul><ul><li>had a Parliament (people who made laws) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxes were never allowed to be so high </li></ul></ul>
  15. 19. Religion in Europe <ul><li>Corrupt Catholic Church questioned by Martin Luther </li></ul><ul><li>Protestors (reformers) rejected Pope’s authority </li></ul><ul><li>New Protestant churches  divided European church (lots of arguing) </li></ul><ul><li>Jews, Muslims, also lived in Europe, but faced harsh treatment </li></ul>
  16. 20. Education & Science <ul><li>Many universities (Oxford, University of Paris, etc.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Centers of learning and radical thought </li></ul></ul>
  17. 21. Education & Science <ul><li>Scientists needed patrons (someone wealthy to pay for their research) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Johannes Gutenburg – invented printing press (1430’s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copernicus, then Galileo – proved earth revolves around sun (Church made Galileo recant his “heretical” ideas) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 22. Trade and Money <ul><li>Every country had its own currency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>gold and silver coins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jewels also valued </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trade existed throughout Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad roads, boats could sink </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Venice most powerful merchant city - traded with Asia (silks, spices) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marco Polo went to Asia in 1271, opened up that continent for trade </li></ul></ul>
  19. 23. Writing and Record Keeping <ul><li>Keepers of Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities, Monasteries, King’s Court </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Printing press means more books available for cheaper prices - lower classes can read! </li></ul>

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