Algeria became a Roman colony, part of what was called Mauretania Caesariensis , at the close of the Punic Wars (145 B.C.) . Conquered by the Vandals about A.D. 440 , it fell from a high state of civilization to virtual barbarism, from which it partly recovered after an invasion by Arabs about 650 . Christian during its Roman period, the indigenous Berbers were then converted to Islam. Falling under the control of the Ottoman Empire by 1536 , Algiers served for three centuries as the headquarters of the Barbary pirates. Ostensibly to rid the region of the pirates, the French occupied Algeria in 1830 and made it a part of France in 1848 .
Cheb Mami is a famous Algerian singer, probably best known in the Western world ! Authors and poets Apuleius , classical author Mohammed Dib , 20th century writer Assia Diebar , novelist, translator and filmmaker Kateb Yacine , 20th century writer Jean Amrouche , 20th century poet and writer Taos Amrouche , author Rachid Boudiedra , poet, author Tahar Diaout , poet, journalist, critic Moulound Feraoun, author and independence war hero , author of the Algerian National Anthem Kassaman , poet, writer , satirist, journalist Rachid Mimouni , author, poet Yasmina Khadra , also known as Mohamed Moulessehoul , author , historian, author, poet, professor Albert Camus , author, philosopher, journalist Ahlam Mostaghanemi , writer
Charity Projects Children In Need do a lot for Algeria. The do fundraisers and make money for food and water. They also try to make money for education so children in Algeria get better educated.
Saharan Jackals African Wild Dog Barbary Sheep Barbary Lion Wildlife
Terrain Clearing of land for agricultural use and cutting of timber over the centuries have severely reduced the once bountiful forest wealth. Forest fires have also taken their toll. In the higher and wetter portions of the Tell Atlas, cork oak and Aleppo pine grow in thick soils. At lower levels on thinner soils, drought-resistant shrubs predominate. The grapevine is indigenous to the coastal lowlands, and grasses and scrub cover the High Plateaus. On the Saharan Atlas, little survives of the once extensive forests of Atlas cedar that have been exploited for fuel and timber since antiquity. The forest reserves in Algeria were severely reduced during the colonial period. In 1967 it was calculated that the country's forested area extended over no more than 2.4 million hectares of terrain, of which 1.8 million hectares were overgrown with brushwood and scrub. By contrast, woodlands in 1830 had covered 4 million hectares. In the mid-1970s, however, the government embarked on a vast reforestation program to help control erosion, which was estimated to affect 100,000 cubic meters of arable land annually. Among projects was one to create a barrage vert (green barrier) more or less following the ridge line of the Saharan Atlas and extending from Morocco to the Tunisian frontier in a zone 1,500 kilometres long and up to twenty kilometres wide. The barrage vert consists principally of Aleppo pine, a species that can thrive in areas of scanty rainfall. It is designed to restore a damaged ecological balance and to halt the northern encroachment of the Sahara. By the early 1980s, the desert had already penetrated the hilly gap between the Saharan Atlas and the Aurès Mountains as far as the town of Bou Saâda, a point well within the High Plateaus region. The barrage vert project was ended in the late 1980s because of lack of funds.
Landmarks Algiers: Monument of the Martyrs of the Algerian War - stairs Algiers: Monument of the Martyrs of the Algerian War - soldier with an AK-47 assualt rifle Algiers: Monument of the Martyrs of the Algerian War - central element, where the palm leaves meet
Famous People A famous musician who introduced Algerian music to the world is Idir. Idir or Hamid Cheriet, was born in 1949 in a Berber village. Since his rise to stardom, Idir has been a representative of Kabyle music and ultimately Kagbyle culture. He released his first album in 1976, called "A Vava inouva". The title song off that album was translated into seven other languages. Since that time he has recorded several albums and organized various live performances and concerts. Abdelkader Alloula, born in 1929 in Ghazaouet, was a famous Algerian playwright. He went to France to study drama and later joined the Algerian National Theater when it was established in 1963. His works are mostly written in Algerian Arabic and caused some upset amongst certain groups. He was assassinated in 1994 by two men from the Islamic Front for Armed Jihad. His widow and friends created the Abdelkader Alloula Foundation in honour of this influential literary figure.
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Morocco and Tunisia Land Size of Algeria : 2,381,740 sq km Climate / Weather of Algeria : arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer Population of Algeria : 32,200,000 Former Name (s) : N/A Capital City of Algeria : Algiers GDP of Algeria : $195 billion Main Industries : petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing Currency : Algerian dinar (DZD) Agricultural products : wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle Interesting Facts
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