Slavery beginnings
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Slavery beginnings

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Slavery beginnings Slavery beginnings Presentation Transcript

  • Slavery in the U.S.
  • The Middle Passage
    • This was the journey from West Africa across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas.
    • Africans were crowded and chained cruelly aboard slave ships.
    • Diseases such as dysentery, malaria, and small pox killed thousands of Africans on this journey.
    • 20 percent of those who took this journey did not survive.
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  • Why were Africans used as slaves?
    • They did not get sick from many diseases in the Americas.
    • They could work in hot weather.
    • What two crops were common in the South?
  • Arriving in America
    • If slaves survived the Middle Passage they were sold at markets in America.
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  • Plantations
    • Many slaves were brought to work on plantations.
    • A plantation is a farm that grows only one crop (examples are cotton and tobacco).
  • VIDEO
  • Slave Life
    • Slaves worked in the fields, in the house, or did anything else their master told them to do. They worked up to 18 hours a day.
    • They were not allowed to learn to read or write.
    • They were forbidden to own property.
  • Slave Homes
    • Slaves often lived in small log cabins with dirt floors. They were cold and dirty.
  • SLAVES ARE PROPERTY! What are these and what were they used for?
  • Punishments
    • If a slave ran away and were caught they might have to wear a neck ring.
    • If they continued to run away they might have a hand or foot removed.
    • Many slaves were whipped for disobeying their masters.
  • Review Questions-Answer in complete sentences.
    • What was the Middle Passage?
    • What two crops were common in the South?
    • What were plantations?
    • What war did the disagreement over slavery lead to?