Civil war battles
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Civil war battles

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Civil war battles Civil war battles Presentation Transcript

  • Civil War Battles and the Lincoln Assassination
  • First Battle of Bull Run July 1861
    • Who remembers why the Union soldiers headed to Manassas, Virginia?
    • Union leaders wanted a victory so they moved towards Manassas (Bull Run) to attack the Confederates.
    • This was risky because the Union troops were not fully trained.
    • VIDEO
    View slide
    • In the beginning of the First Battle of Bull Run, were the Union or Confederates winning?
    View slide
    • What was the rebel yell?
    • While Confederates were attacking the Union soldiers they let out a high pitched scream which later became known as the rebel yell.
  • Who won the First Battle of Bull Run?
    • The Confederates had a victory.
    • This gave the southern soldiers confidence that they could win the war.
  • Battle of Antietam September 1862
    • Why did Robert E. Lee want to attack the Union in Maryland?
    • Lee wanted a Confederate victory in the North.
    • VIDEO
    • After the Union victory at Antietam, what did Abraham Lincoln issue?
    • What was the Emancipation Proclamation?
    • Why did Lincoln wait for the Union victory at Antietam to give this?
  • Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3, 1863
  • Day 1
    • Union soldiers fight the Confederates to the north and west of Gettysburg. They end up going through town and the Union soldiers line up at Cemetery Hill.
  • Day 2
    • More Union soldiers arrive in Gettysburg.
    • The Union General Meade decided to defend the hills rather than attack.
    • Union General Gouverneur Warren saw that there were no soldiers on the Round Top hills.
    • The army that put cannons on the hills could easily fire on the entire battlefield.
  • Little Round Top
  • General Gouverneur Warren
  • Day 2 Continued
    • Confederate soldiers reached the top of Cemetery Hill. It looked as if they were going to win the battle.
    • Union troops fought back and pushed the Confederates down the hill.
    • The fighting stopped at around midnight.
  • Day 3 Pickett’s Charge
    • At about 12:50 in the afternoon Confederate cannons began firing at the center of the Union soldiers.
    • About 13,000 Confederate soldiers prepared to attack. General George Pickett ordered them to walk quickly and keep close together.
    • Union soldiers began firing cannons when the Confederates slowed down to climb over a fence.
  • The field where Pickett’s charge took place.
  • Day 3 Continued
    • By 4 in the afternoon Pickett’s charge was finished.
    • There were more than 6,000 Confederate casualties on day 3.
    • The Confederates lost the Battle of Gettysburg.
    • The Civil War ended on April 9 th , 1865 when Lee surrendered to Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.
    • Many southerners were angry that the Confederacy had lost the Civil War.
    • After the surrender Lincoln gave a speech that said that certain blacks would gain the right to vote.
    • A man named John Wilkes Booth began planning Lincoln’s assassination.
  • Lincoln’s Assassination
    • John Wilkes Booth shot Abraham Lincoln on April 14 th , 1865 at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C.
    • He shot Lincoln then jumped from the balcony to the stage below.
  •  
    • Lincoln was carried across the street to a home where he was seen by a doctor but there was nothing that could be done.
    • Lincoln died the next morning.
    • Booth was found and killed on April 26 th , 1865.