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DID Unit 3 - Caricatures
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DID Unit 3 - Caricatures

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  • 1. digital illustration + design project 3: caricature plainfield central – mr. lawler art + design 1
  • 2. digital illustration + design How to Create Caricatures Creating Caricatures According to Al Hirschfield “Artists are just children who refuse to put down their crayons.” – Al Hirschfield Likeness- If you can’t tell who it is supposed to be, then it is not successful. All good caricatures incorporate a good likeness of their subjects. Exaggeration- Without some form of exaggeration, or a departure from the exact representation of the subject’s features, all you have is a portrait. The level of exaggeration can vary wildly, but there must be some departure. A straight portrait is not a caricature. Statement- I believe a caricature must editorialize in some way. The artist must be trying to say something about the subject. It might be something to do with the situation the subject is drawn in, it may just be a play on their personality through expression or body language, it might be a simple as making visual fun of some aspect of their persona or image. Exaggeration itself can accomplish this in some cases. The best caricatures say something more about the subject than that they have a big nose. By my ‘definition’, a successful caricature therefore looks like the subject, is exaggerated to varying degrees and also has something to say about the subject… some sort of editorial comment. In “live” caricature at a theme park, that third item is often turned way down or ignored completely, but in the case of caricatures for illustration, it’s an important part. Using Portraiture as a Start: Below is a review of the previous project, using layering to create a realistic portrait. Part 1: Study the Facial Features First, look at the facial features and practice drawing them realistically. Part 2: Create a Portrait Second, draw the portrait realistically. You can use color and some shading – but a full value drawing is not necessary. Part 3: Exaggerate Lastly, choose the most prominent facial features and exaggerate them. If the person has a large nose or small eyes, increase or decrease the size. plainfield central – mr. lawler art + design
  • 3. digital illustration + design how to draw a caricature mr. lawler art + design THE CELEBRITIES plainfield central – – COPY THIS DIAGRAM AND ONE OF
  • 4. digital illustration + design Step-by-Step Lesson Follow the step-by-step lesson below. Be sure to use each step exactly. CHOOSE A PHOTO  LINE WORK  CROP THE PHOTO HATCHING  follow the step by step lesson above art + design plainfield central – mr. lawler BASIC SKETCH LAYER OF CROSSHATCHING
  • 5. digital illustration + design Photoshop Liquefy Open a photo of a celebrity in PhotoShop Turn the photo black and white Choose “Liquefy” from the pull down menu: FILTER The tools you will be using – start with the smudger Use low pressure and a small size to start Click and drag slowly  then let go Use this to stretch and squash the facial features Create a caricature using this method Then turn the photo into a drawing use the invert/color dodge method photoshop caricature using liquefy plainfield central – mr. lawler art + design
  • 6. digital illustration + design Progress Check Steps photoshop caricature using liquefy plainfield central – mr. lawler art + design