Knowledge society is about having understanding of information to a particular subject and put it together to achieve a common goal. A definition of knowledge society is provided by Bernard referenced from UNESCO that “knowledge society refers to a human society in which knowledge should bring justice, solidarity, democracy, peace.....A society in which knowledge could be a force for changing society. A society which should provide universal and equitable access to information” (UNESCO). Knowledge society introduces the system that learning should differ from the previous classroom teaching method or strategies, but coming up with innovative ideas such as implementing technological facilities. This refers to new methods for conducting learning and teaching in different styles and overcoming challenges.
Involves people who contribute to make decisions in a society to make education more innovative and different. Networking people is part of this system through communication. It emphasizes collective intelligence, in other words, can connect people around the globe through the use of internet. With the use of knowledge society, it leads to improvement; enable quick access to information and interacting with the citizens of the country and around. Teachers should be able to adapt to any implemented system of “new knowledge”.
Technology plays a dominant role in the 21st century. Learning can also be influenced by the use of technology. Technology according to National Development plan is a key to development (National Planning Commision,2011:70), and a development of technology leads to innovation and creativity by implementing new products. Products such a new computer system and other gadgets can be used to support learning. Examples could be the use of social media to support learning. Also creating websites.But not only learning, also improve the experience of people worldwide. In the National Development Plan, statistic shows that “5,3 billion people are cellular users including 940 million who use internet and 90% of people access mobile internet”. People can afford such appliances. In education, technology can be used to enhance learning. It will instill the level of creativity in a social context.
Mostly in schools teachers are designers of the learning environment. ISTE states that “teacher use their knowledge of subject matter, teaching and learning, and technology to facilitate experiences that advance student learning, creativity and innovation in both face-to-face and virtual environment” (ISTE, 2008). It is all about engaging learners, and technology will be a good source for teachers to promote collaboration, support and innovative learning. As teachers improve their professional development through the use of technological facilities, they also improve the skills of learners literally, for example, the use of internet and processing Microsoft word. The skills that learners acquire can be used be used as an investment for future workers in a society. Meaning teachers promote the benefit of learning by doing and implementing. Mediators will also have to learn to adapt to new changing system of technology. By keeping up with the pace, the curiosity of learner’s increases because of different learning methods.
Learning to use something new is beneficial to an individual’s skills. But it also raise questions such as how, when, where, who and what exactly is going to be delivered and how are we going to achieve it. Implementing technology will require start-up capital, for example, start-up costs can be higher than expected. One way to get a plan to progress is to obtain funding starting from small to large organisations that are willing to contribute to the project, and also of course the government. The use of technology, including “communication and information depends on electricity (NDP: 2011). Those who have access at home enjoy the benefit while those who are disadvantaged are left behind. One way to resolve this phenomenon is to deliver a service of electricity or find other options such as using nuclear batteries.
The use of technology is beneficial to the society. Teachers and learners will be able to use facilities and able to get in contact and exchange information quickly and easily. All the citizens of country in education will get equitable access of facilities in a country. It will be easier that “teachers understand local and global societal issues and responsibilities in an evolving digital culture and exhibit legal and ethical behaviour in their professional practices” (ISTE, 2008). It allows working with other cross-cultural societies around the world. All the need of learners from a diverse society will be met effectively. Including those who start and already developed and interest in a technological society. Learning becomes dependent and independent.
Education for all is the central aim of developing countries. International education provides six educational goals, “expanding early childhood care and education, provide free and compulsory primary education to all, promote learning and life skill for young people and adults, increase adult literacy by 50%, achieve gender parity by 2005, gender equality by 2015 and improve the quality of education “ (international education, 2008). It includes reducing poverty and The aims of achieving these goals is to prevent illiteracy and make it history, and have a well educated individuals who will, in future make decisions that will lead to improve the economic growth, also reducing the gap between the rich and poor.
The only way to achieve goals for education for all is to have proper funding. Government should spend and distribute funds wisely. A budget will be effective for the distribution of funds. Public funds are to “benefit the whole populace equally” (international education, 2008).
The educational system of South Africa always emphasizes on achieving educational plan that will benefit every academic individual. Specific issues such as “early childhood development, schooling, further education and training and skills development and higher education” (National development plan, 2011: 264-267), are the central role of national strategic objectives. The objectives involve a good foundation of motivation to prepare learners for the world of work. All types of support should be made available for learners in and around school and in the community. Problematic socioeconomic issues should the step them back. Through schooling, teachers should meet the minimum requirements to teach and have a good knowledge about the subject. Language is also very significant because National Development Plan states that every learner should learn and receive instructions in both mother tongue and English.
ICT refer to sharing of information using different telecommunication available. According to UNESCO International Institute for Capacity Building in Africa (IICBA), “ICT is used to enhance teacher standard for Africa”. It is a tool that can be used to engage learners in their assessment, share information, develop professional development of teacher, and inspire student learning. Often implemented in developing countries. Improves service delivery and stimulate to economic growth.
Using ITC technology means having knowledge about the use of computer and using application relating to a specific learning subject. Department Of education also provides other aims such as “training for adoption of ICT by educators and student teachers”(DOE, 2007). All these aims contribute to the innovation of learning and teaching. Teachers should have an understanding of the use of ICT in the classroom. They can also create their own ICT activities as they become familiar with the use of it.
In the 21st Century, there are plenty of plans to implement new strategies of teaching and learning. This includes the implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). The approach is to enable access for teachers to network and share ideas. According to Department Of Education, “ICT should be part of the skills and development for teacher initial and continuing teacher development programmed”(DOE, 2007:1). Approaches provide an indication of how ICT implementation will be put into action. Answers includes, choosing the right material for learning support, having the skills to use computer and other form of media in the classroom and implementing it into the curriculum. In South Africa there was an initiative from the Department Of Education that they want all educators to have laptops in schools because they are of a greater and better use.
Outcomes: Knowledge society agenda Pervasiveness of technology “Education for All” goals Future national strategic objectives Aims of national and international initiativesregarding continuous professional development ofteachers----relating to ICTs and professional aptitude
System that is used to create new ways ofcommunication Improve new ways of learning “Enhance teacher standard for Africa”
Improves curiosity among learners Inspires Learning Has become part of developing countriesimplementation
Have a good understanding of ICT Develop different teaching methods Create your own activities Reflect from activities using latest technology
Train teachers Implement it into a curriculum Having the right material Skills to use computers and other media effectively
Initiative of laptop to teachers provided byDepartment Of Education (DOE)
Has become part of 21st century learning Provide opportunities for technological andinfrastructure development
Education in the 21st Century is a key tosuccess. Achieving and Implementing newways of teaching and learning will contributeto achieving educational goals.
Bernard C. (n.d). Being a Teacher in the Knowledge Society. France: INRP,CNED-EIFAD. Department Of Education. (2007). Guidelines For Teacher Training andProfessional Development in ICT. South Africa: Department Of Education. Department Of Basic Education. (2011). Strategic Plan 2011-2014.Republic Of South Africa: Department Of Education. Department For International Development. (2010). Learning For All:DFID’s Education Strategy 2010-2015. United Kingdom: Department ForInternational Development. Dropbox. (n.d). Retrieved February 17, 2013, from http:https://www.dropbox.com/s/hs7x5vmifg7oqj1/EFA.mp4 .
Education International. (2008). Education For All By 2015:Education International’s Response to the Global MonitoringReport 2008. Belgium: Education International. National planning Commission. (2011). NationalDevelopment Plan: Vision for 2030. Republic Of SouthAfrica: National Planning Commission: The Presidency. NETS.T. (2008). International Society For Technology inEducation. Iste.org/nets. UNESCO. (2011). UNESCO ICT Competency Framework ForTeachers. France: United Nations Education, Scientific andCultural Organization.
UNESCO International Institute For CapacityBuilding in Africa. (2012). ICT-enhanced TeacherStandard For Africa (ICTeTSA). Ethiopia: UNESCO-llCBA.