Oral cavity - sensation of food in the oral cavity sends a reflex that activates the salivary glands that deliver saliva through ducts to the oral cavity
Pharyn x- when swallowing, the top of the trachea is closed off by the cartilaginous flap, called the epiglottis.
Esophagus - The esophagus moves food from the pharynx down to the stomach
Stomach - secretes gastric juice and all of the bacteria are killed. Also located in the gastric juice is pepsin, which is an enzyme that hydrolyzes proteins. The pepsin only breaks the peptide bonds adjacent to specific amino acids.
Small intestine - digestion takes place
Large intestine- reabsorbs water that has entered the alimentary canal. The final phase of the digestive system is when the feces reach the terminal part of the colon called the rectum. This is where the feces are stored until they are eliminated.
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