Fish 10 4 donev yaramov yanev

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Fish 10 4 donev yaramov yanev

  1. 1. Fish (and chips) Dimitar Donev, Emil Yaramov (and Daniel Yanev)
  2. 2. Fish F’cts <ul><li>Chordata Phylum and two main classes: </li></ul><ul><li>-Chondrichthyes- cartilage fish such as sharks </li></ul><ul><li>-Actinopterygii- ray- finned fish ( сом )(5) </li></ul><ul><li>Very specialized in: </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming </li></ul><ul><li>Breathing under water </li></ul><ul><li>Bilateral symmetry (3) </li></ul>They really can!
  3. 3. Fish Sex <ul><li>Most fish are oviparous(8) </li></ul><ul><li>The mothers produce thousands of eggs </li></ul><ul><li>Then the males fertilize them </li></ul><ul><li>The diameter of the eggs is about 1mm(3) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Fish movement <ul><li>Twist their body into an S-shape motion </li></ul><ul><li>This causes a backward force on the water that moves them forward(3) </li></ul><ul><li>Most fish have a swim bladder so that they don’t go up or down constantly(7) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fish Breathing <ul><li>Extract oxygen from the water </li></ul><ul><li>This happens in the gills(3) </li></ul><ul><li>Oxygen is diffused from the water to the bloodstream through the gill filaments </li></ul>
  6. 6. Breathing Efficiency <ul><li>Water has about 30 times less oxygen than the same amount of air </li></ul><ul><li>Fish absorb 80% of this oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>The gills provide large are for gas exchange </li></ul><ul><li>The oxygen passes through a thin membrane </li></ul><ul><li>Water travels in one direction only(4) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Fish #1 <ul><li>Silurus Glanis </li></ul><ul><li>Lives in dams and lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Mysterious </li></ul><ul><li>Small swim bladder and bony skull-> sink </li></ul><ul><li>Mustache!(2) </li></ul>Epic win guy
  8. 8. Fish #2 <ul><li>Carcharodon Carcharias </li></ul><ul><li>Many teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Enough evolution! </li></ul><ul><li>Active fish… </li></ul><ul><li>Big </li></ul><ul><li>Scan!!!(6) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fish #3 <ul><li>Sprattus </li></ul><ul><li>Eaten with beer in Bulgarian cuisine </li></ul><ul><li>Lives near the shore(9) </li></ul>Parjena Caca
  10. 10. Fish and Humies <ul><li>Food (most for us): oil and meat </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of habitats </li></ul><ul><li>Cultures… </li></ul><ul><li>They will be there…(3) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Fishy (fun) facts <ul><li>How is a big group of fish called?-School </li></ul><ul><li>How old is the oldest goldfish?-43 years </li></ul><ul><li>What will happen if you keep a goldfish in the dark?- it will turn white </li></ul><ul><li>How small is the smallest fish?- 1/4 inch </li></ul><ul><li>What can’t fish do with their eyes that humans can?- Blink </li></ul>
  12. 12. Weird Fish <ul><li>400 million years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Dunkleosteus terrelli </li></ul><ul><li>11 meters </li></ul><ul><li>80000 pounds force of the bite </li></ul><ul><li>Bites for 1/15 of the second </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest fish?... no </li></ul>
  13. 13. Fish vocab <ul><li>Bilateral symmetry- symmetrical along two perpendicular planes </li></ul><ul><li>Operculum-bony flap that protects their fins </li></ul><ul><li>Swim bladder- air sac that controls their buoyancy </li></ul><ul><li>Gills- structures that allow fish to breath under water </li></ul><ul><li>Active fish- fish that are feeding heavily and striking aggressively </li></ul><ul><li>Spiny Dorsal Fin- the upper, developed fin on the back of a fish (fin is the thin structure that fish use to move) </li></ul><ul><li>Olfactory nerve-part of nervous system of a fish, close the their nostrils </li></ul><ul><li>Oviparous- when the egg develops outside the mothers’ s body </li></ul><ul><li>Cartilage fish- Chondrichthyes(sharks, rays, chimaeras) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Fish Cited <ul><li>1.“Age of Animals.” Universe-Review . N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <http://universe-review.ca/‌R10-19-animals.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>2.“Catfish.” Wikipedia.org . N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/‌wiki/‌Catfish>. </li></ul><ul><li>3.“Fish.” Wikipedia.org . N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/‌wiki/‌Fish>. </li></ul><ul><li>4.“Fish Respiration.” Bio-Isu.Tripod . N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <http://bio-isu.tripod.com/‌id3.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>5.“Fish Taxonomy.” Washington.edu . N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <http://www.washington.edu/‌burkemuseum/‌collections/‌ichthyology/‌FishKey/‌taxon.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>6.“Great white shark.” Wikipedia.org . N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/‌wiki/‌Great_white_shark>. </li></ul><ul><li>7.“How do fish rise and sink in the water?” HowStuffWorks.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <http://animals.howstuffworks.com/‌fish/‌question629.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>8.“Oviparious Fish.” PetCareEducation.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <http://petcareeducation.com/‌fish/‌fish-reproduction/>. </li></ul><ul><li>9.“Sprattus.” Wikipedia.org . N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/‌wiki/‌Sprat>. </li></ul><ul><li>10.“Did You Know? Fun Facts About Fish.” ButlerWebs.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <http://www.butlerwebs.com/‌animals/‌fish.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>11.“Fun Facts about Fish.” HubPages.com . N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2010. <http://hubpages.com/‌hub/‌Fun-Facts-about-Fish>. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Fish Pictures <ul><li>http://www.swordfishingcentral.com/albums/Great-White-Sharks/great_white_shark_jumping.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://thundafunda.com/33/underwater-animals-fish/Yipes!%20Great%20White%20Shark,%20South%20Australia%20pictures%20underwater%20photos.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lochnessinvestigation.com/Catfish-Po.JPG </li></ul><ul><li>http://imagesfrombulgaria.com/d/55169-5/Parjena_Caca.JPG </li></ul><ul><li>http://esoriano.files.wordpress.com/2007/05/dunkleosteus2.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/prehistoric-fish-had-bite-stronger-than-a-trex-426263.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://science.nayland.school.nz/graemeb/yr12%20marine/fisheries/Fish%20Reproduction_files/image003.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bioreactors.eu/files/pictures/en/bioreactor_fish_tail_agitation_principle.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://bio-isu.tripod.com/id3.html </li></ul>

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