Bibliographic management on mobile devices



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The session talked about the m-biblio project (http://mbiblio.ilrt.bris.ac.uk/) which is being undertaken at the University of Bristol.

The project is investigating the use of mobile devices in capturing references and looking at how it might be possible to gather useful statistics for the Library, including data about library items that are often confined to branches such as periodicals, journals and reference books. The presentation will cover a number of topics, including technical issues and findings from a workshop held with students on the challenges they face in managing references.

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  • Bibliographic management on mobile devices



    1. 1. m-biblioBibliographic management on mobile devices#mbiblioMike Jones, Senior Technical ResearcherIT Services R&DUsing emerging learning and research technologies to enable excellence
    2. 2. Background•Investigate the use of mobile devices as a tool tocollecting and managing bibliographic data•Collaboration between the Library and IT Services atthe University of Bristol•JISC-funded project in the m-library innovationprogramme (1 November 2011 to 31 July 2012) IT Services R&D / ILRT
    3. 3. 3Devices have lots of sensors andconnectivity ... Camera Accelerometer GPS Compass Network Access Near Field Communication (on some recent Android devices) ... what can we use in capturing bibliographic data and usage information? Can we provide something useful? IT Services R&D / ILRT
    4. 4. 4Design a useful tool for students ... IT Services R&D / ILRT
    5. 5. 4Design a useful tool for students ... IT Services R&D / ILRT
    6. 6. 5... but also provides the Library with statistics IT Services R&D / ILRT
    7. 7. 6 Student Survey and Workshop•User experience expert ran a survey and workshop•67 students responded to the survey•10 students attended a 2 hour workshop. Mix ofsubject areas (undergraduate, taught post graduateand research postgraduate)•Students not initially told about the aims of them-biblio project IT Services R&D / ILRT
    8. 8. 7Approximately how many references do youput in your essays? 1-5 4% 5-10 18% 10-20 36% > 20 42% IT Services R&D / ILRT
    9. 9. 8What tends to be the approximate ratio ofbooks to journal articles in your referencelist? 6% 19% 25% Books / 75% Articles 36% 50% Books / 50% Journals 75 % Books / 25% Journal Articles Pretty much all journal articles Varies too much to say 19% 20% IT Services R&D / ILRT
    10. 10. 9How do you usually find your references? 4% 17% 23% Online citation databases (e.g. Web of Knowledge) Google Scholar University library system Reading lists provided by lecturers Other 24% 31% IT Services R&D / ILRT
    11. 11. 10Where do you store your references? 7% 1% 17% In word processor format (e.g. Word) Using bibliographic software (e.g. EndNote) In a hand-written notebook I don’t store my references 58% Other 16% IT Services R&D / ILRT
    12. 12. 11 What’s your biggest frustration about managing references? Inputting the data into Endnote “Citing the reference in the correct format” “Copying the reference format easily from a paper”“Different lecturers have different preferences forstyle of referencing, so its difficult to know whatstyle to choose.” “Having to put them all in the exact harvard “Time-consuming” style of referencing” IT Services R&D / ILRT
    13. 13. 12 If you could design a simple piece of software to help you manage your references better, what would it do? “Compile them, format them to the desired style and alphabetise” “It would automatically put them in alphabetically order and split them into the types of references they are e.g. books, journals etc”“Quick and easy to learn, will format in necessary style” “Take the journals and books you’ve read and write them in the correct format” IT Services R&D / ILRT
    14. 14. 13Response from Library Staff“It is interesting that EndNote / EndNote Webcan deliver on most of the requirements given in6. However, making the students aware of thisand encouraging them to make use of it isanother thing.” Very sad to see that only 14% are using Endnote, yet almost all of them want something that has the capabilities of Endnote! Attendance this year at Endnote Web sessions was very low, so we are clearly not getting to all those who need it. IT Services R&D / ILRT
    15. 15. 14Workshop - Pain Points•Lack of uniformity - different lecturers in the samedepartment have different requirements•Students used a range of methods for collectingreferences - pen and paper to Endnote•Software didn’t work as the students expected IT Services R&D / ILRT
    16. 16. 15Workshop - Ideas for using mobile devices•Scan barcodes•OCR text for references•Format references to commonformats - customisable•Manage reference lists•Export references to text/PDFand Word•Share references via email, textand store in the Cloud IT Services R&D / ILRT
    17. 17. 16To develop something useful ...•It needs to help the students create accurate references easily•It needs to be simple and intuitive to use•It should fit within their workflow - export to Endnote or Word IT Services R&D / ILRT
    18. 18. 17Architecture Aleph Query Web Service Results COPAC CrossRef Statistics IT Services R&D / ILRT
    19. 19. 18 TechnologiesServer-side •Java API for RESTful Web Services (JAX-RS) •Simple API for XML (SAX) •Marc4JClient-side •iOS 5.1(iPhone 3GS/4/4S, iPod Touch 2nd/3rd generation, iPad) •Core Data (local database) •ZBar bar code reader API IT Services R&D / ILRT
    20. 20. 19Near Field Communication•NFC is a set of standards that allow devices to establish radio communication when in close contact•Standards cover protocols and data exchange formats and are based upon RFID•Bristol City Council are looking at initiatives to promote the use of NFC in the city•It would be great if we could read Library RFID tags with a phone ... IT Services R&D / ILRT
    21. 21. 20 NFC/RFID and the Library•The Library piloted using RFID in the Chemistrybranch Library•Plans to put RFID tags in stock across all branches•However ... the tags used by our Library can’t be readby NFC capable devices :-( Project has requested that NFC and recent RFID Library standards be considered by the Library RFID project IT Services R&D / ILRT
    22. 22. 21 Camera•Use the camera to scan barcodes•Use OCR to scan for Digital Object Identifierson a page•You need a camera thatcan auto focus:(iPhone 3GS/4/4S and 3rd generation iPad) http://www.flickr.com/photos/coffeegeek/3198844118 IT Services R&D / ILRT
    23. 23. 22 Barcodes•The Library uses Telepen for stock management - notsupported ‘out of the box’ by open source libraries•Needed to write a decoder so Telepen was supported IT Services R&D / ILRT
    24. 24. 23 Fallback input for barcodes•For devices that don’t have acamera• Or a camera can’t read thebarcode (damaged, poor lightetc.) IT Services R&D / ILRT
    25. 25. 24Examples of data Issues•Missing information - issue numbers, volume numbers,page numbers•Typos in data•Titles and names all in upper case or lower case•Author or editor? We can help improve accuracy but some curation is needed by the user of the app IT Services R&D / ILRT
    26. 26. 25Demo IT Services R&D / ILRT
    27. 27. 26 Further Details http://mbiblio.ilrt.bris.ac.ukDeveloper:Mike Jones (mike.a.jones@bristol.ac.uk)@MrJ1971Project Manager:Dave Kilbey (D.Kilbey@bristol.ac.uk) IT Services R&D / ILRT

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