Tuskegee Airmen

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Tuskegee Airmen

  1. 1. Tuskegee Airmen By: Kerry Mcfarland & Jordan O’Reilly
  2. 2. Objective Slide <ul><li>Our objective is to inform you of </li></ul><ul><li>the hardships and experiences the </li></ul><ul><li>Tuskegee Airmen had to overcome </li></ul><ul><li>for the duration of World War II. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Beginning <ul><li>The work of Civil rights organizations helped form an African- American squadron know as the Tuskegee airmen. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Men <ul><li>They were dedicated and determined young African Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Became the first black military airmen. </li></ul><ul><li>They lived in cities all over the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Large numbers came from these cities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NYC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Washington </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Los Angeles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chicago </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philadelphia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detroit </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  5. 5. Set Backs <ul><li>Many thought black men lacked: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Courage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patriotism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qualifications for combat duty </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Set Backs <ul><li>They were constantly denied military leadership roles and skilled training. </li></ul><ul><li>They were banned from flying for the U.S. military. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tuskegee Experiment <ul><li>To train the African Americans the Army Air Corps created a program teaching them: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to fly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to maintain combat aircraft </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Program <ul><li>The program was made up of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bombardiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personnel who </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>kept the planes in the air </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Tuskegee Institute <ul><li>The Tuskegee Institute was selected by the military to train the African American pilots. </li></ul><ul><li>It is located in Montgomery, Alabama. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Tuskegee institute <ul><ul><li>Was known for: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Its commitment to aeronautical training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical instructors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A climate for year round flying </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Tuskegee Institute <ul><li>Over time the program expanded and became the center for African-American aviation for the duration of World War II. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Aviation Class <ul><li>The 1 st aviation cadet class began in July, 1941. </li></ul><ul><li>9 months later, 5 men successfully completed the training. </li></ul><ul><li>They received Army Air Corps silver pilot wings </li></ul>
  13. 13. Graduating <ul><li>The black airmen became: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single-engine pilots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-engine pilots </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bombardiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gunnery crews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanics </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Post Graduation <ul><li>1942-1946 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nine hundred and ninety-four pilots graduated at TAAF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Receiving commissions and pilot wings. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Post Graduation <ul><li>Four hundred and fifty of the pilots served overseas in the: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>99th Pursuit Squadron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>332nd Fighter Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>477th Composite Group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100 th Fighter Squadron </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>302 nd Fighter Squadron </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. 99 th Fighter Squadron <ul><li>Combat in North Africa. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trained in and flew P-40 War hawk aircraft. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Combat in Sicily and Italy April 1943. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Combat Record <ul><li>Over 15,000 combat sorties </li></ul><ul><li>111 German airplanes destroyed in the air </li></ul><ul><li>150 German aircraft destroyed on the ground </li></ul><ul><li>950 railcars, trucks, and other motor vehicles destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>1 destroyer sunk by P-47 machine gun fire </li></ul><ul><li>Sixty-six pilots killed in action or accidents </li></ul>
  18. 18. Combat Record <ul><li>Thirty-two pilots downed and captured, POWs </li></ul><ul><li>NO Bombers were ever lost to Enemy Aircraft while being escorted </li></ul><ul><li>150 Distinguished Flying Crosses earned </li></ul><ul><li>744 Air Medals </li></ul><ul><li>8 Purple Hearts Stars </li></ul><ul><li>14 Bronze </li></ul>
  19. 20. Conclusion <ul><li>They became one of the most highly respected fighter groups of World War II. </li></ul><ul><li>They proved to others they could fly and maintain sophisticated combat aircraft. </li></ul><ul><li>Their accomplishments became the catalysts for full integration of African Americans in the U.S. military. </li></ul>
  20. 21. The End
  21. 22. Websites <ul><li>http://www.tuskegeeairmen.org/Tuskegee_Airmen_History.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.allstar.fiu.edu/aero/tuskegee.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.frankambrose.com/pages/tusk.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nps.gov/museum/exhibits/tuskegee/airoverview.htm </li></ul>

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