The Swine Flu Powerpoint

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The Swine Flu Powerpoint

  1. 1. The Swine Flu By: Karli Cozen
  2. 2. What is the Swine Flu? <ul><li>A respiratory disease </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by a strain of the influenza virus type A </li></ul><ul><li>Usually infects pigs </li></ul><ul><li>Virus is constantly changing </li></ul><ul><li>Did not usually infect humans… until new strain which recently developed </li></ul>
  3. 3. Images of the Virus
  4. 4. The New Strain <ul><li>Cause is unknown </li></ul><ul><li>Can spread through human to human contact </li></ul><ul><li>Causing turmoil throughout the world </li></ul>
  5. 5. Is Eating Pork Safe? <ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>You can still enjoy pork </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooking pork to 160 °F kills the swine flu virus </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Who’s Most Likely to get the Swine Flu? <ul><li>Children </li></ul><ul><li>Teenagers </li></ul><ul><li>People over the age of 50 </li></ul><ul><li>People with heart disease, lung disease or a weakened immune system </li></ul>
  7. 7. Symptoms <ul><li>Exactly like the typical flu virus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fever </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sore throat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Running nose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Body ache </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Headache </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vomiting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diarrhea </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. How Do I Know if I Have the Swine Flu? <ul><li>Very similar symptoms to the typical flu virus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes identifying Swine Flu difficult </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Respiratory specimen collected within the first 4-5 days of illness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specimen transported to a lab for testing </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Treatment <ul><li>Antiviral drugs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amitidine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rimantadine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oseltamivir </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zanamivir </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Why is this New Strain So Dangerous? <ul><li>Recent strain of Swine Flu is resistant to Amitidine and Rimantadine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes treatment difficult </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If left untreated, it can lead to death </li></ul>
  11. 11. Prevention <ul><li>Avoid contact with those infected </li></ul><ul><li>Wash hands </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth </li></ul><ul><li>If infected: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid human contact with others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. 2009 Outbreak <ul><li>Confirmed cases in over 25 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Over 17,000 confirmed cases worldwide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thousands more probable cases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over 100 confirmed deaths </li></ul>
  13. 13. Is this an Epidemic? <ul><li>Epidemic: Spreading rapidly and extensively by infection and affecting many individuals in an area or a population at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>Pandemic: epidemic over a large area </li></ul><ul><li>Is this an Epidemic or Pandemic? You be the call </li></ul>
  14. 14. Swine Flu in Mexico <ul><li>Largest number of casualties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>89 confirmed deaths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 5,000 confirmed cases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First reported illness from this new virus strain </li></ul>
  15. 15. Swine Flu in the US <ul><li>First reported in Southern California </li></ul><ul><li>Now spread to 47 states total </li></ul><ul><li>Over 10,000 confirmed infected </li></ul><ul><li>16 confirmed deaths </li></ul>
  16. 16. Should we be concerned? <ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>As each day goes by more and more people throughout our country and the world are contracting the Swine Flu </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Future <ul><li>Now working on a vaccine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In both South Korea and the US </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Will most likely not be fully developed for years </li></ul>

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