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  • 1. The Trial of Sacco and Vanzetti By: Hara Sun The Trial of Sacco and Vanzetti By: Hara Sun
  • 2.
    • This presentation will explicate the
    • analysis and background information
    • of the great and famous
    Sacco and Vanzetti’s Trial
  • 3. Who is Sacco?
    • Nicola Sacco was born in the Italian town of Torremaggiore. He emigrated to the U.S. when he was seventeen. Sacco worked in a shoe factory in Stoughton, MA.
  • 4. Who is Vanzetti?
    • Bartolomeo Vanzetti was born in the Italian town of Villaffalletto. He emigrated to the U.S. when
    • he was twenty. Vanzetti settled in Plymouth, MA, where he worked as a fish peddler.
  • 5.
    • Sacco and Vanzetti were shocked by the way working class immigrants were treated in America and became involved in left-wing politics.
  • 6.
    • They first met each other at an anarchist gathering. The two men became friends and often attended the same political meetings together.
  • 7.
    • As left-wing radicals, Sacco and Vanzetti opposed WWI. They decided to flee away to Mexico in order to avoid being conscripted into the United States Army. When WWII was over the two men returned to the United States.
  • 8.
    • One day, Sacco and Vanzetti were arrested and interviewed about the murders of Frederick Parmenter and Alessandro Berardelli, in Bridgewater, Massachusetts.
  • 9.
    • Several eyewitnesses claimed that the robbers looked Italian so a large number of Italian immigrants were questioned.
  • 10.
    • But eventually the authorities
    • decided to charge Sacco and Vanzetti with the murders.
  • 11.
    • Although the two men did not have criminal records, it was argued that they had committed the robbery to acquire funds for their anarchist political campaign .
  • 12.
    • Sacco and Vanzetti were known to be dedicated supporters of Luigi Galleani's Italian language journal Cronaca Sovversiva , the most influential anarchist journal in America.
  • 13.
    • The main evidence against the men
    • was that they were both carrying
    • a gun when arrested.
  • 14.
    • However, during the exact time of
    • the incident, Vanzetti was selling his fishes,
    • and Sacco was having his photograph
    • taken with his wife.
  • 15.
    • Some people who saw the crime taking place identified Vanzetti and Sacco as the robbers. Others disagreed because they said both men had good alibis.
  • 16.
    • Sacco and Vanzetti’s Trial was marked in the beginning of the twentieth century as America's most notorious political trial .
  • 17.
    • The arrest of Sacco and Vanzetti had coincided with the period of the most intense political repression in American history, the Red Scare, drawing more public attention to the people.
  • 18.
    • The Red Scare took hold in the United States. It was a nationwide fear of communists, socialists, anarchists, and other dissidents that suddenly grabbed the American psyche.
  • 19.
    • Vanzetti and Sacco were disadvantaged by not having a full grasp of the English language. It was clear from some of the answers they gave in court that they had misunderstood the question.
  • 20.
    • During the trial, the persecution emphasized the men's radical political beliefs. Vanzetti and Sacco were also accused of unpatriotic behavior by fleeing to Mexico during the WWI.
  • 21.
    • After a hard-fought trial of six weeks, during which the themes of patriotism and radicalism were often sharply contrasted, the jury found Sacco and Vanzetti guilty of robbery and first degree murder .
  • 22.
    • After all recourse in the Massachusetts courts had failed, Sacco and Vanzetti were sentenced to be executed on August 23, 1927.
  • 23.
    • Public agitation arose on behalf of the unfair trial of Sacco and Vanzetti by radicals, workers, immigrants, and Italians. Many international protests occurred around the world as well.
  • 24.
    • On August 23, 1927, the day of execution, over 250,000 people took part in a silent demonstration in Boston.
  • 25.
    • On August 23, 1977, fifty yrs. later, the Governor of MA, issued a proclamation, effectively absolving the two men of the crime.
  • 26.
    • It was because of cases such as Sacco and Vanzetti's that the Supreme Court ultimately made many decisions that made the Bill of Rights change many states’ legal systems.
  • 27.
    • Here’s to you Nicola and Bart
    • Rest forever here in our hearts
    • The last and final moment is yours
    • The agony is your triumph
  • 28.
    • THANK YOU FOR WATCHING
    • THIS PRESENTATION!!
  • 29.
    • The End!