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Okinawa Power Point
 

Okinawa Power Point

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    Okinawa Power Point Okinawa Power Point Presentation Transcript

    • Stef Cohen & Kelly Broadbent Honors U.S. History II, Period 2 Mr. Greenberg
    • Objectives
      • To learn the importance of the Battle of Okinawa during World War II.
      • To give an understanding of what happened at Okinawa in the spring of 1945.
      *
    • Okinawa is one of the Ryukyu Islands off of the southern tip of Japan
    • Why Okinawa was important for the Allies
      • To invade Japan Allies needed to capture the pacific islands.
      • The islands supplied Japan during battle and Allies wanted to cut them off.
      • Allies would also use these islands as refuelling and repair stations.
    • Why Okinawa was important to the Japanese
      • After many battles Japan’s military was deteriorating.
        • They knew they could not win.
      • Their goal was:
        • decrease the size of the Allie army
        • decrease allies supplies and fleet
    • Naval Bombardment
      • Mid- March 1945
      • Greatest naval armada ever
      • Attacked by kamikaze, and Ohka
        • Ohka are rocket powered kamikaze
        • Nicknamed “Baka” Japanese for idiot
      • *Naval bombardment of Okinawa
    • Start of Okinawa
      • The invasion on land began April 1 st , 1945
      • There were no signs of the Japanese arm
      • 60,000 American soldiers survived arrived
      • Americans cleared the north of the island
      • Little battle in beginning
      *Allies land on an Okinawa beach
    • Kamikazes Attacks
      • Suicide plane attacks against warships
      • Kamikazes attacks used in Okinawa began on April 6 th , 1945
      • Estimated that about 2,000 kamikazes in Okinawa
    •  
    • Japanese Plan
      • No troops defend beaches
        • -avoid casualties
      • Dug tunnels and caves in high grounds
        • -Away from beaches
        • -Allies could not use superior naval and air power
        • -Is where Japanese headquarters were to be found
        • -Americans eventually used grenades and thrown them in the caves
      • *A Japanese underground military
        • headquarter bottom right
    • Important dates
      • April 29 th -Huge barrage, largest in Pacific theater
      • May 4 th - Ushijima ordered a counter attack on the coast behind the Americans, it was unsuccessful
      • May 21 st -Japanese had withdrawn to the southern tip of the island
    • Mass suicide in Okinawa
      • Grenades were given to civilians for suicide
      • Anyone found with found were executed
      • Japanese commanders encouraged mass suicide
    • *Some civilians chose to be taken captive rather than commit suicide *A woman poses where bones of deceased civilians were thrown
    • End of the battle
      • Became obvious Japan would lose in June
      • Ushijima had committed suicide
      • American secured Okinawa July 2 nd 1945
      * American flag planted in Okinawa
    • Aftermath for Americans
      • Dead or missing-12,513
      • Wounded-38,916
      • Non-combat losses-33,096
      • Sunken ships-79
      • Aircrafts destroyed-763
    • Aftermath for Japanese
      • Dead or missing-66,000
      • Wounded-17,000
      • Captured-7,455
      • Sunken ships-16
      • Aircrafts destroyed-3,130
      • Civilians dead/missing75,000-140,000
    • Conclusion
      • American victory
      • Huge causalities for the Japanese
      • Allies ready to invade Japan’s mainland.
      • unnecessary after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
    • The End Okinawa is now a beautiful vacation spot