Okinawa Power Point


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Okinawa Power Point

  1. 1. Stef Cohen & Kelly Broadbent Honors U.S. History II, Period 2 Mr. Greenberg
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>To learn the importance of the Battle of Okinawa during World War II. </li></ul><ul><li>To give an understanding of what happened at Okinawa in the spring of 1945. </li></ul>*
  3. 3. Okinawa is one of the Ryukyu Islands off of the southern tip of Japan
  4. 4. Why Okinawa was important for the Allies <ul><li>To invade Japan Allies needed to capture the pacific islands. </li></ul><ul><li>The islands supplied Japan during battle and Allies wanted to cut them off. </li></ul><ul><li>Allies would also use these islands as refuelling and repair stations. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why Okinawa was important to the Japanese <ul><li>After many battles Japan’s military was deteriorating. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They knew they could not win. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Their goal was: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>decrease the size of the Allie army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>decrease allies supplies and fleet </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Naval Bombardment <ul><li>Mid- March 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Greatest naval armada ever </li></ul><ul><li>Attacked by kamikaze, and Ohka </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ohka are rocket powered kamikaze </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nicknamed “Baka” Japanese for idiot </li></ul></ul><ul><li>*Naval bombardment of Okinawa </li></ul>
  7. 7. Start of Okinawa <ul><li>The invasion on land began April 1 st , 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>There were no signs of the Japanese arm </li></ul><ul><li>60,000 American soldiers survived arrived </li></ul><ul><li>Americans cleared the north of the island </li></ul><ul><li>Little battle in beginning </li></ul>*Allies land on an Okinawa beach
  8. 8. Kamikazes Attacks <ul><li>Suicide plane attacks against warships </li></ul><ul><li>Kamikazes attacks used in Okinawa began on April 6 th , 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated that about 2,000 kamikazes in Okinawa </li></ul>
  9. 10. Japanese Plan <ul><li>No troops defend beaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-avoid casualties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dug tunnels and caves in high grounds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Away from beaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Allies could not use superior naval and air power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Is where Japanese headquarters were to be found </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Americans eventually used grenades and thrown them in the caves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>*A Japanese underground military </li></ul><ul><ul><li>headquarter bottom right </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Important dates <ul><li>April 29 th -Huge barrage, largest in Pacific theater </li></ul><ul><li>May 4 th - Ushijima ordered a counter attack on the coast behind the Americans, it was unsuccessful </li></ul><ul><li>May 21 st -Japanese had withdrawn to the southern tip of the island </li></ul>
  11. 12. Mass suicide in Okinawa <ul><li>Grenades were given to civilians for suicide </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone found with found were executed </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese commanders encouraged mass suicide </li></ul>
  12. 13. *Some civilians chose to be taken captive rather than commit suicide *A woman poses where bones of deceased civilians were thrown
  13. 14. End of the battle <ul><li>Became obvious Japan would lose in June </li></ul><ul><li>Ushijima had committed suicide </li></ul><ul><li>American secured Okinawa July 2 nd 1945 </li></ul>* American flag planted in Okinawa
  14. 15. Aftermath for Americans <ul><li>Dead or missing-12,513 </li></ul><ul><li>Wounded-38,916 </li></ul><ul><li>Non-combat losses-33,096 </li></ul><ul><li>Sunken ships-79 </li></ul><ul><li>Aircrafts destroyed-763 </li></ul>
  15. 16. Aftermath for Japanese <ul><li>Dead or missing-66,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Wounded-17,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Captured-7,455 </li></ul><ul><li>Sunken ships-16 </li></ul><ul><li>Aircrafts destroyed-3,130 </li></ul><ul><li>Civilians dead/missing75,000-140,000 </li></ul>
  16. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>American victory </li></ul><ul><li>Huge causalities for the Japanese </li></ul><ul><li>Allies ready to invade Japan’s mainland. </li></ul><ul><li>unnecessary after the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. </li></ul>
  17. 18. The End Okinawa is now a beautiful vacation spot