Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Mars Exploration Rover
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Mars Exploration Rover


Published on

Published in: Technology, Education

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Mars Exploration Rover: Spirit & Opportunity By Ray Ludwig
  • 2. Overview
    • In this presentation you will learn about:
    • The reasons for the exploration
    • Where the exploration was conducted
    • The science behind it all
  • 3. The Mission
    • Determine whether life ever arose on Mars
    • Describe the climate of Mars
    • Describe the geology of Mars
    • Prepare for human exploration
  • 4. Landing Sites
    • Rovers would be sent to:
    • Gusev Crater, a possible former lake in a giant impact crater
    • Meridiani Planum, where mineral deposits suggest Mars previous had water
  • 5. The Rovers: Spirit
    • Landed on Mars on Jan. 4, 2004
    • Landed in the Gustev Crater
    • Built to last 90 days
    • Has lasted over 1,000 days
    • Picture – Spirit’s launch patch
  • 6. The Rovers: Opportunity
    • Landed on Mars on Jan. 25, 2004
    • Landed in the Meridiani Planum
    • Lasted over 1,000 days
    • Picture – Opportunity’s launch patch
  • 7. Scientific Accomplishments – Spirit
    • Sleepy Hallow- 30ft x 40ft lake-like crater
    • First ever mars photo
    • History's first grinding of a rock on Mars
    • Discovery of Mimi & Humphrey rocks – supposed water effected rocks
  • 8. Scientific Accomplishments – Opportunity
    • Heat shield rock – first ever meteor identified on another planet
    • Opportunity Ledge – Ledge at Eagle crater that seemed to be affected by water
    • To observe soil Opportunity dug the first ever Martian trench
  • 9. Hurdles
    • Occasionally dust covered solar panels which immobilized the rovers
    • Opportunity dug itself into a sand dune
    • Over a 2 day period scientists skillfully dug the rover out
  • 10. The Science
    • Panoramic Camera (Pancam): for determining the mineralogy, texture, and structure of the local terrain.
    • Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer (Mini-TES): for identifying promising rocks and soils for closer examination and for determining the processes that formed Martian rocks.
    • Mössbauer Spectrometer (MB): for close-up investigations of the mineralogy of iron-bearing rocks and soils.
  • 11. The Science
    • Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer (APXS): for close-up analysis of the abundances of elements that make up rocks and soils
    • Magnets: for collecting magnetic dust particles.
    • Microscopic Imager (MI): for obtaining close-up, high-resolution images of rocks and soils.
    • Rock Abrasion Tool (RAT): for removing dusty and weathered rock surfaces and exposing fresh material for examination by instruments onboard.
  • 12. The Exploration Now
    • The exploration is on going
    • There is no way of telling how long the rovers will last
    • Scientists collect information everyday that help us to know more about Mars
  • 13. What We Have Learned
    • Although nothing is proven we can be sure that there is a good chance that Mars had a wet past
    • Some say Mars will be inhabitable in the future
    • Has helped us to learn more about space and exploration
  • 14. For More Information
    • The Mars Rover has its own website through NASA (see my web page)
    • Pictures and information are often released to the public for education