The Ku Klux Klan
This PowerPoint was created by: Tori Waters and Nikki Gustafson
- The second Klan rose in response to the migration of European immigrants and The Great Migration of African Americans in 1915.
- Modeled after the first Ku Klux Klan (1866).
William Joseph Simmons
- Founded the 2 nd Ku Klux Klan in 1915.
- Under his lead, the KKK promoted a new program called Americanism.
- Was said to have introduced cross burning.
- Trying to protect their jobs and housing from newcomers and immigrants and foreigners.
Beliefs Anti-Racial Anti-Immigrant Anti-Catholic Anti-Semetic
- Cross burning- which symbolized white supremacy.
- Lynched and murdered black soldiers returning from world war 1.
- 416 African Americans were killed.
- In Ocoee, Orange County in 1921 the Klan attacked killing 8 residents and burning 25 black homes, two churches and a fraternal lodge.
- Torched an African American school in Rhode Island.
- Klan Leaders urged members to disrupted the CIO, which was open to African Americans.
- Bombed black houses in College Hills, Alabama
- Engaged in violent opposition to the civil rights movement.
- Klan took secretly over the City Council in Anaheim, CA
- In New York City, defeated a Democratic Party platform plank which would have hurt the Klan at the 1924 Democratic Convention
- By 1925, the Klansmen worked for political and social reform in Alabama
- The second KKK had over 4 million members at its peak.
- They supported prohibition, members of the Klan and prohibition groups over lapped and coordinated activities.
- Klan membership compromised members 20% of the adult white male population in many broad geographic areas (40% in some areas).
The End of the 2 nd KKK
- In 1944, the Klan disbanded