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  • 1. The Ku Klux Klan
  • 2. This PowerPoint was created by: Tori Waters and Nikki Gustafson
  • 3.  
  • 4. Creation
    • The second Klan rose in response to the migration of European immigrants and The Great Migration of African Americans in 1915.
    • Modeled after the first Ku Klux Klan (1866).
  • 5. William Joseph Simmons
    • Founded the 2 nd Ku Klux Klan in 1915.
    • Under his lead, the KKK promoted a new program called Americanism.
    • Was said to have introduced cross burning.
  • 6. Members
    • Most Klansmen were:
    • Lower-middle class
    • White
    • Male
    • Trying to protect their jobs and housing from newcomers and immigrants and foreigners.
  • 7.  
  • 8. Beliefs Anti-Racial Anti-Immigrant Anti-Catholic Anti-Semetic
  • 9.  
  • 10. Activities
    • Cross burning- which symbolized white supremacy.
    • Lynched and murdered black soldiers returning from world war 1.
    • 416 African Americans were killed.
    • In Ocoee, Orange County in 1921 the Klan attacked killing 8 residents and burning 25 black homes, two churches and a fraternal lodge.
  • 11. Activities… cont.
    • Torched an African American school in Rhode Island.
    • Klan Leaders urged members to disrupted the CIO, which was open to African Americans.
    • Bombed black houses in College Hills, Alabama
    • Engaged in violent opposition to the civil rights movement.
  • 12.  
  • 13. Political Influence
    • Klan took secretly over the City Council in Anaheim, CA
    • In New York City, defeated a Democratic Party platform plank which would have hurt the Klan at the 1924 Democratic Convention
    • By 1925, the Klansmen worked for political and social reform in Alabama
  • 14.  
  • 15. Extra Info
    • The second KKK had over 4 million members at its peak.
    • They supported prohibition, members of the Klan and prohibition groups over lapped and coordinated activities.
    • Klan membership compromised members 20% of the adult white male population in many broad geographic areas (40% in some areas).
  • 16.  
  • 17. The End of the 2 nd KKK
    • In 1944, the Klan disbanded
  • 18. The End