Douglas MacArthur
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Douglas MacArthur

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Douglas MacArthur Douglas MacArthur Presentation Transcript

  • Douglas MacArthur Seung-Ho Choi & Brian Lee
  • Background History
    • Born in Little Rock, AK to Arthur and Mary MacArthur.
    • Graduated from West Point in 1903 1 st in 930 student class.
    • Commanded 42 nd division in WWI and promoted to brigadier general.
    • He retired from US Army in 1937.
  • Beginning of WWII
    • Summer of 1941, MacArthur was recalled to active duty to head the US military forces in the Far East.
    • He was given control as the Supreme Commander of the Philippine army.
    • His headquarters during the Philippines Campaign was on the island fortress of Corregidor.
  •  
  • MacArthur’s Retreat
    • Japanese Army invaded the Philippine and held three air bases in Luzon.
    • MacArthur ordered retreat to Bataan peninsula.
    • He was ordered to leave Bataan and go to Australia.
  • After the Retreat…
    • MacArthur and Admiral Nimitz decided to establish and protect communication line throughout South Pacific.
    • He engaged the enemy for 8 months in 10 major battles after landing in Guadalcanal.
    • By Spring of 1944, MacArthur surrounded the Japanese troops in New Guinea.
  •  
  • MacArthur’s Counterattack
    • MacArthur was given permission to recapture the Philippines.
    • On October 20, 1944, MacArthur’s forces invaded Leyte Island in the Philippines.
    • On January of 1945, MacArthur sent troops to Luzon and captured it in March.
  • Assault on Japan
    • MacArthur set his eyes on Okinawa, Japan, and sent 60,000 troops to the city of Haguushi.
    • MacArthur faced heavy opposition when he reached Shuri and repelled counterattack.
    • Capture of Okinawa cost the Americans 49,000 casualties.
  •  
  • Surrender of Japan
    • In January of 1945, MacArthur was promoted to five star general.
    • On August 6 th and 9 th , two atomic bombs were released in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
    • On September 2, 1945, MacArthur accepted Japan’s surrender.
  • Occupation of Japan
    • MacArthur exonerated Emperor Showa and the imperial family.
    • He helped rebuild the nation and encouraged democratic reforms.
    • MacArthur was heavily criticized by both Japanese and Americans.
  •  
  • After WWII
    • MacArthur was appointed as head of the Allied occupation of Japan.
    • He fought in Korean War in 1950 as a commander of the UN forces.
    • MacArthur led campaign against Harry Truman and the Democratic Party.
    • He died in the Water Reed Hospital, Washington, on April 5 th , 1964.
  •