Conflict In Darfur GOOD COPY
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Conflict In Darfur GOOD COPY

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    Conflict In Darfur GOOD COPY Conflict In Darfur GOOD COPY Presentation Transcript

    • Conflict in Darfur By: Hilary Cutler
    • The Start of a Genocide
      • Sudan gained independence from England in 1956
      • Darfur is a region of Sudan that makes up 1/7 of the population and 1/5 of the land mass
      • Islamic-related government has since dominated the Sudanese government
      • The country was involved in two civil wars during the 20 th century
    • The Roots of Terror
      • After the civil wars a new conflict broke out
      • Stress between Arabs and Non-Arabs was at an all time high due to severe draught, food shortages and overpopulation
      • Non-Arabs had to migrate into Arab tribal lands due to the lack of water in their tribal regions
      • This angered many Arabs and some lashed out against the Non-Arab migrants
      • In 2003, two non-Arab groups, the Sudan Liberation Army and the Justice and Equality Movement, took up arms against the Sudanese government
      • The groups claimed they were mistreated by the Arab regime in Khartoum
    • Fighting Begins
      • The Sudanese Government took a stance by making aerial bombings along with ground attacks led by Arab Militia (Janjaweed)
      • On foot, Janjaweed attempted to kill all the men, capture the women, and steal anything valuable
      • This is still happening today
      • The playing field was now ready for fighting:
      • Arab groups (Sudanese Government + Janjaweed)
      • vs.
      • Non- Arab groups (SLA + JEM)
    • Violence Continues
      • The Sudanese Government denies supporting Janjaweed
      • It is believed that the Sudanese Government sends Janjaweed both money and weapons to use against their own citizens
      • The Sudanese Government and Janjaweed adopted “Scorched Earth” tactics to affect as many people as possible
      • Deaths are not only caused by fighting but by starvation, disease, and exhaustion
      • It is reported that sexual violence has risen
    • Statistics
      • As of April 22, 2008 the U.N estimates the death toll to be 200,000 and growing
      • 1.56 million people have left their homes to avoid the violence
      • 2,279,266 people have been affected
    • Aid to the Displaced
      • 200,000 Darfurians are living in refugee camps in Chad
      • The UN must clothe, feed, and care for all refugees with limited monetary support
      • The displaced civilians and volunteers must also fight against mother nature since Darfur is suffering with desertification (land that was previously fertile turns into desert)
    • Help from the US
      • US provides 85% of aid for the World Food Program in Darfur
      • more than $1.3 billion US dollars used to fund humanitarian, reconstruction, and peacekeeping needs in both Darfur and other regions in Sudan
      • Many organizations and foundations have been formed in the US to support Darfur
    • Ways You Can Help
      • Join a local Darfur group
      • Lobby Congress to push them into taking more action
      • Donate to Darfur charities or educational groups to spread the word on the conflict
      • Sign petitions to make a change
      • Click here for more ideas