Conflict In Darfur GOOD COPY
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Conflict In Darfur GOOD COPY

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  • 1. Conflict in Darfur By: Hilary Cutler
  • 2. The Start of a Genocide
    • Sudan gained independence from England in 1956
    • Darfur is a region of Sudan that makes up 1/7 of the population and 1/5 of the land mass
    • Islamic-related government has since dominated the Sudanese government
    • The country was involved in two civil wars during the 20 th century
  • 3. The Roots of Terror
    • After the civil wars a new conflict broke out
    • Stress between Arabs and Non-Arabs was at an all time high due to severe draught, food shortages and overpopulation
    • Non-Arabs had to migrate into Arab tribal lands due to the lack of water in their tribal regions
    • This angered many Arabs and some lashed out against the Non-Arab migrants
  • 4.
    • In 2003, two non-Arab groups, the Sudan Liberation Army and the Justice and Equality Movement, took up arms against the Sudanese government
    • The groups claimed they were mistreated by the Arab regime in Khartoum
  • 5. Fighting Begins
    • The Sudanese Government took a stance by making aerial bombings along with ground attacks led by Arab Militia (Janjaweed)
    • On foot, Janjaweed attempted to kill all the men, capture the women, and steal anything valuable
    • This is still happening today
  • 6.
    • The playing field was now ready for fighting:
    • Arab groups (Sudanese Government + Janjaweed)
    • vs.
    • Non- Arab groups (SLA + JEM)
  • 7. Violence Continues
    • The Sudanese Government denies supporting Janjaweed
    • It is believed that the Sudanese Government sends Janjaweed both money and weapons to use against their own citizens
    • The Sudanese Government and Janjaweed adopted “Scorched Earth” tactics to affect as many people as possible
    • Deaths are not only caused by fighting but by starvation, disease, and exhaustion
    • It is reported that sexual violence has risen
  • 8. Statistics
    • As of April 22, 2008 the U.N estimates the death toll to be 200,000 and growing
    • 1.56 million people have left their homes to avoid the violence
    • 2,279,266 people have been affected
  • 9. Aid to the Displaced
    • 200,000 Darfurians are living in refugee camps in Chad
    • The UN must clothe, feed, and care for all refugees with limited monetary support
    • The displaced civilians and volunteers must also fight against mother nature since Darfur is suffering with desertification (land that was previously fertile turns into desert)
  • 10. Help from the US
    • US provides 85% of aid for the World Food Program in Darfur
    • more than $1.3 billion US dollars used to fund humanitarian, reconstruction, and peacekeeping needs in both Darfur and other regions in Sudan
    • Many organizations and foundations have been formed in the US to support Darfur
  • 11. Ways You Can Help
    • Join a local Darfur group
    • Lobby Congress to push them into taking more action
    • Donate to Darfur charities or educational groups to spread the word on the conflict
    • Sign petitions to make a change
    • Click here for more ideas