Conflict In Darfur


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Conflict In Darfur

  1. 1. Conflict in Darfur By: Hilary Cutler
  2. 2. The Start of a Genocide <ul><li>Sudan gained independence from England in 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>Darfur is a region of Sudan that makes up 1/7 of the population and 1/5 of the land mass </li></ul><ul><li>Islamic-related government has since dominated the Sudanese government </li></ul><ul><li>The country was involved in two civil wars during the 20 th century </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Roots of Terror <ul><li>After the civil wars a new conflict broke out </li></ul><ul><li>Stress between Arabs and Non-Arabs was at an all time high due to severe draught, food shortages and overpopulation </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Arabs had to migrate into Arab tribal lands due to the lack of water in their tribal regions </li></ul><ul><li>This angered many Arabs and some lashed out against the Non-Arab migrants </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In 2003, two non-Arab groups, the Sudan Liberation Army and the Justice and Equality Movement, took up arms against the Sudanese government </li></ul><ul><li>The groups claimed they were mistreated by the Arab regime in Khartoum </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fighting Begins <ul><li>The Sudanese Government took a stance by making aerial bombings along with ground attacks led by Arab Militia (Janjaweed) </li></ul><ul><li>On foot, Janjaweed kills all the men, captures the women, and steals anything valuable </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The playing field was now ready for fighting: </li></ul><ul><li>Arab groups (Sudanese Government + Janjaweed) vs. Non- Arab groups (SLA + JEM) </li></ul><ul><li>Although the two rival groups are split into Arab vs. Non- Arab the war is seen to be more tribal and ethnic rather than religious </li></ul>
  7. 7. Violence Continues <ul><li>The Sudanese Government denies supporting Janjaweed </li></ul><ul><li>Although, it is believed that the Sudanese Government send them both money and weapons to use against their own citizens </li></ul><ul><li>The Sudanese Government and Janjaweed adopted “Scorched Earth” tactics to affect as many people as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths are not only caused by fighting but by starvation, disease, and exhaustion </li></ul><ul><li>It is reported that sexual violence has risen </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>As of April 22, 2008 the U.N estimates the death toll to be 200,000 and growing </li></ul><ul><li>1.56 million people have left their homes to avoid the violence </li></ul><ul><li>2,279,266 people have been affected </li></ul>Statistics
  9. 9. Aid to the Displaced <ul><li>200,000 Darfurians are living in refugee camps in Chad </li></ul><ul><li>The UN must clothe, feed, and care for all refugees with limited monetary support </li></ul><ul><li>The displaced civilians and volunteers must also fight against mother nature since Darfur is suffering with desertification (land that was previously fertile turns into desert) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Help from the US <ul><li>US provides 85% of aid for the World Food Program in Darfur </li></ul><ul><li>more than $1.3 billion US dollars used to fund humanitarian, reconstruction, and peacekeeping needs in both Darfur and other regions in Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>Many organizations and foundations have been formed in the US to support Darfur </li></ul>
  11. 11. Ways You Can Help <ul><li>Join a local Darfur group </li></ul><ul><li>Lobby Congress to push them into taking more action </li></ul><ul><li>Donate to Darfur charities or educational groups to spread the word on the conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Sign petitions to make a change </li></ul><ul><li>Click here for more ideas </li></ul>