Columbia

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Columbia

  1. 1. Columbia Space Shuttle: The Disaster By: Blair Raphael
  2. 2. Columbia’s History <ul><li>Named after Robert Gray’s Columbia Sailboat </li></ul><ul><li>First space worthy space shuttle in NASA’s orbital fleet </li></ul><ul><li>Its first mission lasted from April 12 th to April 14 th , 1981 </li></ul><ul><li>Its final, most famous mission was the space shuttle’s 28 th flight </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Columbia had an extraordinary weight of 8,000 pounds </li></ul><ul><li>It was the only orbiter in the fleet that had an all-tile thermal protection system (TPS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The TPS is the barrier that protects the Space Shuttle Orbiter during the searing heat of atmospheric re-entry </li></ul></ul>Qualities
  4. 4. <ul><li>Only operational orbiter with an American Flag and the “USA” logo on its left wing </li></ul><ul><li>Columbia’s SISTL pod was located on top of its tailfin and was used by NASA for experiments </li></ul>Qualities
  5. 5. Crew Members <ul><li>Michael P. Anderson Lt. Colonel, U.S. Air Force Payload Commander </li></ul><ul><ul><li>December, 25 th 1959-February 1 st , 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>David M. Brown Captain, U.S. Navy Mission Specialist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>April 16, 1956–February 1, 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kalpana Chawla Mission Specialist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>July 1 st , 1961-February 1, 2003 </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Crew Members <ul><li>Laurel Blair Salton Clark Mission Specialist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>October 3 rd , 1961 – February 1 st , 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rick D. Husband Colonel, U.S. Air Force Shuttle Commander </li></ul><ul><ul><li>July 12 th , 1957 - February 1 st , 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>William &quot;Willie&quot; McCool Commander, U.S. Navy Shuttle Pilot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>September 23 rd , 1962 – February 1 st , 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ilan Ramon Colonel, Israeli Air Force Payload Specialist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>June 20 th , 1954 – February 1 st , 2003 </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>While concluding its 28 th mission, the Columbia space shuttle broke apart </li></ul><ul><li>This happened 16 minutes before scheduled landing time into Florida’s Kennedy Space Center </li></ul><ul><li>All seven crew members were killed in the debris </li></ul>What Happened?
  8. 8. <ul><li>A seal on the left wing was struck by a piece of foam the size of a small briefcase during liftoff and fell off the next day </li></ul><ul><li>At the time, this didn’t seem like a problem </li></ul><ul><li>While the Columbia was still in orbit, engineers suspected damage but no major investigations were ordered by NASA </li></ul>CAUSES
  9. 9. <ul><li>During re-entry, the damaged area allowed the hot gasses to penetrate and destroy the internal wing structure </li></ul><ul><li>Damage to the internal wing structure caused the in-flight break up </li></ul><ul><li>Massive ground searches recovered crew remains and many vehicle fragments </li></ul>CAUSES

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