Cloning is the process of biologically replicating organism.
The producing of an genetically identical individual to that of the original specimen.
Uses of Cloning
There are several uses for genetic cloning. The use of cloning is not a new occurrence. Grape farmers and winemakers have been cloning their grapes for over two millennia. Through a process called grafting, the growers get a true replication of their prized grapes.
Progress of Cloning
The cloning process has not changed drastically over the year, but advancements have been made to improve the resilience of the cloned specimen.
In 1952 there was speculation of whether or not a tadpole had been cloned. Eleven years later a carp was cloned in China. It would be another twenty-three years before the next animal would be cloned, a mouse. Finally in 1996, famous Dolly the sheep, was cloned. This sparked and fueled the cloning craze. Many more animals would be cloned over the next 13 years.
The Future of Cloning
There are several thoughts for the future of cloning. One idea is to extend cloning from animals to humans. This would provide a body of “spare parts” that would be readily available for the original. Another idea for cloning would be to clone endangered and extinct species. This came to fruition in 2001 when the first endangered species was cloned, a Guar.
Those in opposition of cloning believe that all life is sacred and that an individual has only one life to live.
Also, the thought of cloning humans solely for the purpose of harvesting organs is a highly controversial issue.