Charles Lindbergh


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Charles Lindbergh

  1. 1. Charles Lindbergh “ The Lone Eagle” (1902-1974)
  2. 2. Childhood <ul><li>Born on Feb. 4, 1902 in Detroit Michigan </li></ul><ul><li>He grew up in Minnesota </li></ul><ul><li>His Father was a congressman </li></ul><ul><li>Attended University of Wisconsin to study engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Became a stunt pilot at age of 20 </li></ul>(Charles Lindbergh Jr. on left)
  3. 3. Enlistment <ul><li>Enlisted in the US Army in 1924 </li></ul><ul><li>Was trained as an Army Air Service Reserve pilot </li></ul><ul><li>After training he was hired to fly the mail between St. Louis and Chicago </li></ul>
  4. 4. Orteig Prize <ul><li>Raymond Orteig, a NY hotel owner, offered a $25,000 prize for the first aviator to fly nonstop from NY to Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>Many pilots died trying to fly across the Atlantic, but Lindbergh wasn’t afraid. </li></ul>(Lindbergh, Orteig)
  5. 5. The Plane <ul><li>Charles had a custom plane built for his flight. </li></ul><ul><li>Nine businessmen from St. Louis helped finance the construction of his plane. </li></ul><ul><li>He named it the “Spirit of St. Louis”. </li></ul><ul><li>He tested his plane by flying from San Diego to New York City in just over 20 hours. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Spirit of St. Louis
  7. 7. The Flight <ul><li>On May 20, 1927, Lindbergh took off in the Spirit of St. Louis from Roosevelt Field, New York City at 7:52 A.M. </li></ul><ul><li>He landed at Le Bourget Field, Paris at 10:21 P.M. </li></ul><ul><li>The Total flight was 3600 miles, and was flown in 33 1/2 hours </li></ul>
  8. 8. After The Flight <ul><li>Charles Lindbergh was seen as a hero throughout the world. </li></ul><ul><li>He was honored with awards, celebrations and parades. </li></ul><ul><li>President Coolidge presented Charles with the Congressional Medal of Honor and the Distinguished Flying Cross. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Guggenheim Tour <ul><li>After he returned from his journey, the Daniel Guggenheim Fund sponsored Lindbergh on a three month nation-wide tour. </li></ul><ul><li>He visited 49 states, and 92 cities, gave 147 speeches, and traveled 1,290 miles in parades. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Lindy’s Wife <ul><li>While visiting Mexico, he met Ann Spencer Morrow, the daughter of the American ambasador there. </li></ul><ul><li>They were married in 1929. </li></ul><ul><li>He taught her how to fly and they went on many flying expeditions together. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Kidnapping <ul><li>Charles Augustus Lindbergh, Jr. was kidnapped on March 1, 1932 by Bruno Hauptmann. </li></ul><ul><li>After 10 weeks of searching, his body was found a few miles from the Lindbergh home. </li></ul><ul><li>Tests show he had been dead since he was taken. </li></ul><ul><li>The remains were so decomposed that at first no one could identify them as a boy or girl. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Trial <ul><li>Hauptmann was convicted of murder and executed in 1936. </li></ul><ul><li>After the trial, Lindbergh, his wife, and their 3-year-old son, Jon, moved to Europe to escape reporters and photographers. </li></ul>
  13. 13. German Medal of Honor <ul><li>While living Europe, Lindbergh was invited to tour the aircraft industry of Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1938, Hermann Goering, a high Nazi official, presented Lindbergh with a German medal of honor. </li></ul><ul><li>This caused an outcry in the United States among critics of Nazism. </li></ul>
  14. 14. World War II <ul><li>Lindbergh and his family returned to the United States in 1939. </li></ul><ul><li>He became a spokesperson for the American First Committee that oposed American entry into WWII and he resigned from the Army Air Corps after Roosevelt publicly denounced him. </li></ul>
  15. 15. WWII (cont.) <ul><li>After the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, Lindbergh stopped his noninvolvement activity. </li></ul><ul><li>He tried to reenlist, but was refused. </li></ul><ul><li>He decided to serve as a civilian technical advisor and test pilot for the Ford Motor Company and United Aircraft Corporation. </li></ul><ul><li>Despite his status, he ended up flying 50 combat missions for the United States. </li></ul>
  16. 16. After The War <ul><li>After the War ended, Lindbergh withdrew from public attention </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1960’s he resurfaced to speak out for the conservation movement </li></ul><ul><li>He died of cancer in 1974 and was buried near his home in Maui, Hawaii </li></ul>
  17. 17. Lindbergh’s Accomplishments <ul><li>He was the first man to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>He invented an artificial heart </li></ul><ul><li>He earned the Congressional Medal of Honor and the Distinguished Flying Cross </li></ul><ul><li>He flew missions in World War II </li></ul><ul><li>He made significant contributions to the advancement of American aircraft during WWII </li></ul><ul><li>President Eisenhower restored Lindbergh's commission and appointed him a brigadier general in the Air Force in 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>His book The Spirit of St. Louis won a Pulitzer Prize in 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>He eventually helped design the Boeing 747 jet </li></ul>
  18. 18. The End