Avian Flu Scare 2005-2006
Scientific Information <ul><li>Avian influenza, or “bird flu,” normally spreads only from bird to bird </li></ul><ul><li>I...
Diagram of H5N1
Other Facts <ul><li>The virus can be present in wild birds for a long time without making them sick </li></ul><ul><li>Viru...
In Vietnam <ul><li>Over the course of 2 years in Vietnam, the H5N1 strain of flu killed 140 million birds </li></ul><ul><l...
In Romania <ul><li>In late 2005, there was an outbreak of avian flu (bird to bird) in Romania </li></ul><ul><li>Medical te...
In Asia <ul><li>The H5N1 strain of the flu (bird to human) had been spreading in Asia since 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>H5N1 br...
Global Fear <ul><li>The World Health Organization (WHO) warned that if the virus mutated to spread from human to human, it...
US Fear and Preparation <ul><li>US feared that the deadly flu would spread to America </li></ul><ul><li>The US Senate appr...
Vaccination <ul><li>A vaccine was developed to be produced on a large scale </li></ul><ul><li>It was tested on 450 volunte...
Antiviral Drugs <ul><li>An antiviral drug, Tamiflu, seemed to be a good defense for after people contracted the flu </li><...
Preparation in Homes <ul><li>The US government began recommending that people have extra supplies at home in case of a pan...
Outcome <ul><li>Thankfully, the virus did not mutate to spread from human to human </li></ul><ul><li>The bird flu did not ...
Future Threat? <ul><li>The US CDC (Center for Disease Control) is currently working with the WHO to develop another vaccin...
Importance <ul><li>The fear of this disease swept the nation and caused months of worrying </li></ul><ul><li>Although the ...
The End
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Avian Flu Scare

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Avian Flu Scare

  1. 1. Avian Flu Scare 2005-2006
  2. 2. Scientific Information <ul><li>Avian influenza, or “bird flu,” normally spreads only from bird to bird </li></ul><ul><li>It spreads quickly in domesticated birds and is usually fatal </li></ul><ul><li>The virus can mutate to spread from birds to humans, a strain called H5N1 </li></ul><ul><li>The fear in 2005 was that this strain would mutate again to spread from human to human </li></ul>
  3. 3. Diagram of H5N1
  4. 4. Other Facts <ul><li>The virus can be present in wild birds for a long time without making them sick </li></ul><ul><li>Virus cannot be transmitted through the handling of properly cooked birds and eggs </li></ul>
  5. 5. In Vietnam <ul><li>Over the course of 2 years in Vietnam, the H5N1 strain of flu killed 140 million birds </li></ul><ul><li>It also infected 117 people, fatal to more than half of them </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the people who were infected had been in close contact with an infected bird for an extended period of time </li></ul><ul><li>Did not spread from person to person </li></ul>
  6. 6. In Romania <ul><li>In late 2005, there was an outbreak of avian flu (bird to bird) in Romania </li></ul><ul><li>Medical teams began rounding up domestic birds and killing them in order to prevent the spread of the flu </li></ul><ul><li>They also sprayed disinfectant </li></ul>
  7. 7. In Asia <ul><li>The H5N1 strain of the flu (bird to human) had been spreading in Asia since 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>H5N1 broke out in Russia, Kazakhstan, and Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>The disease began spreading through migrating birds </li></ul>
  8. 8. Global Fear <ul><li>The World Health Organization (WHO) warned that if the virus mutated to spread from human to human, it could cause a global pandemic and kill 2 to 7 million people </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to the H5N1 strain, other strains of bird flu were mutating and researchers feared human to human infection was inevitable </li></ul>
  9. 9. US Fear and Preparation <ul><li>US feared that the deadly flu would spread to America </li></ul><ul><li>The US Senate approved a plan to spend $4 billion in preparation for a pandemic </li></ul>
  10. 10. Vaccination <ul><li>A vaccine was developed to be produced on a large scale </li></ul><ul><li>It was tested on 450 volunteers with promising results </li></ul><ul><li>The US paid a French company, Sanofi Pasteur, to get 20 million vaccines </li></ul>
  11. 11. Antiviral Drugs <ul><li>An antiviral drug, Tamiflu, seemed to be a good defense for after people contracted the flu </li></ul><ul><li>As it was only tested on animals, no one could be certain of the results </li></ul><ul><li>The US had planned to have 12.3 million doses ready, but they needed 20 million doses </li></ul><ul><li>However, to reach demand, the Swiss company Roche, may have needed until 2008 to make enough of the drug </li></ul>
  12. 12. Preparation in Homes <ul><li>The US government began recommending that people have extra supplies at home in case of a pandemic </li></ul><ul><li>This included extra food and water as well as medications </li></ul>
  13. 13. Outcome <ul><li>Thankfully, the virus did not mutate to spread from human to human </li></ul><ul><li>The bird flu did not come to the US </li></ul><ul><li>In America, there is currently a ban on the importation of birds and bird products (ex: eggs) from countries affected by H5N1 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Future Threat? <ul><li>The US CDC (Center for Disease Control) is currently working with the WHO to develop another vaccine </li></ul><ul><li>Although the virus does not usually spread from person to person, scientists and researchers are still concerned that the virus could mutate to do so </li></ul>
  15. 15. Importance <ul><li>The fear of this disease swept the nation and caused months of worrying </li></ul><ul><li>Although the flu did not cause a pandemic, it was the first time in modern day history that a virus caused so much concern in America </li></ul>
  16. 16. The End
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