Art Of The 1920’S


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Art Of The 1920’S

  1. 1. Art of the 1920’s Jen Goldsman and Veronica Dallas
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Precisionism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Georgia O’Keefe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edward Hooper </li></ul></ul><ul><li>American Scene Painting/ Regionalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grant Wood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Hart Benton </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Photography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Man Ray </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Abstract expressionism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackson Pollock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Willem de Kooning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Genre Works </li></ul><ul><ul><li>George Luks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles Hawthorne </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Precisionism <ul><li>Emerged after World War 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Cubism and Futurism </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly focused on Industrialism and Modernization of the American landscape </li></ul><ul><li>These artists tried to avoid European influence in their work </li></ul><ul><li>Some famous Precisionists were Georgia O’Keeffe, Edward Hopper and Charles Demuth </li></ul>Aucassiu and Nicolette by Charles Demuth Oil on canvas, 1921
  4. 4. Georgia O’Keeffe <ul><li>November 15, 1887- March 6, 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>Known for her abstract paintings of flowers, rocks, shells, animal bones and landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>Of Mexican decent, but born in Wisconsin. </li></ul><ul><li>Attended School of the Art Institute of Chicago, later became an elementary art school teacher </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1920’s she moved to New York City and started to focus on oil paintings, particularly of landscapes and architecture. </li></ul><ul><li>By the mid-20’s she was known as one of America’s most important artists </li></ul><ul><li>Her works usually sold for around $25,000 </li></ul><ul><li>During the late 20’s, she moved to New Mexico for new inspiration </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The following slides are some of Georgia O’Keeffe’s most famous artworks </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ram's Head White Hollyhock and Little Hills, 1935
  7. 7. White Trumpet Flower 1887-1986
  8. 8. Jack-in-the-Pulpit No. IV 1930
  9. 9. Radiator Building by night 1926
  10. 10. Edward Hopper <ul><li>Born in Nyack, New York </li></ul><ul><li>In 1905, be became an illustrator for a magazine, yet grew to hate the job </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled to Europe from time to time for inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Most popular for his oil paintings; however, he was also skilled in watercolors, printmaking, and etching </li></ul><ul><li>Depicted his personal views of American modern life through his art </li></ul><ul><li>Always paid close attention to geometrical shapes and proper balance of environment within his art </li></ul>July 22, 1882 – May 15, 1967
  11. 11. The following slides are some of Edward Hopper’s most famous artworks
  12. 12. Nighthawks 1942
  13. 13. The Long Leg 1935
  14. 14. Chop Suey 1829
  15. 15. American Scene Painting/ Regionalism <ul><li>Most known for having a “natural” style of painting </li></ul><ul><li>Depicts everyday American life </li></ul><ul><li>Regionalists had a simple way of painting </li></ul><ul><li>Most created works of art of rural landscapes, small towns, and simple people </li></ul><ul><li>Some famous American Scene painters are Grant Wood, Thomas Hart Benton, and John Steuart Curry </li></ul>Stone City By Grant Wood 1930
  16. 16. Grant Wood <ul><li>born in Anamosa, Iowa </li></ul><ul><li>Was an apprentice in a metal shop, enrolled in an art school in Minneapolis in 1910 </li></ul><ul><li>he became a school teacher, and later attended the School of the Art Institute of Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>Best known for his paintings depicting the American Midwest </li></ul><ul><li>made trips to Europe and was influenced by Jan Van Eyck </li></ul><ul><li>Helped to found Stone City Art Colony, a small town near his hometown, that helped artists get through the Great Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Grant Wood later went on to teach at University of Iowa's School of Art in 1934 </li></ul><ul><li>He died of liver cancer the day before his 51 st birthday </li></ul>February 13, 1891 – February 12, 1942
  17. 17. The following slides are some of Grant Wood’s most famous artworks
  18. 18. Spring In Town 1941
  19. 19. Fall Plowing 1931
  20. 20. American Gothic 1930 *** FUN FACT Grant Wood’s sister, Nan Wood Graham is the woman modeling in this famous piece
  21. 21. Thomas Hart Benton <ul><li>Benton was born in Neosho, Missouri </li></ul><ul><li>He enrolled at the Art Institute of Chicago, but left for Paris in 1909 to continue his art education at the Académie Julian </li></ul><ul><li>He returned to New York in 1913 and worked as a draftsman for the Navy, which changed his style of painting significantly. </li></ul><ul><li>On December 24, 1934, Benton was featured on the first color cover of Time magazine. </li></ul><ul><li>Benton taught at the Art Students League of New York from 1926 to 1935 and at the Kansas City Art Institute from 1935 to 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson Pollack, a famous abstract artist, was one of his students </li></ul><ul><li>In 1937, he published his critically acclaimed autobiography, An Artist in America , which was praised by Sinclair Lewis: “Here’s a rare thing, a painter who can write.” </li></ul><ul><li>Benton’s sculpture like paintings depicted everyday life in the United States. </li></ul>April 15, 1889 - January 19, 1975
  22. 22. The following slides are some of Thomas Hart Benton’s most famous artworks
  23. 23. People of Chilmark 1920
  24. 24. The Twist 1964
  25. 25. Parks, the Circus, the Klan, the Press 1933
  26. 26. Fisherman at Sunset 1947
  27. 27. Photography <ul><li>Before the 1920’s “dry-plate” and “wet-plate” negatives , which made picture taking less cumber some, were used </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These never became quite popular </li></ul></ul><ul><li>in 1920, plastic based films were produced, which became very popular </li></ul><ul><li>Different paper used to print the photographs were used </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Glass plates and salted paper </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non curling paper and non flammable plastic based film were key improvements in the 1920’s </li></ul><ul><li>Color film will be developed later in the 1930’s </li></ul><ul><li>Some famous photographers of the 1920’s included Ansel Adams and Man Ray </li></ul>Ansel Adams
  28. 28. Man Ray <ul><li>Born in South Philly, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>Birth name: Emmanuel Radnitzky </li></ul><ul><ul><li>when he acquired the nickname “ Manny,” he changed his name to Man Ray for short </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Described by most as a modernist </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in New York for some time, yet spent most of his life in Paris, France </li></ul><ul><li>Met Alice Prin, in France, who became a model for many of his works </li></ul><ul><li>Known for his avant-grade, or experimental, photography of fashion and portraits </li></ul><ul><li>Apart from photography, Man Ray was also a painter, sculptor, and collage artist </li></ul><ul><li>He also experimented with short films </li></ul><ul><li>In 1963 he published his autobiography, Self-Portrait </li></ul>August 27, 1890 – November 18, 1976
  29. 29. The following slides are some of Man Ray’s most famous artworks
  30. 30. Les Champs Délicieux 1976
  31. 31. Iron Date unknown
  32. 32. Noire et Blanche 1926
  33. 33. Glass Tears 1926
  34. 34. Abstract Expressionism <ul><li>Post World War II art movement </li></ul><ul><li>“ energetic” and “rebellious” style </li></ul><ul><li>Described as “action painting” </li></ul><ul><li>Usually used vibrant, bright colors, on large canvases </li></ul><ul><li>major centers of this style were New York City, and the San Francisco Bay area of California. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the most famous Abstract artists included Jackson Pollack, Barnett Newman, Williem de Kooning, and Hans Hofmann </li></ul><ul><li>We are in the process of making the world, to a certain extent, in our own image.“-Barnett Newman </li></ul>Onement Barnett Newmann
  35. 35. Jackson Pollack <ul><li>born in Cody, Wyoming </li></ul><ul><li>In 1930 he moved to New York and studied under Thomas Hart Benton </li></ul><ul><li>In 1945 he married Lee </li></ul><ul><li>Krasner, another abstract artist </li></ul><ul><li>Pollock was introduced to the use of liquid paint in 1936, at an experimental workshop operated in New York City </li></ul><ul><li>he began painting with his canvases laid out on the studio floor, and developed what was later called his &quot;drip&quot; technique </li></ul><ul><li>He was nicknamed “Jack the Dipper” after his techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Pollock's technique of pouring and dripping paint is thought to be one of the origins of the term action painting </li></ul><ul><li>His style was focused on the movement of his hand and how the paint absorbed into the canvas </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson numbered his paintings because he thought titles distracted from the art </li></ul>January 28, 1912 – August 11, 1956
  36. 36. The following slides are some of Jackson Pollack’s most famous artworks
  37. 37. Number 18 1956
  38. 38. Number 8 1949
  39. 39. Number 1 (Lavender Mist) 1950
  40. 40. Willem de Kooning <ul><li>Most known for his abstract paintings </li></ul><ul><li>born in Rotterdam, the Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>He attended the Rotterdam Academy of Fine Arts and Techniques for eight years </li></ul><ul><li>In 1926, De Kooning entered the United States as a stowaway on a British freighter, the SS Shelly , to Newport News, Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>He supported himself as a housepainter until he moved into his own studio in 1927 </li></ul><ul><li>Kooning is known for his bold style </li></ul><ul><li>He overlaps objects to create dimension throughout the work </li></ul><ul><li>Kooning focuses most of his painting on human figures as well as landscapes </li></ul><ul><li>His paintings sell for millions of dollars </li></ul>April 24, 1904 – March 19, 1997
  41. 41. The following slides are some of Willem de Kooning’s most famous artworks
  42. 42. Woman V 1952
  43. 43. Excavation 1950
  44. 44. No title 1988
  45. 45. Asheville 1948
  46. 46. Genre Works <ul><li>Also called “realists” </li></ul><ul><li>Represented scenes of everyday life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually of markets, parties, streets, inns…etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ordinary people doing common activities </li></ul><ul><li>Paintings were usually not as colorful as other styles of the period </li></ul><ul><li>Genre works generally have a more realists look to them compared to abstract and surrealism </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the most famous genre artists of the period include George Luks and Charles Hawthorne </li></ul>Peasant Dance , 1568, oil on wood, by Pieter Brueghel
  47. 47. George Luks August 13, 1867- October 29, 1933 <ul><li>Born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><li>Luks studied at the Pennsylvania Academy before he traveled though Europe where he attended several art schools </li></ul><ul><li>returned to Philadelphia in 1893 where he was an illustrator for the Philadelphia Press </li></ul><ul><li>Was part of a group of artists that called each other “the Philadelphia Five” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Later became “the Eight” when three other members joined </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Painted scenes of everyday life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most famous for his scenes of life in New York City </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Very skilled at capturing gestures, as well as background details </li></ul><ul><li>Was known for being a rebel; his friends adored him because of his humor and the way he inspired them </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; I'm George Luks, and I'm a rare bird. You people stick with me and you'll have a good time. &quot; </li></ul>
  48. 48. The following slides are some of George Luk’s most famous artworks
  49. 49. Street Scene (Hester Street ) 1905
  50. 50. In the Steerage 1900
  51. 51. New York City Date unknown When using an art grid technique, you find that the focal point of the painting is where the mother is tugging on the little boy’s ear. Notice that certain heads in the painting are turned toward this scene to bring your eyes into the center.
  52. 52. Charles Hawthorne <ul><li>American portrait and Genre Painter </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Maine </li></ul><ul><li>Worked in a stain glass factory in New York </li></ul><ul><li>Studied abroad in both Holland and Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Traveled to France from time to time </li></ul><ul><li>Founded the Cape Cod School of Art in 1899 </li></ul><ul><li>Norman Rockwell was one of his students </li></ul><ul><li>Known for his tones and values in oil paintings </li></ul>January 8, 1872 – November 29, 1930 Self portrait of Charles Hawthorne when he was young
  53. 53. The following slides are some of Charles Hawthorne’s most famous artworks
  54. 54. Crew of the Philomena Manta 1915
  55. 55. Girl in the Yellow Scarf 1904
  56. 56. A Study in White 1925
  57. 57. thank you for watching our presentation, we hoped you enjoyed it and learned more about art of the 1920’s The End