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9.4 the war of 1812
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9.4 the war of 1812


9.4 Notes, Mr. Fralick

9.4 Notes, Mr. Fralick

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  • 1.  
  • 2. 9.4 The War of 1812
    • Why unprepared- Fewer than 7,000 troops; poorly trained militia; Commanders too old to fight; split support; underestimating Britain’s strength
  • 3. Canada
    • War in Canada- Began July 1812; General Hull and General Harrison both made unsuccessful attempts to defeat British/NA in Canada
    • Naval Battles - Oliver Hazard Perry captured control of Lake Erie from British; Tecumseh killed in Battle of Thames; Toronto attacked
  • 4. More Battles
    • Battle of Horseshoe Bend - After Tecumseh was killed, the NA confederation fell apart; Andrew Jackson led troops to attack; forced Creeks to give up most land in the Mississippi Territory
  • 5. Up in Flames
    • British Attack on Washington D.C.- August 1814; sailed into Chesapeake Bay; attempted to burn/destroy everything related to the government; burned the Capitol and president’s mansion
    • Francis Scott Key- Wrote the Star-Spangled Banner after watching the bombs burst over Ft. McHenry; became national anthem in 1931
  • 6. Down go the British
    • British Defeat at Plattsburgh- Sir George Provost led British troops to capture Plattsburgh; American naval force defeated them and forced them back into Canada
    • Significance of the Battle of Lake Champlain- British decided the war in NA was too costly and unnecessary
  • 7. It’s Over…
    • Treaty of Ghent - Americans and British signed peace agreement; no changes resulted
    • Battle of New Orleans - Word of treaty hadn’t reached all yet; Andrew Jackson’s troops were ready for British; hid behind cotton bales which absorbed bullets
  • 8. War Hero
    • Significance of win for Andrew Jackson - War hero; fame helped him win presidency in 1828
    • New England Federalists - Had opposed war the entire time; most wanted to remain with Union; proposed several amendments to Constitution; party was weakened
  • 9. Essential Question
    • How did the U.S. benefit from its victory in the War of 1812?
      • End of threat from N.A. Confederation
      • Growth of national pride
      • Respect abroad
  • 10.