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Pjas 2009 10-guidelines-1
 

Pjas 2009 10-guidelines-1

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    Pjas 2009 10-guidelines-1 Pjas 2009 10-guidelines-1 Document Transcript

    • WISSAHICKON HIGH SCHOOL HONORS PHYSICAL SCIENCE 2009-2010 PENNSYLVANIA JUNIOR ACADEMY OF SCIENCE EXPERIMENT GUIDELINES
    • I N C L U D E D I N T H I S PA C K E T: ✦ General Information 1 ✦ Honors Physical Science Topics 3 ✦ Schedule 4 ✦ #1: Brainstorming and Hypothesis 5 ✦ #2: Problem Statement with Hypothesis 6 ✦ #3: Design Diagram 7 ✦ #4: Materials and Procedure 8 ✦ #5: Background and Bibliography 9 ✦ #6: Research Results 10 ✦ Abstract 11 ✦ PJAS Logbook 11 ✦ Presentation Guidelines 12 ✦ Presentation Rubric 13 Wi s s a h i c k o n H i g h S c h o o l - H o n o r s P h y s i c a l S c i e n c e
    • General Information PJAS Goals (from http://pjas.net) The Pennsylvania Junior Academy of Science sponsored by the Pennsylvania Academy of Science, as an Affiliate of the American Association for the Advancement of Science is organized with the following objectives: •To promote greater participation in science and mathematics activities among the youth of Pennsylvania. •To improve the quality of achievement in mathematics and science by encouraging students to participate in research and develop original ideas. •To develop an understanding of the scientific community through close association with leaders in the sciences. •To seek the improvement of science clubs activities through the cooperative regional and state meetings. •To inculcate among its members true scientific attitudes and humanistic ideals that shall lead to the greater development of service to man. Student Participation Student participants in the PJAS program are encouraged to follow the scientific method to select a project, research the background, formulate a hypothesis, develop an experiment to prove or disprove the hypothesis, and to collect and analyze data from their experiment. The students then prepare a written report and give an oral presentation with audio visuals to their sponsor. Group projects are not permitted. Students who are selected at the school level then are registered to present their project at the regional meeting. The regional meetings are usually in February or early March each year. The students at the regional meeting are divided into units of around ten students who are all in the same area of scientific research, such as chemistry. A panel of two or more judges then evaluates the student's project presentation against set criteria. The students can receive a first, second or third award on their project. Each unit can have more than one first award. Students who receive a first award are then eligible to go to the State Meeting at Penn State University the third weekend in May. The judges at the regional and state meetings are sponsors, graduate students, college professors, and scientists from industry. PJAS has developed a set of guidelines for judging the student presenters along with a briefing format to assure that the judging is consistent throughout the state. honors physical science student is expected to research, design, and carry out an independent research based laboratory project. 1
    • Assignments All assignments must be typed with an appropriate heading and have the appropriate rubric attached on the front. This makes the scoring more consistent. If you lose the rubric you will have to get one by borrowing one from a classmate and making a copy. Assignments will be only collected at the start of class on the days listed on the enclosed schedule unless changes are made in class. Late portions of the PJAS project are subject to a daily 20% penalty. Logbook Throughout the experiment you must maintain a logbook of your efforts. This log should contain an accurate record of what you do after you have chosen your topic and have begun to plan your project. This must be a separate notebook in which you may not tear out or add to the pages. All pages must be numbered. All entries must be dated and be written in pen. The log should have a title page and a table of contents (allow 3 pages) at the front of the notebook. PJAS Applications There is also a set of paperwork that is required for entry into the PJAS competitions. All students, whether or not they expect to participate in the competitions, will complete these forms. They will be provided to you, along with instructions, at a later date. Even though the final presentations are due in December, you may show me possible slides / overheads at any time. I ask that you give me a week's time to look at them and provide some feedback. Throughout the course of the semester, there will be questions taken during class, hints, and a sample presentation or two to assist you. Above all, if you have any questions, ask. Our goal is for every student to have an excellent project. 2
    • Honors Physical Science Topics Skills of Physical Science Electromagnets Observation/Inquiry Magnetic forces on moving charges Measurement Electromagnetic induction Mass Faradays law Length Volume Waves Temperature Basic Wave Properties Density Sound Graphing Doppler Effect Scientific method Electromagnetic Spectrum Light Motion Polarized Light Speed Reflection Velocity Refraction Acceleration Diffraction Gravity Color Free-Fall Hang time Properties of Matter Air resistance States of matter Circular Motion Properties of matter Projectile Motion Physical properties Chemical Properties Newton’s Laws of Motion Physical and Chemical Changes Newton’s 1st law Solutions Inertia, mass, weight Solubility Mechanical and dynamic equilibrium Mixtures Liquids Momentum Pressure in a liquid Momentum Archimedes principle Impulse Gases Conservation of momentum Bernoulli’s principle Inelastic vs. elastic collisions Heat Energy and Heat Temperature Types of Energy Heat Transfer Transformation of Energy Convection, Conduction, Radiation Work Specific Heat Power Conservation of Energy Simple Machines: The Atom, Periodic Table, and Bonding Mechanical advantage Structure of atom Efficiency Elements Ions Electricity and Magnetism The Periodic Table Electricity Molecules and Compounds Electric force and charge Chemical bonding Static electricity Ionic, covalent compounds Coulomb’s law Valence electrons and role in bonding Electric current: alternating and direct Polar molecules Resistance Chemical Reactions Circuits: series and parallel Conservation of Mass Magnetism Balancing equations 3
    • Schedule The following schedule outlines the portions of the PJAS project for this course and when they are due. All dates are subject to slight change. Students must complete each assignment before continuing with the next. Students may not begin their experiment before the successful completion of step #4. #1 Brainstorm and Hypothesis -Friday, September 25st #2 Problem Statement -Friday, October 2nd #3 Design Diagram -Thursday, October 8th #4 Materials & Methods and PJAS Forms -Friday, October 16th Do NOT begin your experiment until step #4 has been approved and returned from your teacher #5 Background & Bibliography -Friday, November 6th #6 Results & Conclusions -Friday, December 4th Presentation Submission -Friday, December 11th Computer files must be submitted directly to the teacher using either a flash drive, compact disk, or other method by this deadline. Online or email submissions will not be acceptable. Presentations will begin on December 14th 4
    • S t u d e n t N a m e : P r o p o s a l Ti t l e #1: Brainstorming and Hypothesis This section will allow you to try a few ideas, and be sure that you understand the fundamental meaning of a research question. State four topics that you might select for your project. Be sure that you find something that interests you. There is too much time spent on this project to study something that you find boring. Your project must be a physical science related project. To give you an idea of the topics you can choose from, you may consult the attached topical outline, old PJAS program books, or go online to science fair websites . For each topic, state your hypothesis. The hypothesis is worded so that it can be tested in your experiment. Do this by expressing the hypothesis using your independent variable (the variable you change during your experiment) and your dependent variable (the variable that changes in response and depends on changes in the independent variable). Not only must you incorporate all these variables in your hypothesis, but you also must express them in a way that you can readily measure. Perhaps the most common form is that of an “if-then” statement. Assignment Rubric Good Fair Poor Submission by the start of class 9 /25 _____ days late Submission follows proper guidelines 5 3 0 ( ex: length, typed, or other requirements) Topics are appropriate and related to physical science topics 5 3 0 Each hypothesis follows correct format, can be proven by experiment 5 3 0 specific Iv and DV identified 5 3 0 / 20 possible points resubmit with corrections: 5
    • S t u d e n t N a m e : P r o p o s a l Ti t l e #2: Problem Statement with Hypothesis This step will focus your brainstorming to the one idea that you plan to investigate. You will begin by writing a paragraph with a more complete description of your single topic. This should include a brief explanation of the experiment, the question that you will try to answer, and the basic materials that you will be using. You must include a working hypothesis that follows the form described during brainstorming. Include 4 questions that you will need answered to understand the experiment. Often, this will help you be certain that your experiment will provide measurable results. This will help you start from an educated beginning. These questions will also help you better explain your research at the time of your presentation. Assignment Rubric Good Fair Poor Re-Submit Submission by the start of class 10 /2 _____ days late Submission follows proper guidelines ( ex: length, typed, or other requirements) 2 The Problem Statement -is in a paragraph form that explains the experiment 4 2 0 -makes clear the specific question the project seeks to answer 4 2 0 -offers a brief description of acceptable materials to be used 4 2 0 The Hypothesis -is in the correct format 4 2 0 -can be proven by the experiment 4 2 0 Four Questions -describe background knowledge required to effectively design the experiment, including basic science concepts that you will need to understand before the experiment 8 4 0 / 30 possible points resubmit with corrections: 6
    • S t u d e n t N a m e : P r o p o s a l Ti t l e #3: Design Diagram Attach a detailed and thorough copy of your experimental design diagram making sure you clearly show that you have planned for and thought about the following. Assignment Rubric Good Fair Poor Re-Submit Submission by the start of class 10 / 8 _____ days late Submission follows proper guidelines ( ex: length, typed, or other requirements) 2 0 All required components of the Design Diagram Title 2 0 Hypothesis 2 0 Independent Variable 2 0 Levels 2 0 Trials 2 0 Control where possible 2 0 Dependent Variable 2 0 Constants 2 0 Appropriate format- organized and easy to follow 2 0 / 20 possible points resubmit with corrections: 7
    • S t u d e n t N a m e : P r o p o s a l Ti t l e #4: Materials and Procedure In this step you will be truly designing your experiment. Be sure to include every step to be followed, a specific list of materials, and safety precautions you will need to follow. Steps must be numbered. Do not use first person descriptions in procedure. Required materials from the classroom need to be listed separately and checked with the teacher. Assignment Rubric Good Fair Poor Re-Submit Submission by the start of class 10 /16 _____ days late Submission follows proper guidelines ( ex: length, typed, or other requirements) 4 2 0 Materials Comprehensive list of materials 5 3 0 Materials are all readily available 5 3 0 Procedure A single independent variable is present 4 2 0 A control group is present when possible 4 2 0 Procedure should be complete and thorough 4 2 0 Numbered steps should be concise and understandable 4 2 0 Safety Precautions Safety concerns are addressed 10 5 0 / 40 possible points resubmit with corrections: 8
    • S t u d e n t N a m e : P r o p o s a l Ti t l e #5: Background and Bibliography In this step you will support both your research and your conclusions. Use five or more sources to find the answers to your four questions. In addition you should perform research on all scientific concepts that you need to understand your project. You should use a variety of sources. If you are searching the internet for information, it is important that the source is current, accurate, and reputable. Finally you need to create an annotated bibliography of your research. Sources should be cited in MLA format, and have a brief summary of the information obtained from each. Assignment Rubric Good Fair Poor Re-Submit Submission by the start of class 11 /6 _____ days late Submission follows proper guidelines ( ex: length, typed, or other requirements) 4 2 0 Background report Original four questions have all been researched It is possible that other questions also were added 5 3 0 You must show a proper understanding of each topic 6 3 0 The original 4 questions should be attached to this assignment Sources No fewer than 5 sources may be used 5 3 0 You must use a variety of sources 5 3 0 Sources must be reputable 5 3 0 Bibliography MLA format must be used 5 3 0 After each source, provide a brief research summary 5 3 0 / 40 possible points resubmit with corrections: 9
    • S t u d e n t N a m e : P r o p o s a l Ti t l e #6: Research Results In this step you will combine and analyze the measurements from your experiment. One of the most important parts of any research is the ability to communicate what you have learned. In this part, you will present your measurements in table or chart form, graph and analyze your data, and make conclusions based on your results. Remember to only use SI (metric) units. Assignment Rubric Good Fair Poor Re-Submit Submission by the start of class 12 / 4 _____ days late Submission follows proper guidelines 4 2 0 Data Table Only metric (SI) units may be used 4 2 0 The table must be easy to read and interpret 4 2 0 Calculations Significant digits must be observed 4 2 0 In addition to average results, proper statistics are used (% error,std deviation, Chi-square or other tests that apply) 5 3 0 Computer generated graph of results 5 3 0 Conclusions Purpose of the experiment 4 2 0 Summary of findings 4 2 0 Answer to “Did the data support the hypothesis?” 4 2 0 Explain sources of error and their impact on the results of the experiment 4 2 0 Offer recommendations for improvements 4 2 0 Based on your findings create a hypothesis for a logical subsequent experiment 4 2 0 / 50 possible points resubmit with corrections: 10
    • S t u d e n t N a m e : P r o p o s a l Ti t l e Abstract The abstract is a short version (200-250 words) of the research project to be read by the judges. Before the presentation, this will provide judges with a concise summary of your research. In paragraph form you must include your problem statement, hypothesis, brief procedure summary, major results and conclusions. Submission of each with your presentation in December _____ days late Assignment Rubric Good Fair Poor Re-Submit Submission follows proper guidelines 2 1 0 Problem Statement 2 1 0 Hypothesis 2 1 0 Procedure 2 1 0 Major Results 2 1 0 Conclusions 2 1 0 PJAS Logbook Throughout the experiment you must maintain a logbook of your efforts. This log should contain an accurate record of what you do after you have chosen your topic and have begun to plan your project. This must be a separate notebook in which you may not tear out or add to the pages. All pages must be numbered. All entries must be dated and be written in pen. The log should have a title page and a table of contents (allow 3 pages) at the front of the notebook. Record all data and observations in an organized manner. Never erase anything from the log. Instead, cross out mistakes with a single line Assignment Rubric Good Fair Poor Re-Submit Submission follows proper guidelines 2 1 0 Title Page 2 1 0 Table of Contents 2 1 0 All entries are handwritten in pen 2 1 0 Pages are all numbered 2 1 0 An adequate number of entries represents your efforts 2 1 0 / 24 possible points resubmit with corrections: 11
    • Presentation Guidelines You may use either overhead transparencies or PowerPoint to do your presentation. Computer files must be submitted directly to the teacher using either a flash drive, compact disk, or other methods. Online or email submissions will not be acceptable. For the classroom presentations you have 5-7 minutes. This does not include time for questions. For the PJAS judges this time must remain under 10 minutes. It is your responsibility to make sure that any presentations work in the lab room. Take the time to be sure that files open, any graphics are visible and all text is legible. Be thorough. Be professional. Keep gimmicks out of your presentation. Your discussion should clearly present the analysis and thinking you used. I expect to see the following: 1) Title (should refer to variables)- Follow the form: "The effect of X on Y" 2) A problem statement or question 3) A hypothesis and rationale for it 4) Background information (make sure you understand it) 5) A Design Diagram 6) Make sure everything is metric 7) Materials and procedure 8) Data- show averages, average errors, with calculations 9) Graphs 10) Conclusions (relate to hypothesis, supported or not) 11) Summary 12) Types of errors 13) Improvements (be specific) 14) Extensions (follow up experiments) After your presentation there will be critique and questions. Hints on slides- use large print and try to use bullets not paragraphs. Contrast helps, pale colors don't. Use no more than a couple of fonts, sizes or colors on a slide. Show calculations. During your classmates' presentations you are expected to listen, pay attention and not do work for any other class. Check spelling and grammar. Make sure you can pronounce any and all technical terms (ask if you need help) Your teacher will be happy to preview slides if you wish. Plan ahead. The scoring is not competitive. There is no set number of A's etc. and I expect there will be many very high scores. If you did a two part project- do a separate design diagram for each. You need to show a detailed calculation just once. 12
    • Presentation Rubric SLIDE PRESENTATION Great Fair Missing TITLE - Correct format, capitalized, and name on the title slide 2 1 0 PURPOSE - Include why you chose your topic. 2 1 0 HYPOTHESIS - An if - then statement of your original expectations. 2 1 0 BACKGROUND - Explain the theories, terms, and equations of your topic. 5 3 0 DESIGN DIAGRAM - Proper form with control clearly identified (if present). 2 1 0 METHODS- Complete description of the experimental procedure. 5 3 0 RESULTS / DATA TABLE - Logical format (all units in SI). 5 3 0 PHOTOS / DOCUMENTATION - Show the results of your experiment. 2 1 0 GRAPH OF DATA - Visual presentation of final results. 2 1 0 CONCLUSION - Was there a justified support of the hypothesis. 2 1 0 POSSIBLE ERROR - Are there necessary improvements to the experiment? 2 1 0 EXTENSIONS - What would be the next logical step? 2 1 0 VISUAL ORGANIZATION- Clear and concise. 5 3 0 APPEARANCE - Fonts and colors are easy to read 5 3 0 RESULTS - Results are easy to find, and appropriate scales are used. 5 3 0 PRESENTATION SPEAKING - Clear, and easy to understand 4 2 0 EYE CONTACT - Presenting to your audience, not your notes. 4 2 0 NOTES - A flowing speech resulting from good use of notes 4 2 0 UNDERSTANDING - Demonstrating knowledge in the presentation or Q&A 10 7 3 0 TOTAL POINTS OF 70 POSSIBLE 13