WWII had dramatic effects on British society whichwe will begin to look at today. Looking to future lessons …..when the war was overthere was very large upheaval in manufacturingindustries http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jQ_ECwHg7_c&NR=1&feature=endscreen The 1950s also saw the creation of the NHShttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vG9wCSrTbXs
Our first investigation: Who came to Britain duringWWII? Use the sources available to discover: Who settled in Britain? How were they treated? What happened to them in Britain?
They arrived from 1942 onwards Over 3 million were posted inthe UK throughout the war Most were very open and friendlyand got on well with locals Britain was divided strongly by class lines – working classpeople were supposed to know their place. America was notso divided and American GIs mixed freely with all classes. GIs were very popular with the girls – they were well paid socould take the girls to the best clubs and restaurants 80,000 British women became ‘GI Brides’ and emmigratedto the USA
130,000 African American soldiers came to Britain Americans werent class conscious but they were raceconscious - in USA they suffered harsh discrimination inschools, cinemas and restaurants. The US army in Britain was segregated A report by Neil Wynn onGloucester showed that AAs weretreated very well by Brits and Britsoften criticised the White Americans for their treatment ofAA. Walter White of the NAACP saidfor AA in Britain provided ‘their firstexperience in being treated asnormal human beings and friends by white people’
Do these two sourcescontradict each other?
Before the American soldiers arrived, there was a largeinflux of troops from the Commonwealth Canadians, Australians, New Zealanders and Indiansserved in the British forces. Also people from theCaribbean (West Indies) cameto Britain 40,000 marriages betweenCanadian soldier and Britishwomen
What does this source tell us about Prisoners of War?Are you surprised how British people treat them?Do you think the Brits who treat them in this way are betraying the British Soldiersat war?
Most POWs were Germanand Italian captured inNorth Africa There were 157,000 Italiansand 402,000 Germans in Britainat its highest figure. POWS were generally treated well, they were given the same foodrations as British Servicemen which was more than Britishcivilians They had access to medical care They were often paid small wages for the work they did - inagriculture filling the gap left by those that had gone to war Were offered a range of educational classes run by other prisoners– learned English 25,000 German POWs stayed in Britain after the war.
14,000 served in the RAF andmany more in other areas of thearmed forces. Many poles managed to escapewhen they were invaded by Russiaand Germany in 1939 120,000 settled in Britain permanently A Polish Resettlement Corps was set up to housePoles and provide training and work for them - thehouses were often in ex-war camps/military campsand were very basic By 1948 65,000 workers were employed under thePRC – it finished in 1949 because almost all Poles hadfound a job or worked for themselves
Choose one of the sources from the sheet and create anexam question similar to those that would appear onyour exam. Also Create a detailed mark scheme to go with yourquestion so someone would no how to answer it. Look at the example mark shcme provided to see howit is done. (you need to provide example sentences foreach of the marks/levels)