How far did the lives of young people change 1945 75
How far did the lives of youngpeople change 1945 -75?What is a teenager?What separates teenagers from their parents?(think about all the things that make you different to your parents –taste, hobbies, opinions, communication, appearance etc)Do you think that young children/teenagers have and will always be different to theirparents?What do you think you will be like when your parents and what will your children belike?
Did Teenagers exist in the early 50s?• Of course people of the ages 13-19 in the 1950s existedbut the term teenager is much more than that. It refersto all the things we have been talking about –teenagers have a culture of their own.• Look at source 1 on page 482• What does this suggest?• Then look at source 3• Does this suggest something different?
Young people in the early 1950s• 1950s Britain was quite a boring place to live– Lots of destroyed buildings– Lots of building sites – new council housing– Rationing still in force until 1954– National service until 1960 (army for 18 monthsfor men 17-21 years)– Pubs hours controlled
There were no teenagers either!• Most young people seemed like small versions oftheir parents– They wore similar clothes– Went to same school as their parents did– Followed same routines – church on Sunday, visitingrelatives, listening to same music and dances. Afterschool they worked in same place as parents.– There was only 1 TV channel! Whole family sat roundthe TV together. Listen to same radio programmestogether
However things start to change…..• In the second half of the 1950s Britain’s economy stared to recover .This led to:– Low unemployment – young people leaving school could get a job– Wages increase faster than prices – more money to spend. Most• At the same time birth control meant smaller families – easier to feedand clothe• Young people had more leisure time – now working 5 day weeksinstead of 6.• All this meant young people could keep most of their wages – theywuld used to have to give it to parents to look after the family• ‘The teenager was a creation of Affluence’ Dominic Sandbrook
Enter the Teenager!• You need to add to the image of a 1950s teenagerinformation under the headings provided on thesheet – use page 484-5• What types of:• Music would they like• Films would they like• Fashion would they wear• Things would they do with their spare time?If there are differences forboys and girls than putboth down – make sureyou distinguish betweenthe two – I don’t want youputting than boys woreskirts!
What happened in the 1960s?• There was about 5 million teenagers in the 1960sand they earned 1/10th of the countries income• They spent about £800 million on themselves ayear! Mainly on clothes and entertainment.• They brought 1/3 of all bikes, motorcycles,cosmetics, and film tickets• Most cinemas, record shops, dance halls andmagazine stores depended on teenagercustomers.
Does this source tell us more aboutteenagers spending trends In the1960s than source 9 on 486?‘Every week I’d buy at least two or three singles.I had so much money to spend. Its unbelievablelooking back. There were so many well paid jobsfor teenagers connected to the car industry. Iwould spend £10 every week on myself, onclothes, on going out and most of all on music.’A Coventry man in in 2005 who was a teenagerin the 1960s
Ready, Steady, GO!• Every Friday at 7pm almost all teenagers wouldwatch this new show!• In many ways this new show summed up theSwinging Sixties• Why was this show so popular?• Draw a tv in you books with Ready Steady Go! Onthe screen. Then annotate it with what wasdistinctive about the show.
• Radios became portable – could now listen to music while ‘hangingout’ with their friends. Now there was teenager specific stations.• Record players now made from plastic – now cheap enough forteenagers to have them in their bedrooms. Listening to music wasno longer a family occasion!• New fabrics made clothes cheaper to buy – or girls could maketheir own clothes to stay with the designer clothes• Transport – better public transport and teenagers could affordscooters or motorcycles – made it easier for teenagers to visit eachother, have freedom, go to town, or music events.
What is the message of this source• Cartoon source on June 2011 paper
Music• Name 4 popular bands of the 1960s• What were the key differences between musicians inthe 50s and musicians in the 60s?• How many records did the Beatles sell in 1964?• How many singles did Satisfaction, by the RollingStones sell?• What was Juke Box Jury?• When did Top of the Pops start?• How did Radio Caroline lead to Radio one beingcreated?
How was the music craze viewed byadults??• Look at source 12 and 13 on page 488• How does the writer of source 12 viewteenagers? What kind of words does he use todescribe them or the time?• Why does the writer of source 14 like theBeatles?
Fashion• Pop stars tried to outdo each other by wearingoutrageous clothes.• Designs were all about being ‘with it’ – somemodels were photographed wearing space agedresses and fabrics.• Teenagers were not as extreme but did like newdesigners like Mary Quant– Mary set up a boutique called Bazaar on KingsRoad in London in 1955 – Kings Road becamethe capital of youth fashion for London and therest of the world.– By 1966 she was making $6 million a year– She invented the Mini Skirt - used manydifferent fabrics and bold colours– She realised the importance of models – Modelsbecame big stars – biggest of all was LesleyHornby (Twiggy)– David Bailey – photographer becomes a celeb,celeb hairdressers like Vidal Sassoon.
What do you think Marymeans when she uses theterm ‘something was in theI wanted to design clothes that women could put onin the morning and still feel right at midnight;clothes that go happily to the office and go equallyhappily out to dinner. I just happened to start whenthat something was in the air, was coming to theboil. The clothes I made happened to fit in exactlywith the teenage trend, with the pop records andexpresso bars and music clubs.Marry Quant
Cartoons page 489• I will split the class up and you need to workout what your cartoon’s message is• You will compete against others in the classwho have your cartoon• Who can figure them out the best?
Rebellion• We keep saying that teenagers in the 1960swere trying to be different to their parents.This had always been the case but now in the60s they had the time, money and confidenceto express themselves differently and to rebel.• In what ways did they start to rebel?
Satirical TV programmes andmagazines made fun ofrespectable authority figures
John Lennon: “the Beatles are biggerthan Jesus.”• Very controversialcomment made in 1966• He meant thattraditional institutionslike the church weredeclining in importanceot young people
Were the Sixties ‘Sex-mad?’• Use the information on page 490 and thesources on 491 to see if you can give ananswer to this question.
Teenage Violence• For most teenagers rebellion was small –listening to music, watching films, or stayingout late.• However some turned to street violence.• Most famous incident was the violence in1964 between Mods and Rockers in a numberof seaside towns such as Margate andBrighton.