British depth study exam jan

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British depth study exam jan

  1. 1. GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATIONHISTORY B (MODERN WORLD) A972/22British Depth Study, 1939–1975*OCE/18723*INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES• Write your name clearly in capital letters, your Centre number and candidate number in the spaces providedon the answer booklet.• Use black ink.• Read each question carefully and make sure you know what to do before starting your answer.• Study the Background Information and the sources carefully.You are advised to spend at least ten minutesdoing this.• Answer all the questions.• Write the numbers of the questions you have answered in the box on the front of the answer booklet.• Do not write in the bar codes.INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES• The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.• The total number of marks for this paper is 50.• This document consists of 10 pages. Any blank pages are indicated.OCR is an exempt CharityTurn over© OCR 2010 [J/501/5389]DCA (SJF5657/DJ) 18723/2Candidates answer on the Answer BookletOCR Supplied Materials:• 8 page Answer BookletOther Materials Required:NoneTuesday 26 January 2010AfternoonDuration: 1 hour 30 minutes* A 9 7 2 2 2 *THIS IS A NEW SPECIFICATION
  2. 2. 2A972/22 Jan10© OCR 2010FOLD OUT THIS PAGE
  3. 3. 3A972/22 Jan10© OCR 2010How far did British society change, 1939–1975?Study the Background Information and the sources carefully.You are advised to spend at leastten minutes doing this.In answering the questions, you will need to use your knowledge of the topic to interpret andevaluate the sources. When you are asked to use specific sources you must do so, but you mayalso use any of the other sources if they are relevant.Answer ALL the questions.1 Study Source A.What can you learn from this source about immigration to Britain? Use details of the source andyour knowledge to explain your answer. [6]2 Study Sources B and C.Which of these two sources is more useful as evidence about immigration into Britain? Use detailsof the sources and your knowledge to explain your answer. [8]3 Study Source D.What is the message of this source? Use details of the source and your knowledge to explain youranswer. [7]4 Study Source E.Why do you think the British government published this source in India in 1958? Use details of thesource and your knowledge to explain your answer. [8]5 Study Sources F and G.How similar are these two sources? Use details of the sources and your knowledge to explain youranswer. [9]6 Study all the sources.‘Immigrants came to Britain in the period 1948–1972 to find work.’How far do the sources in this paper support this statement? Use details of the sources and yourknowledge to explain your answer. Remember to identify the sources you use. [12]
  4. 4. 4A972/22 Jan10© OCR 2010How far did British society change, 1939–1975?Immigration into BritainBackground InformationDuring the years 1948-1972 many thousands of people came to live and work in Britain, and to settlein British towns and cities. They came from different parts of the world. Immigrants from the Caribbean(called the West Indies at the time) came mainly in the late 1940s and 1950s.The majority of immigrantsfrom other former British colonies in Africa, India and Pakistan arrived mainly in the 1960s and early1970s. But did these immigrants all come to Britain for the same reasons?SOURCE AAn advertisement from a Barbados newspaper in 1953.The fare of $322.00 would cost around £700 today.
  5. 5. 5A972/22 Jan10 Turn over© OCR 2010SOURCE BThere were adverts everywhere urging people to come to Britain:‘Come to the mother country!The mother country needs you!’ That’s how I learned the opportunity was here. I felt strongerloyalty towards England than loyalty to my own island. It really was the mother country andbeing away from home wouldn’t be that terrible because you would belong.From an interview with Sybil Phoenix, an immigrant fromthe Caribbean who settled in Britain in the 1950s.SOURCE CThe brochures say the West Indies are a tourist paradise. The West Indian who works inplantations for a few shillings a day thinks differently. Hundreds of his friends have no work andthere is no dole. West Indians in Britain can earn wages of around £10 per week.There is widespread concern in Britain about the influx of West Indians who come in search ofwork and a better future for their children. However, contrary to many reports the West Indianinflux has not caused unemployment amongst white workers. There is work for all, and theseWest Indians are British citizens after all.From the commentary of a British government information film broadcast in 1955.
  6. 6. 6A972/22 Jan10© OCR 2010SOURCE DA cartoon from a British newspaper published in August 1972.The large figure is President Idi Amin, the ruler of Uganda.Exodus = leavingSOURCE EChandra Lal listened to the tales of high wages earned in the factories of Britain. His ownuncle regularly sent home money and wrote of life in the industrial Midlands, where the shopswere full and nobody went hungry. So, Chandra left his village in India and went to Britain. Itwas winter when he arrived and the cold wind bit through his thin cotton clothing. Chandrashivered, but found no work because he was not skilled. He went on shivering for four monthsand at last found a labouring job in Bradford. But Chandra is one of the lucky ones, for there arethousands of other Indians and Pakistanis without work. They think longingly of their villagesand the wives and children they left behind.From a British government leaflet published in India in 1958.
  7. 7. 7A972/22 Jan10© OCR 2010SOURCE FOriginally I came from India in 1955, then went to Kenya. I worked in the Civil Service. In 1967the Kenyan government had a policy of Africanisation. This meant we had to either becomeKenyan citizens or leave the country. I was able to stay on in the Civil Service until 1969 butthen I had to leave. My father was a British national so I had a British passport. I could havegone to India or the United Kingdom. I chose to settle in the United Kingdom, with my family,because my children were very young. It was an opportunity for them to get a good education.A Kenyan Asian interviewed in 1998.SOURCE GFor a split second, one can almost see the horror in retired accountant Natubhai Shah’s eyesas he calmly remembers the murderous regime of Idi Amin. Once, when he was on business,a military van stopped his car. He could see Amin standing beside the river, stabbing an Asianman with a knife. Even today, Shah calls himself lucky that he escaped.Ramanbhai Patel’s memories are so upsetting that he cancelled his plans to revisit Uganda inOctober this year. Patel was forced to flee in 1972, leaving behind his pharmaceutical factoryand other businesses. Patel left the country for London at the end of October 1972 with £50 inhis pocket, the maximum any Asian was allowed to take.The experiences of two Ugandan Asians described in an article for an Indian newspaper. It waswritten in 2007 to mark the 35th anniversary of the expulsion of Asians from Uganda.An extract has been removed due to third party copyright reasons
  8. 8. 8A972/22 Jan10© OCR 2010BLANK PAGE
  9. 9. 9A972/22 Jan10© OCR 2010BLANK PAGE
  10. 10. 10A972/22 Jan10© OCR 2010Copyright InformationOCR is committed to seeking permission to reproduce all third-party content that it uses in its assessment materials. OCR has attempted to identify and contact all copyright holderswhose work is used in this paper. To avoid the issue of disclosure of answer-related information to candidates, all copyright acknowledgements are reproduced in the OCR CopyrightAcknowledgements Booklet. This is produced for each series of examinations, is given to all schools that receive assessment material and is freely available to download from our publicwebsite (www.ocr.org.uk) after the live examination series.If OCR has unwittingly failed to correctly acknowledge or clear any third-party content in this assessment material, OCR will be happy to correct its mistake at the earliest possibleopportunity.For queries or further information please contact the Copyright Team, First Floor, 9 Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 1GE.OCR is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group; Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself adepartment of the University of Cambridge.

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