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Nose tongue
Nose tongue
Nose tongue
Nose tongue
Nose tongue
Nose tongue
Nose tongue
Nose tongue
Nose tongue
Nose tongue
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Nose tongue

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  • 1. Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Special Senses  Objective 8  Describe the location, structure, and function of the olfactory (smell) and gustatory (taste) receptors.
  • 2. Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Chemical Senses – Taste and Smell  Both senses use chemoreceptors  Stimulated by chemicals in solution  Taste has five types of receptors  Smell can differentiate a large range of chemicals  Both senses complement each other and respond to many of the same stimuli
  • 3. Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Olfaction – The Sense of Smell  Olfactory receptors are in the roof of the nasal cavity  Neurons with long cilia  Chemicals must be dissolved in mucus for detection  Impulses are transmitted via the olfactory nerve  Interpretation of smells is made in the olfactory cortex
  • 4. Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Olfactory Epithelium Figure 8.17
  • 5. Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings The Sense of Taste  Taste buds house the receptor organs  Location of taste buds  Most are on the tongue  Soft palate  Cheeks Figure 8.18a–b
  • 6. Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings The Tongue and Taste  The tongue is covered with projections called papillae  Filiform papillae – sharp with no taste buds  Fungifiorm papillae – rounded with taste buds  Circumvallate papillae – large papillae with taste buds  Taste buds are found on the sides of papillae
  • 7. Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Structure of Taste Buds  Gustatory cells are the receptors  Have gustatory hairs (long microvilli)  Hairs are stimulated by chemicals dissolved in saliva
  • 8. Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Anatomy of Taste Buds Figure 8.18
  • 9. Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Special Senses  Objective 9  Name the FIVE basic taste sensations and list factors that modify the sense of taste.
  • 10. Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Taste Sensations  Sweet receptors  Sugars, Saccharine & Some amino acids  Sour receptors  Acids  Bitter receptors  Alkaloids (bases)  Salty receptors  Metal ions  Umami receptors  The amino acid glutamine… “beefy…savory”

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